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Proof that Smart-Meter radiation pulses affect the heart
USA Created: 17 May 2017
Everyone's health is being affected by "smart" meters - The evidence in this video is a world first, and shifts the debate from whether anyone should have to pay a fee to refuse a "smart" meter to: When does the safety recall start?.

We now know that even if people are not showing outward symptoms, their bodies are being unnecessarily and involuntarily stressed by "smart" meters. There must be a complete safety recall of all "smart" meters at once.

Watch the video here:
https://youtu.be/p-aNRQNRtaI
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Youtube, Warren Woodward, 16 May 2017

State Senate Committee Presses Pause on 5G Wireless Bill
USA Created: 17 May 2017
SACRAMENTO, California – Opponents of a bill intended to smooth the way for the rollout of next-generation cell technology are cautiously optimistic - after a key committee put the measure on hold on Monday.

The state Senate finance committee put Senate Bill 649 in the suspense file - in the face of vocal opposition from groups concerned that the 5G technology emits harmful millimeter-wave frequencies when compared with the 3G and 4G now commonly in use.

Josh Hart, director of the group, StopSmartMeters.org, says the bill would limit local governments' ability to use zoning laws to block the proliferation of these towers near schools, hospitals and residential areas.

"This bill was basically written by the Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association, the CTIA," he says. "This is their wish list. Local governments are the biggest impediment to them putting wireless wherever they want to."

Supporters of the bill say it will boost the economy by encouraging the spread of super-fast wireless connections in the Golden State.

The bill already sailed through the governance and finance committee but faced determined opposition from advocates on Monday, who organized hundreds of people to call into the hearing on a central conference line and express their concern.

A recent study by the National Toxicology Program found that male rats exposed to cell phone-like signals had a higher incidence of brain and heart tumors, compared with a control group.

Hart says other studies have linked 5G technology to skin and eye damage in humans.

"Approximately 5 percent to 6 percent of the population has been injured in some way by electromagnetic fields," he adds. "This is an acknowledged impairment in Sweden. Often these people's lives have been turned upside down. They've had to move into remote areas, lost jobs. This is a really serious and growing issue."

Hart says Santa Cruz and Marin counties and the League of California Cities have come out against the bill, which could be revived at any time before the end of the legislative session this summer.
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Source: Public News Service, Suzanne Potter, 16 May 2017

Wireless-Only Households More Likely To Smoke, Drink Heavily, says Center for Disease Control
USA Created: 11 May 2017
PHILADELPHIA (CBS)–More than half of Americans now live in a home void of a landline phone - That’s according to a new study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that also uncovered several interesting health attributes that the landline-less seem to share.

Why would the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study phone use? It turns out, that their need for data collection led researchers to the reality that by only calling people with landline phones they were missing out on crucial demographics, a majority of the population, as they found, for the first time in history.

According to the survey titled ‘Wireless Substitution’ the CDC found that in the final six months of 2016, over 50% of American homes were not equipped with a landline.

Also with this survey, came some interesting health data. For example, researchers found that a person who only used a cell phone in their home was more likely to be a current smoker and 11% more likely to drink heavily.

Alternatively, they also found that, regardless of age, the landline-less reported more frequent exercise and better overall health.

Emergency health needs do play a part in why some landline users told Eyewitness New that they do not plan to part with their’s any time soon.

According to the Federal Communications Commission:

“The mobility of wireless telephone service makes determining a wireless 911 caller’s location more complicated than determining a traditional wireline 911 caller’s location, where numbers are associated with a fixed address.”
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Source: CBS Philly, Alexandria Hoff, 04 May 2017

Cellphones, wifi and cancer: Will Trump's budget cuts zap vital ‘electrosmog' research?
USA Created: 7 May 2017
Just as long term research into the health impacts of the 'electrosmog' created by wifi and mobile phones is yielding its first results, it's at risk of sudden termination from President Trump's budget cuts, writes Paul Mobbs. But the cuts have little to do with saving money - and a lot to do with protecting corporate profit and economic growth from harsh truths, including evidence that electrosmog causes cancer in laboratory rats, and maybe humans too.

Amidst concern over President Trump's emasculation of the US Environmental Protection Agency, and cuts to the USA's climate research, other ground-breaking areas of environmental research are being ignored.

For well-over a decade, at a cost of $25 million, a US National Toxicology Program study has been assessing the links between the use of mobile phones and rare, though increasing forms of cancer.

Unfortunately, before the results of this study are published, it may be 'lost' in the coming cuts.

Donald Trump's policies are not 'revolutionary'. They reflect a general opposition by right-wing lobby groups to environmental and social campaigns.

Just like the UK Coalition Government's 'Bonfire of the Quangos' in 2011/12, Trump's cuts are aimed at removing any authoritative opposition to the liquidation of the Earth's last natural resources - irrespective of the costs to human health and the environment.

Who will rid me of these turbulent scientists?

Given the USA's lead in science and consumer technology, and the novel public health research such innovations generate, Trump's new budget could have global implications for public health.

The Department for Health and Human Services (DHHS) funds the USA's leading public health institutes. As part of Trump's attempt to nullify environmental opposition in the USA, a long-standing objective of the political-right, the DHHS' budget is being cut by 18%, or about $15.1 billion.

That will have wide-ranging effects on its dependent research agencies.

The National Toxicology Programme, maintained by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is one such example. At present cuts to the NIH, which has seen increases in its funding over recent years, are believed to be around 20% of its budget, roughly $5.8 billion.

Ultimately it is up to the US Congress to decide on the precise level of funding. That in turn depends upon the willingness of the Republican majority to follow Trump's 'skinny' budget proposals.

Concerns about mobile phone radiation

Historically concerns about radio frequency (RF) radiation - and the official claims of safety for mobile phone use - were based on its 'heating' effect. Microwaves, like those used in kitchen ovens, heat-up materials as they are absorbed.

The levels of heating caused by mobile phones were so small they were considered insignificant for health. On that basis governments, mobile phone companies, and just about everyone with an interest in mobile communications, claimed that their use entailed no public health risk.

However, even before their use became widespread in the last 10 to 15 years, the 'heating' hypothesis was challenged by evidence of health impacts associated with heavy mobile use - including headaches, skin irritation, nausea, and cancer.

Concerns over the 'non-thermal level' of health impacts began to arise in the 1990s, but the result of initial scientific reviews was essentially, 'we don't know'.

There was insufficient evidence to assess the risks to human health.

The need for long-term studies

In 1999, the US Food and Drug Administration nominated the effects of mobile phone radiation for research by the US National Toxicology Program (NTP). That was because while mobile phone use had become widespread, little was known the about human health impacts of low level RF radiation exposure.

NTP designed a long-term study where animals would be irradiated by different kinds of mobile phone radiation - to take account of the differing mobile technologies. This was done in a closely controlled environment, so that the effects of mobile radiation could be differentiated from other confounding factors - something that many other studies have failed to do.

The study began, and... nothing; which is the issue with long-term exposure studies - they take time to produce a result.

In the interim various scientists recommended 'precaution' in the use of mobile phones. Though governments and the telecommunications industry have ignored that advice.

Category 2B: 'possibly carcinogenic to humans'

Another official study, carried out by the World Health Organization's Interphone Study Group, published its results in 2010.

Using epidemiological data they concluded there was 'no increase in risk' of cancer - although they accepted there may be a weak association with one specific type of cancer, glioma, amongst the heaviest mobile users.

In 2011, contrary to the mollifying statements from the industry, the World Health Organisation's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) declared that

"the evidence, while still accumulating, is strong enough to support a conclusion and the 2B [possibly carcinogenic to humans] classification. The conclusion means that there could be some risk, and therefore we need to keep a close watch for a link between cell phones and cancer risk."

In response to the IARC statement, the European Environment Agency recommended, "taking a precautionary approach to policy making in this area."

As yet that call has not been heeded by many EU governments and regulators. And certainly not in the UK, where wireless connectivity is seen as a driver of economic growth.

Wifi and the exponential growth of connectivity

From the 2000s, research widened beyond mobile phones to look at all forms of wireless communication - given that the use of WiFi had become widespread.

Around this time stories began to emerge about 'electrosensitive' people who were adversely affected by RF radiation. Sometimes mocking, these articles often claimed 'no proof' - though symptoms were demonstrable, and research studies have shown that some people are able to sense RF radiation within the bounds of statistical certainty.

Again, as with early mobile phone studies, WiFi-related studies produced no certain outcomes for human health - due to the lack of controlled research.

As a result, and without requiring that a safety case be proven, governments and the industry have rolled-out the installation of WiFi across society.

The political bias against 'precaution'

The difficulty is that studies which produced no clear-cut result tend, on the basis of the precautionary approach, to call for preventative action in advance of certain scientific evidence.

Precautionary action is mandated under United Nations agreements on sustainability, and under European law.

Unfortunately the 'precautionary principle' is one of the issues which is toxic to right-wing politicians (especially in the USA). They believe it harms economic growth as it seeks to restrict people's rights to pollute or damage the environment.

The lack of precautionary action has meant that the use of all kinds of high-frequency communication systems has grown exponentially. Most notably, WiFi. Not only in the home, where we have a 'choice' of exposure, but also deliberately installed in public places - often with government support and financing.

Clearly on the 'thermal' effects issue, it is true that the effect is insignificant. But the possibility of 'non-thermal' mechanisms which are deleterious to human health cannot be excluded.

Given the consistent evidence of some kind of 'non-thermal' causal mechanism for health impacts, there is no proof that mobile phones or WiFi systems are safe.

2016: NTP's results begin to trickle out

Well over a decade after it started the National Toxicology Program's long-term study started to yield results. In May 2016 the NTP released a draft report on the study's findings. A review in Science summed-up the results:

"Male rats exposed to cellphone radiation in a large US government study were more likely to develop rare brain and heart cancers, a preliminary analysis has found, adding weight to concerns the ubiquitous devices could pose a health risk to people."

A more detailed review in Scientific American highlighted the finding of a correlation between exposure to RF radiation and increasing cancer rates in the exposed group of rats.

While accepting the results were not definitive, researchers commented that the use of so many animals over such a long period was significant, and raises serious question about the safety of mobile phones. At the same time sceptics, quite rightly, pointed out that the draft was an incomplete, un-reviewed digest of the findings of the research project.

One, as yet unpublished aspect of the final report will be the description of a mechanism by which 'non-thermal' effects might give rise to cancer. For example, by creating breaks in DNA, which, as discovered 20 years ago, can cause mutations which might give rise to cancer.

The NTP's scientists are currently working toward producing a final report on the study. Last week NTP announced that a research paper would not be published in its own right. Instead a final report would be published in December 2017.

This is why the possible cuts to the NTP's budget are problematic. They could be used as a pretext for preventing the final publication of the results.

Might there be industry pressure to kill the study?

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has information on their website which states: "Can using a cell phone cause cancer? There is no scientific evidence that provides a definite answer to that question."

There is also a sidebar entitled: "Why has the information on this page been updated?" That sidebar is the result of a controversy stoked over changes to the original format of the page - which indicated that mobile phone users should take a more cautious approach to their use.

The events surrounding that are outlined in a New York Times article, based on emails released after a freedom of information request, which outlined the pressure applied to the CDC to change its public advice.

One of the groups leading the campaign against warnings on the use of mobile phones was Breitbart - the 'alt-right' news site, run at that time by Trump's chief strategist, Steve Bannon.

However, there is hope that the results will emerge, somehow. When I put the possibility of the industry pressuring the US government to bury the NTP's report to Dr. Louis Slesin, the editor of Microwave News, he commented:

"A possible indirect effect is that the Trump administration could hold up the release of the report as a favor to the telecom industry. If that were to happen, I would hope that the report might be leaked - as was the case with those preliminary results we published last May, which prompted the NTP to officially release them a few days later."

Why the evidence demands precautionary action

Recently a key paper on the effects of mobile phones on cancer rates in Britain had to be corrected. It had used the wrong data. What the new data showed was an increasing incidence of glioma in the UK - one of the cancers highlighted in the NTP's study, as well as the Interphone study which had dismissed a link to cancer.

Yet the official advice from the UK's NHS is that "most current research suggests it's unlikely that radio waves from mobile phones or base stations increase the risk of any health problems."

There is insufficient research to demonstrate the health effects from mobile phones and, perhaps more significantly due to the longer-term exposure, from WiFi - though evidence of effects does exist.

Yet despite the calls for 'precaution' from scientists, year on year, the 'flux' of high frequency electromagnetic energy in the environment continues to grow stronger, as use of these systems grows exponentially.

The global mobile phone industry has revenues of around a trillion dollars. And in addition to workplace and home computers, WiFi enables the 'Internet of Things' - which is forecast to quadruple in size by 2020 to a market worth $4 billion.

If more definite evidence on the health impacts of mobile communications and WiFi arises over the next few years, will our politicians and regulators be able to stand-up to that kind of economic pressure? - as well as public pressure from addicted mobile users?.

There is a long-standing debate over 'safety' in our modern, technological world. In particular, the role of radiation to that overall level of safety. In part that's because radiation is a 'involuntary' risk; by its nature, you have no choice to avoid its hazards if your environment is polluted by it.

The difficulty is that personal choice is removed when public spaces are being deliberately 'wired' for wireless communications. Most notably, WiFi in public buildings and on public transport. People may wish to limits their exposure, but society is not allowing that because of its incessant drive towards mobile communications.

As the social and economic pressure for wireless connectivity grows, how are we limit our exposure to RF radiation?
Click here to view the source article.
Source: The Ecologist, Paul Mobbs, 27 Mar 2017

Worcester schools draft warning on wireless devices
USA Created: 7 May 2017
WORCESTER – The school district could soon warn families to take precautions against exposure to wireless Internet radiation, after a school standing committee this week approved a set of recommendations developed by the administration.

The new guidelines, which still must be approved by the full School Committee at its meeting Thursday, encourage technology users to avoid keeping cellphones, tablets and laptops close to their body, and to turn off the wireless connectivity on those devices when not using the internet.

The full list of recommendations, comprising five bullet points, will be posted to the district’s Web site and distributed to students in handouts later this school year should the committee give its OK, according to John Monfredo, vice chairman of the committee’s Teaching, Learning and Student Supports Standing Committee, which adopted the safety tips at its meeting Monday.

While health organizations have asserted extensive research into the matter has not produced any solid evidence that non-ionizing radiation given off by smartphones and Wi-Fi routers is harmful to humans, Mr. Monfredo said the school system still should make parents aware of any potential dangers.

“We don’t want, 10 years from now, to find out there was something we should have done,” he said. “We live in the 21st century. We know technology will continue to grow ... but we can’t be blind to the fact it may cause some problems.”

Hardly any school districts have officially considered electromagnetic radiation an issue, however. In the region, the Ashland schools were the first to implement recommended best practices for mobile devices, which some Worcester school officials have used as a basis to explore developing their own.

Bob Walton, chief officer of the Worcester schools’ information technology department, which developed the recommendations endorsed by the standing committee this week, said he based them on suggested best practices put out by the Federal Communications Commission and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

“We don’t feel we should be setting what acceptable levels” of radiation exposure should be, he said. “We’re not a scientific body.” But Mr. Walton added there is “no harm in recommending” safety steps based on recommendations made by federal agencies.

“They’re advisory,” said the standing committee’s chairman, Brian O’Connell. “They’re designed clearly not to alarm people.”

Both he and Mr. Monfredo, however, see the new guidelines as just “the beginning” of the committee’s foray into the issue. While more government data – school officials are specifically waiting for guidance from the state Department of Public Health, for example – will likely inform any future committee decisions on the issue, they said. Mr. Monfredo, for instance, would like to at least look into the possibility of going back to hardwired school buildings instead of Wi-Fi-enabled, or installing switches that could turn off signals in rooms where wireless Internet is not being used.

Scaling back the district’s large investments in wireless connectivity would be “an extreme measure,” however, Mr. Walton said, especially “when there’s not enough evidence for it” being necessary.

Mr. Monfredo isn’t the only elected official in the state interested in investigating more drastic steps to curb radio frequency exposure. Several bills filed at the Statehouse this session also call for a range of actions aimed at getting a better handle on the electromagnetic radiation issue. Petition legislation filed by Rep. Carolyn Dykema, D-Holliston, for example, would establish statewide best management practices for Wi-Fi in schools.

Another petition bill, submitted by Sen. Donald F. Humason Jr., R-Westfield - who is not a sponsor of the measure, according to the state Legislature’s Web site – goes even further, effectively banning wireless signals on school grounds.

Neither Ms. Dykema nor Mr. Humason could be reached for comment on the bills Tuesday.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Telegram & Gazette, Scott O’Connell, 24 Apr 2017

Yep, it's dead: Microsoft phone revenue fell to $5m last quarter, from $1.4bn two years ago
USA Created: 30 Apr 2017
If you've been expecting Microsoft to issue a press release formally announcing the end of its Windows phone business, you're probably hoping for a bit too much. But make no mistake: its phone hardware business is dead. RIP-dead. Send-flowers-dead. Worm-food-dead.

Some fans, and even some in the media, have consistently refused to acknowledge this, despite the clear signs in recent quarters. Now, Microsoft's own figures, and its statements regarding its phone division, should make it irrefutably clear that there is no life left in its Windows phone business.

During the quarter ending in December, Microsoft's phone revenue dropped to just $200 million, which included some sales of feature phones, before the company completed its sale of that business unit to Foxconn in November. That figure has now dropped to virtually nothing.

According to the company's 10-Q filing to the SEC for Q3 FY2015, its phone hardware revenue for that quarter totalled $1.397 billion. One year later, in its 10-Q for Q3 FY2016, Microsoft said that phone revenue had fallen by $662 million, reducing it to $735 million.

Today, as Microsoft published its earnings report for Q3 FY2017, it revealed that its "Phone revenue declined $730 million". Based on its earlier financial disclosures, that means the company's phone hardware revenue fell to just $5 million for the entire quarter ending March 31, 2017.

During Microsoft's earnings call today, its chief financial officer, Amy Hood, acknowledged this, stating that there was "no material phone revenue this quarter". The outlook for the next few months is similarly bleak, as Hood predicted "negligible revenue from Phone" in the coming quarter.

For anyone who's been paying attention, this shouldn't be a surprise. All of Microsoft's 'latest' Lumia Windows phones are now well over a year old, with no sign of direct replacements. In many markets, these devices have been out of stock for weeks - or even months, in some cases. Meanwhile, the new Windows 10 Mobile Creators Update supports only a handful of devices, and delivers only a small number of relatively minor improvements, despite some more significant additions being promised.

Additionally, Microsoft recently separated Windows 10 Mobile away from its main Windows 10 'Redstone 3' development branch, which will eventually become its next major update for PCs and other devices in September. In February, Microsoft said that it would continue to release new Windows 10 Mobile builds "beyond the release of the Creators Update", and so far, it has done exactly that. But with development splintered from that of the rest of Windows 10, a cloud of uncertainty now hangs over the whole platform.

Indeed, for now, the future of Windows 10 Mobile rests in the hands of Microsoft's hardware partners, including those making new handsets, such as Wileyfox and crowdfunding hopeful WhartonBrooks. But even some of Microsoft's partners have been less than enthusiastic about its mobile platform.

Coship, the largest ODM of Windows 10 Mobile devices - and the prospective manufacturer of WhartonBrooks' new device - expressed serious doubts about the platform in October, specifically citing Microsoft's withdrawal from the hardware market as a key cause for its concerns. Coship resorted to a crowdfunding campaign for its latest Windows 10 Mobile handset, which ended with just 30 backers, reaching 2.6% of its goal.

Earlier this year, the CEO of Japanese manufacturer NuAns spoke with Neowin in an interview, in which he expressed his disappointment over Windows 10 Mobile, and said that earlier discussions with Microsoft had led to higher expectations for the OS, and for the company's Neo Windows phone. NuAns has now abandoned Windows 10 Mobile in favor of Android for its latest device.

With even its hardware partners questioning the future of Windows 10 Mobile, and its own development no longer following the same path as the rest of its devices - for the first time since Windows 10 launched in 2015 - the future is looking less than bright for the company's mobile platform. And with revenue for its own phone hardware now down to $5 million - a drop in the ocean for a company that generated a total of $23.6 billion in revenue last quarter - Microsoft's phone division is effectively dead.

Microsoft is rumored to be working on a new class of mobile device: a handset with powerful hardware that can function as a desktop PC running the full version of Windows 10 with support for Win32 apps, which is commonly referred to as the 'Surface phone'. The company already crafted the foundations of this with its PC-like Continuum feature in Windows 10 Mobile, but Samsung recently introduced its own version of the feature, known as DeX, on its new Galaxy S8 and S8+ flagships. Given the market's rejection of Windows-based phones over the last few years - even among business customers, who have increasingly embraced iPhones and Android devices - Microsoft would clearly need to offer some sort of extraordinary game-changing capabilities to convince buyers to purchase a 'Surface phone'.

Muddying the waters further, Microsoft recently announced that it will sell Samsung's Galaxy S8 handsets in its US stores, pre-installing some of its apps on those devices. With Microsoft now selling Android phones, the 'negligible' sales of its own devices, its 'splintered' development of Windows 10 Mobile, weak support from developers, and the uncertainty of its hardware partners, it's hard to see any real signs of life left in Microsoft's mobile strategy.

As Microsoft has drifted further away from its mobile platform, its focus on other areas of its business has repeatedly driven its share price to record highs. Considering the billions that it spent on its failed phone strategy in recent years, perhaps the death of its mobile hardware aspirations is exactly what the company wants, and needs.

Editor's note: The third paragraph of this article was edited after publishing to better clarify that the £200m figure referred to the quarter ending in December 2016.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: NeoWin, Andy Weir, 27 Apr 2017

Peer Review in the Raw
USA Created: 30 Apr 2017
This story was 20 years in the making - If you want to know what it has been like to do research on the potential health effects of cell phone radiation, please read this story. I hope it will change the way you think about the peer review process and the power of entrenched interests to manipulate what gets published in the scientific literature --and, ultimately, shape public opinion.

This story should also help you understand how EMF/EMR research has come to be falsely portrayed as junk science.

Read the story here:
http://microwavenews.com/news-center/singh-comet-assay-radiation-research

Louis Slesin, PhD
Editor, Microwave News
louis@microwavenews.com
http://microwavenews.com
@microwavenews.com
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Microwave News, Louis Slesin, 28 Apr 2017

BREAKING: City of Berkeley WINS in right-to-know case against CTIA (updated)
USA Created: 21 Apr 2017
Dear all, this is just breaking and no media outlets seem to have reported yet, but we have it on good authority that Berkeley has WON against CTIA in the case of requiring warnings to be displayed at cellphone points of sale.

Susan Foster just broke the news on Twitter (2017-04-21 7:40 PM, U.S. time):

The #9thCircuit just ruled on #CTIA v. City of #Berkeley, affirming Berkeley's right to #freespeech re #cellphone right to know precautions.

Source: https://twitter.com/Susan_Foster_/status/855476243793231872

Update: This seems to be the court ruling itself:
http://law.justia.com/cases/federal/appellate-courts/ca9/16-15141/16-15141-2017-04-21.html

We'll update here when more coverage is available.

Related news:
Jan 2017, USA: Judge in Berkeley cellphone-warning case has Conflict-of-Interest
Jul 2014, USA: Berkeley pushes for health warning stickers on cell phones
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Twitter, Susan Foster, 21 Apr 2017

More Americans (3.4%!!) suffering from stress, anxiety and depression, study finds
USA Created: 17 Apr 2017
More Americans than ever before are stressed, depressed and anxiety-ridden, and many are unable to get the help they need, a new study suggests.

An estimated 8.3 million American adults — about 3.4 percent of the U.S. population — suffer from serious psychological distress, an evaluation of federal health data concluded. Previous estimates put the number of Americans suffering from serious psychological distress at 3 percent or less, the researchers said.

“Mental illness is on the rise. Suicide is on the rise. And access to care for the mentally ill is getting worse,” said lead researcher Judith Weissman. She’s a research manager in the department of medicine at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City.

This increase is likely a lasting after-effect of the Great Recession that began in late 2007 — a stress-filled time that caused long-term emotional damage to many Americans, Weissman suggested.

Many people psychologically affected by the Great Recession haven’t been able to get the help they need, either because they can’t afford it or because their condition hampers their ability to seek out treatment, she said.

As a result, hundreds of thousands of Americans live with serious psychological distress, an umbrella term that runs from general hopelessness and nervousness all the way up to diagnosable conditions such as depression and anxiety, Weissman explained.

“The recession seemed to have pushed the mentally ill to a point where they never recovered,” she said. “This is a very disturbing finding because of the implications of what mental illness can do to a person in terms of their ability to function and their life span.”

The study included national health data from a survey conducted by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. More than 35,000 households nationwide participate each year.

The investigators found that between 2006 and 2014, access to health care services deteriorated for people with serious psychological distress, compared to people without emotional distress.

Comparing self-reported psychological distress symptoms across nine years, the research team estimated that nearly one in 10 distressed Americans in 2014 did not have health insurance that would give them access to a psychiatrist or mental health counselor.

In 2014, people with serious psychological distress were nearly three times more likely to experience delays in getting professional help due to insufficient mental health coverage than people without serious distress, the study findings showed.

Approximately 10 percent of people with serious psychological distress could not afford to pay for their psychiatric care in 2014, up from just under 9 percent in 2006.

The economic turmoil caused by the Great Recession struck at the heart of the American dream, rattling some to their core, Weissman said.

“Earning and sustaining a living is getting harder for people, especially for men,” Weissman said. “The loss of jobs could mean there’s a loss of community and a loss of role as wage earners and providers.”

Dr. Harsh Trivedi is president and CEO of Sheppard Pratt Health System, a Maryland mental health provider. He said constant noise from the internet and social media likely serve to amp up people’s anxiety and angst.

“In the past, you may go out and meet with your friends and talk about something, but when you got home you’d go to sleep,” Trivedi said. “The difficulty now is you can’t really turn things off. We don’t necessarily have downtimes to recharge and get our bearings straight again.”

Weissman pointed out that psychologically distressed people already struggle to deal with the health care system, and on top of that there are national shortages of mental health professionals.

And, Trivedi added, the ongoing debate over the Affordable Care Act isn’t doing distressed individuals any favors.

“If you are in a more distressed state, how easy is it for you, from a psychological perspective, to seek care?” Trivedi said. “If the overall market is shifting, and you are more psychologically distressed, how are you going to have the faculties to keep track of your access to health care?”

Weissman said insurance companies should pay for mental health services, which need to be more fully integrated into primary care for people.

“We need to increase access to care for the mentally ill,” she said. “We also need to put trained psychiatrists and mental health providers within the primary care setting. If you have linkages of care within primary care, then the mentally ill patient can be helped even if they’ve come in for some other reason.”

The study was published April 17 in the journal Psychiatric Services.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: CBS News, DENNIS THOMPSON, 17 Apr 2017

Brains Sweep Themselves Clean Of Toxins During Sleep
USA Created: 17 Apr 2017
While the brain sleeps, it clears out harmful toxins, a process that may reduce the risk of Alzheimer's, researchers say.

During sleep, the flow of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain increases dramatically, washing away harmful waste proteins that build up between brain cells during waking hours, a study of mice found.

"It's like a dishwasher," says Dr. Maiken Nedergaard, a professor of neurosurgery at the University of Rochester and an author of the study in Science.

The results appear to offer the best explanation yet of why animals and people need sleep. If this proves to be true in humans as well, it could help explain a mysterious association between sleep disorders and brain diseases, including Alzheimer's.

Nedergaard and a team of scientists discovered the cleaning process while studying the brains of sleeping mice.

The scientists noticed that during sleep, the system that circulates cerebrospinal fluid through the brain and nervous system was "pumping fluid into the brain and removing fluid from the brain in a very rapid pace," Nedergaard says.

The team discovered that this increased flow was possible in part because when mice went to sleep, their brain cells actually shrank, making it easier for fluid to circulate. When an animal woke up, the brain cells enlarged again and the flow between cells slowed to a trickle. "It's almost like opening and closing a faucet," Nedergaard says. "It's that dramatic."

Nedergaard's team, which is funded by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, had previously shown that this fluid was carrying away waste products that build up in the spaces between brain cells.

The process is important because what's getting washed away during sleep are waste proteins that are toxic to brain cells, Nedergaard says. This could explain why we don't think clearly after a sleepless night and why a prolonged lack of sleep can actually kill an animal or a person, she says.

So why doesn't the brain do this sort of housekeeping all the time? Nedergaard thinks it's because cleaning takes a lot of energy. "It's probably not possible for the brain to both clean itself and at the same time [be] aware of the surroundings and talk and move and so on," she says.

The brain-cleaning process has been observed in rats and baboons, but not yet in humans, Nedergaard says. Even so, it could offer a new way of understanding human brain diseases including Alzheimer's. That's because one of the waste products removed from the brain during sleep is beta amyloid, the substance that forms sticky plaques associated with the disease.

That's probably not a coincidence, Nedergaard says. "Isn't it interesting that Alzheimer's and all other diseases associated with dementia, they are linked to sleep disorders," she says.

Researchers who study Alzheimer's say Nedergaard's research could help explain a number of recent findings related to sleep. One of these involves how sleep affects levels of beta amyloid, says Randall Bateman, a professor of neurology Washington University in St. Louis who wasn't involved in the study.

"Beta amyloid concentrations continue to increase while a person is awake," Bateman says. "And then after people go to sleep that concentration of beta amyloid decreases. This report provides a beautiful mechanism by which this may be happening."

The report also offers a tantalizing hint of a new approach to Alzheimer's prevention, Bateman says. "It does raise the possibility that one might be able to actually control sleep in a way to improve the clearance of beta amyloid and help prevent amyloidosis that we think can lead to Alzheimer's disease."
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Source: NPR, Jon Hamilton, 17 Oct 2013

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