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Why children absorb more microwave radiation than adults: The consequences
USA Created: 19 Jul 2014
Highlights: Children absorb more microwave radiation (MWR) than adults. MWR is a Class 2B (possible) carcinogen. The fetus is in greater danger than children from exposure to MWR.The legal exposure limits have remained unchanged for decades. Cellphone manuals warnings and the 20 cm rule for tablets/laptops violate the “normal operating position” regulation.

Abstract:

Computer simulation using MRI scans of children is the only possible way to determine the microwave radiation (MWR) absorbed in specific tissues in children. Children absorb more MWR than adults because their brain tissues are more absorbent, their skulls are thinner and their relative size is smaller. MWR from wireless devices has been declared a possible human carcinogen. Children are at greater risk than adults when exposed to any carcinogen. Because the average latency time between first exposure and diagnosis of a tumor can be decades, tumors induced in children may not be diagnosed until well into adulthood. The fetus is particularly vulnerable to MWR. MWR exposure can result in degeneration of the protective myelin sheath that surrounds brain neurons. MWR-emitting toys are being sold for use by young infants and toddlers. Digital dementia has been reported in school age children. A case study has shown when cellphones are placed in teenage girls’ bras multiple primary breast cancer develop beneath where the phones are placed. MWR exposure limits have remained unchanged for 19 years. All manufacturers of smartphones have warnings which describe the minimum distance at which phone must be kept away from users in order to not exceed the present legal limits for exposure to MWR. The exposure limit for laptop computers and tablets is set when devices are tested 20 cm away from the body. Belgium, France, India and other technologically sophisticated governments are passing laws and/or issuing warnings about children's use of wireless devices.

The study is Open Access via the source link below...
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure, Devra Davis et al, 15 Jul 2014

Meet the electric life forms that live on pure energy
USA Created: 18 Jul 2014
Unlike any other life on Earth, these extraordinary bacteria use energy in its purest form – they eat and breathe electrons – and they are everywhere.

STICK an electrode in the ground, pump electrons down it, and they will come: living cells that eat electricity. We have known bacteria to survive on a variety of energy sources, but none as weird as this. Think of Frankenstein's monster, brought to life by galvanic energy, except these "electric bacteria" are very real and are popping up all over the place.

Unlike any other living thing on Earth, electric bacteria use energy in its purest form – naked electricity in the shape of electrons harvested from rocks and metals. We already knew about two types, Shewanella and Geobacter. Now, biologists are showing that they can entice many more out of rocks and marine mud by tempting them with a bit of electrical juice. Experiments growing bacteria on battery electrodes demonstrate that these novel, mind-boggling forms of life are essentially eating and excreting electricity.

That should not come as a complete surprise, says Kenneth Nealson at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles. We know that life, when you boil it right down, is a flow of electrons: "You eat sugars that have excess electrons, and you breathe in oxygen that willingly takes them." Our cells break down the sugars, and the electrons flow through them in a complex set of chemical reactions until they are passed on to electron-hungry oxygen.

In the process, cells make ATP, a molecule that acts as an energy storage unit for almost all living things. Moving electrons around is a key part of making ATP. "Life's very clever," says Nealson. "It figures out how to suck electrons out of everything we eat and keep them under control." In most living things, the body packages the electrons up into molecules that can safely carry them through the cells until they are dumped on to oxygen.

"That's the way we make all our energy and it's the same for every organism on this planet," says Nealson. "Electrons must flow in order for energy to be gained. This is why when someone suffocates another person they are dead within minutes. You have stopped the supply of oxygen, so the electrons can no longer flow."

The discovery of electric bacteria shows that some very basic forms of life can do away with sugary middlemen and handle the energy in its purest form – electrons, harvested from the surface of minerals. "It is truly foreign, you know," says Nealson. "In a sense, alien."

Nealson's team is one of a handful that is now growing these bacteria directly on electrodes, keeping them alive with electricity and nothing else – neither sugars nor any other kind of nutrient. The highly dangerous equivalent in humans, he says, would be for us to power up by shoving our fingers in a DC electrical socket.

To grow these bacteria, the team collects sediment from the seabed, brings it back to the lab, and inserts electrodes into it.

First they measure the natural voltage across the sediment, before applying a slightly different one. A slightly higher voltage offers an excess of electrons; a slightly lower voltage means the electrode will readily accept electrons from anything willing to pass them off. Bugs in the sediments can either "eat" electrons from the higher voltage, or "breathe" electrons on to the lower-voltage electrode, generating a current. That current is picked up by the researchers as a signal of the type of life they have captured.

"Basically, the idea is to take sediment, stick electrodes inside and then ask 'OK, who likes this?'," says Nealson.
Shocking breath

At the Goldschmidt geoscience conference in Sacramento, California, last month, Shiue-lin Li of Nealson's lab presented results of experiments growing electricity breathers in sediment collected from Santa Catalina harbour in California. Yamini Jangir, also from the University of Southern California, presented separate experiments which grew electricity breathers collected from a well in Death Valley in the Mojave Desert in California.

Over at the University of Minnesota in St Paul, Daniel Bond and his colleagues have published experiments showing that they could grow a type of bacteria that harvested electrons from an iron electrode (mBio, doi.org/tqg). That research, says Jangir's supervisor Moh El-Naggar, may be the most convincing example we have so far of electricity eaters grown on a supply of electrons with no added food.

But Nealson says there is much more to come. His PhD student Annette Rowe has identified up to eight different kinds of bacteria that consume electricity. Those results are being submitted for publication.

Nealson is particularly excited that Rowe has found so many types of electric bacteria, all very different to one another, and none of them anything like Shewanella or Geobacter. "This is huge. What it means is that there's a whole part of the microbial world that we don't know about."

Discovering this hidden biosphere is precisely why Jangir and El-Naggar want to cultivate electric bacteria. "We're using electrodes to mimic their interactions," says El-Naggar. "Culturing the 'unculturables', if you will." The researchers plan to install a battery inside a gold mine in South Dakota to see what they can find living down there.

NASA is also interested in things that live deep underground because such organisms often survive on very little energy and they may suggest modes of life in other parts of the solar system.

Electric bacteria could have practical uses here on Earth, however, such as creating biomachines that do useful things like clean up sewage or contaminated groundwater while drawing their own power from their surroundings. Nealson calls them self-powered useful devices, or SPUDs.

Practicality aside, another exciting prospect is to use electric bacteria to probe fundamental questions about life, such as what is the bare minimum of energy needed to maintain life.

For that we need the next stage of experiments, says Yuri Gorby, a microbiologist at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York: bacteria should be grown not on a single electrode but between two. These bacteria would effectively eat electrons from one electrode, use them as a source of energy, and discard them on to the other electrode.

Gorby believes bacterial cells that both eat and breathe electrons will soon be discovered. "An electric bacterium grown between two electrodes could maintain itself virtually forever," says Gorby. "If nothing is going to eat it or destroy it then, theoretically, we should be able to maintain that organism indefinitely."

It may also be possible to vary the voltage applied to the electrodes, putting the energetic squeeze on cells to the point at which they are just doing the absolute minimum to stay alive. In this state, the cells may not be able to reproduce or grow, but they would still be able to run repairs on cell machinery. "For them, the work that energy does would be maintaining life – maintaining viability," says Gorby.

How much juice do you need to keep a living electric bacterium going? Answer that question, and you've answered one of the most fundamental existential questions there is.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: New Scientist, Catherine Brahic, 16 Jul 2014

Do Interruptions Affect Quality of Work?
USA Created: 18 Jul 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine if interruptions affect the quality of work - (short answer: YES!).

Background:
Interruptions are commonplace at home and in the office. Previous research in this area has traditionally involved time and errors as the primary measures of disruption. Little is known about the effect interruptions have on quality of work.

Method:
Fifty-four students outlined and wrote three essays using a within-subjects design. During Condition 1, interruptions occurred while participants were outlining. During Condition 2, interruptions occurred while they were writing. No interruptions occurred in Condition 3.

Results:
Quality of work was significantly reduced in both interruption conditions when compared to the non-interruption condition. The number of words produced was significantly reduced when participants were interrupted while writing the essay but not when outlining the essay.

Conclusion:
This research represents a crucial first step in understanding the effect interruptions have on quality of work. Our research suggests that interruptions negatively impact quality of work during a complex, creative writing task. Since interruptions are such a prevalent part of daily life, more research needs to be conducted to determine what other tasks are negatively impacted. Moreover, the underlying mechanism(s) causing these decrements needs to be identified. Finally, strategies and systems need to be designed and put in place to help counteract the decline in quality of work caused by interruptions.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Sage Journals / Human Factors, Foroughi et al.,22 Apr 2014

FCC approves spending billions to put Wi-Fi in schools and libraries
USA Created: 18 Jul 2014
The Federal Communications Commission on Friday approved a plan to spend $1 billion per year to provide Wi-Fi service in schools and libraries.

The plan from FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler passed in a 3-2 vote after an eleventh-hour compromise was reached to secure the votes of the commission’s two Democrats.

“Because of what we do today, 10 million kids will be connected next year who otherwise wouldn’t. That’s a good day’s work,” Wheeler said at Friday’s open meeting.

The Wi-Fi plan has proved controversial at the agency and on Capitol Hill.

Republicans warn that the agency will need to increase fees on U.S. phone bills to pay for the spending in Wheeler’s plan. Democrats have said the FCC should increase connectivity funding for schools and libraries across the board and worry that the Wi-Fi focus will take away funding for basic connectivity in schools and libraries.

Wheeler and the FCC’s two Democrats tweaked his original plan to ensure the Wi-Fi-only funding does not take away from funding on traditional broadband.

“It certainly is not perfect, and there are key aspects I would have approached differently, but the order makes key improvements,” FCC Commissioner Mignon Clyburn (D) said.

The $1 billion in annual funding would come in addition to the annual $2.4 billion budget for the FCC’s E-Rate program.

That program works to connect schools and libraries to the Internet and dovetails with the Obama administration’s ConnectED goal of connecting 99 percent of U.S. students to “next-generation” Internet by 2017.

While the agency had already set aside the first $2 billion for the Wi-Fi upgrade, the remaining billions would come from eliminating inefficiencies in the E-Rate program and redirecting funding that is currently going towards outdated technologies, such as phones and pagers.

Education groups and lawmakers on both sides of the aisle expressed concerns that the FCC would have to either raise the E-Rate budget or redirect funding for basic connectivity to meet the remaining funding goals after the first $2 billion.

Education and library groups also raised concerns about the FCC’s plan to distribute the Wi-Fi funding based on the student body size of applying schools and the square footage of applying libraries.

The final plan increases funding for small schools and libraries and would allow the FCC to reassess the per-student and per-square-foot funding model after the first $2 billion is spent.

Democratic Commissioner Jessica Rosenworcel — a prominent voice in the debate over E-Rate reform — thanked Wheeler and others “for agreeing with me that all requests for connectivity to schools and libraries … be honored before Wi-Fi funding is made available.”

“I am mindful that any efforts to make Wi-Fi more broadly available cannot come at the expense of E-Rate funding that keeps schools and libraries connected to basic broadband,” she said.

Wheeler’s concessions did not win over the commission’s Republicans.

Republican commissioners Ajit Pai and Michael O’Rielly criticized Wheeler, saying he focused on requests from Democrats and ignored Republicans during negotiations over the Wi-Fi proposal.

O’Rielly said Wheeler’s plan reflects the “policy du jour of closing the so-called Wi-Fi gap” and will cause the agency to either renege on funding promises to schools and libraries or increase fees on U.S. phone bills.

Pai — a vocal advocate for E-Rate reform — slammed the plan for being “not real reform.”

He said Wheeler missed an opportunity to craft a bipartisan E-Rate reform plan that increases transparency and accountability and boosts funding for rural schools and libraries, where Internet access is more expensive and difficult to build out.

“Instead of slapping a plan together at the last minute after being called out by Republicans and Democrats alike for numbers that didn’t come close to adding up, the commission could have kept its promises, rather than breaking them as it does today,” he said.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: The Hill, Kate Tummarello, 11 Jul 2014

Berkeley pushes for health warning stickers on cell phones
USA Created: 17 Jul 2014
Berkeley City Council is considering a plan to place health warning stickers on cell phones, which might cause health issues ranging from headaches to rapid heartbeat and brain tumors.

The proposition, an ongoing effort of six years, is being pushed for by council members Max Anderson and Kriss Worthington. The city is working with Lawrence Lessig, a professor of law at Harvard University, to draft the proposal using language that would avoid potential lawsuits.

Six years ago, Berkeley proposed the effort for health warning stickers together with San Francisco. When San Francisco went forward with its proposal, CTIA — The Wireless Association, a trade group representing the wireless communications industry, sued the city for allegedly using “controversial” language in its proposition.

“We’re learning from what San Francisco did so we can do something more effective and reduce the likelihood of a lawsuit,” Worthington said.

The goal is to put the language found in cell phone user manuals in the form of a sticker, where it would be more readily visible to customers, according to Worthington.

“People need to know these things so they can make wise decisions,” Anderson said.

According to Joel Moskowitz, director for the Center for Family and Community Health at the UC Berkeley School of Public Health, more than a dozen nations — including Belgium, France, the United Kingdom and Israel — have issued precautionary health warnings about the use of cell phones.

“The U.S. has been negligent in dealing with this issue,” Moskowitz said. “It’s long overdue.”

Limiting the exposure of children, teens and pregnant women to cell phones is imperative, as youths have developing brains and thinner skulls, and therefore, the risk of brain cancer is likely to be much greater after long-term cell phone use, according to Moskowitz.

The CTIA argued in the past that implementing health warning stickers would violate the First Amendment. In a recent letter to the city of Berkeley, CTIA claimed the stickers would contradict the authority of federal regulatory agencies that have deemed the devices safe for consumer use.

“We’ve been engaging in denial as a society for a long time. Other countries, particularly in the European Union, have been alerting the citizens and the public,” Moskowitz said, adding that the wireless industry’s response toward cell phone use mimics the tobacco industry’s response to tobacco use in the 1950s.

With the discussion of health warning stickers moved off the council’s July 8 agenda in favor of having Lessig review the proposition’s language and make suggestions, Worthington said he plans for the City Council to vote on the proposition for health warning stickers Sept. 9.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Daily Californian, Lydia Tuan, 16 Jul 2014

How U.S. Supreme Court allowed Corporations to gain Legal Immunity
USA Created: 16 Jul 2014
Thrown Out of Court - or: How corporations became people you can't sue.

Note by editor: This is a long article, but recommended reading.
For the impatient, here are some cliff-notes:

Supreme Court has allowed Corporations to include "mandatory arbitration" and class-action bans in contracts.
Arbitration, a form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), is a technique for the resolution of disputes outside the courts.
Arbitration was originally intended as a way to free judges from resolving procedural skirmishes over contracts.
Mandatory arbitration (that all disputes must be settled out of court) has to be agreed upon by both parties entering into a contract and this binding is buried so deep down in the legalize that the public is largely unaware.
In arbitration, the Corporation gets to decide who acts as "judge" and recent Supreme Court rulings have also granted arbiters power to make decisions that are enforceable by law! So this is basically Supreme Court handing Corporations power to write their own laws that real courts must obey. It is a bone-chilling read...


Onwards to the article:

Late last year a massive data hack at Target exposed as many as 110 million consumers around the country to identity theft and fraud. As details of its lax computer security oversight came to light, customers whose passwords and credit card numbers had been stolen banded together to file dozens of class-action lawsuits against the mega-chain-store company. A judge presiding over a consolidated suit will now sort out how much damage was done and how much Target may owe the victims of its negligence. As the case proceeds, documents and testimony pertaining to how the breach occurred will become part of the public record.

All this may seem like an archetypical story of our times, combining corporate misconduct, cyber-crime, and high-stakes litigation. But for those who follow the cutting edge of corporate law, a central part of this saga is almost antiquarian: the part where Target must actually face its accusers in court and the public gets to know what went awry and whether justice gets done.

Two recent U.S. Supreme Court rulings—AT&T Mobility v. Concepcion and American Express v. Italian Colors—have deeply undercut these centuries-old public rights, by empowering businesses to avoid any threat of private lawsuits or class actions. The decisions culminate a thirty-year trend during which the judiciary, including initially some prominent liberal jurists, has moved to eliminate courts as a means for ordinary Americans to uphold their rights against companies. The result is a world where corporations can evade accountability and effectively skirt swaths of law, pushing their growing power over their consumers and employees past a tipping point.

To understand this new legal environment, consider, by contrast, what would have happened if Amazon had exposed its 215 million customer accounts to a security breach similar to Target’s. Since Amazon has taken advantage of the Court’s recent decisions, even Amazon users whose bank accounts were wiped clean as a direct result of the hack would not be able to take the company to court. “The lawsuits against Target would almost certainly not be possible against Amazon,” says Paul Bland, executive director of Public Justice. “It’s got its ‘vaccination against legal accountability’ here.”

*SNIP* ..read the entire article via the source link below...
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Washington Monthly, Lina Khan (w. above comments by H. Eiriksson), 16 Jul 2014

A New Revolutionary Film/DVD: MICROWAVES SCIENCE AND LIES -- See trailer below!
France Created: 15 Jul 2014
For the past ten years worldwide questioning of mobile phone antennas has been increasing. It is based on numerous scientific studies which have revealed the effects of electromagnetic waves on health. Yet, States, industrialists and part of the scientific community claim that health standards protect the public.
By way of following those who launch alerts, citizens, journalists, scientists and electromagnetic hypersensitive people, this film reveals how the mobile phone strategists manipulate science to send out a reassuring message which casts doubts on the knowledge surrounding the harmfulness of this very technology.
The film, which tackles the Wireless Industry from a totally different aspect has been made by: ondesscienceetmanigances.fr/

There are interviews with F.inst. Dr Adkofler and the Investigating Journalist Mona Nilsson

If you are interested in renting/buyng the DVD, you will find instructons on the trailerlink below.
https://vimeo.com/89417454
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Jean Heches/Agnes Ingvarsdottir

England's national parks to get better mobile phone signal
United Kingdom Created: 15 Jul 2014
England's national parks are to get improved mobile phone coverage, following an agreement with the four main UK network operators.

EE, O2, Three and Vodafone have pledged to minimise the "adverse landscape effects" of any new infrastructure.

The National Parks England director told BBC News any new masts needed would be "sensitively located and sensitively designed".

More than 330,000 people live in the parks, covering almost 10% of England.

The accord, signed by National Parks England and the Mobile Operators Association, is designed to tackle so-called "notspots" - areas in which there is no mobile coverage whatsoever.

National Parks England director Paul Hamblin told BBC News some new masts may be built to bolster mobile signal in the natural environments.

Currently, the radio waves that carry mobile phone signals are often obstructed by the terrain in national parks and can be affected by stone buildings, which are harder to penetrate.

The new agreement outlines plans for "mast-sharing, site-sharing, and any other technical advances" that would help protect the areas' environment while increasing connectivity.

The Mobile Operators Association's executive director, John Cooke, said: "There are compelling social and economic reasons for having good mobile connectivity, including mobile broadband, in rural areas... because such connectivity mitigates the disadvantages of greater physical distances and poor transport links.

"Operators have worked well with National Parks England to ensure that the benefits of mobile connectivity reach communities in these beautiful parts of our country and help them survive and thrive in the 21st Century."

A Mountain Rescue England and Wales representative said the organisation welcomed the move, which could improve safety in the parks, but cautioned against complacency.

"It is always helpful if people have a map and a compass," he said, adding that mobile phones were prone to running out of charge, as well as losing connectivity.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: BBC News, Joe Miller, 15 Jul 2014

Dr Erica Mallery-Blythe lecture on EHS diagnosis and management
United Kingdom Created: 14 Jul 2014
Diagnosis and Management of Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity (EHS): Rapid Overview for a mixed audience - presented at the BSEM 2014 conference in London, UK.

Watch the 36 minute video here:
http://vimeo.com/100623585
Click here to view the source article.
Source: BSEM 2014, Dr Erica Mallery-Blythe, 13 Jul 2014

Geoffrey Kabat attacks BioInitiative as "fringe group" in Forbes
USA Created: 11 Jul 2014
New round of attacks from industry apologist Geoffrey Kabat titled: "The New York Times Revisits The "Debate" Over Electromagnetic Fields, Reviving Baseless Fears, While Ignoring What Has Been Learned".

Yesterday, in its Science Times section, the New York Times published a piece by Kenneth Chang titled “Debate Continues on Hazards of Electromagnetic Waves.” The article appears under a new heading “Time Travel,” an occasional column that “explores topics covered in the Science Times 25 years ago to see what has changed – and what has not.”

To fit the new format, Chang referred to a Science Times article from 1989 that discussed the possible adverse health effects from electromagnetic fields (EMF) produced by power lines, electric appliances and machinery, and wiring in the home.

However, in actuality this issue came to prominence ten years earlier, when an article was published claiming that children who lived near power lines were twice as likely to die of cancer as children who were not exposed.

This study was the catalyst for many further studies over the next 3 decades, and many assessments by scientific organizations and health agencies. As a result we have actually learned something about EMF.

But Chang interviewed a professor of public health David O. Carpenter, because he had been interviewed 25 years ago for the Science Times article. Carpenter has long been voicing his concern about EMF, and he tells Chang, “The whole thing is very worrisome. We see the tips of the iceberg, but we have no idea how big the iceberg is. It ought to concern us all.”

According to Carpenter, “Almost nothing has changed in 25 years in terms of the controversy, although the evidence for biological effects of electromagnetic fields continues to grow stronger.”

As the article indicates, much of the concern has shifted away from the extremely-low frequency EMF (ELF-EMF) from power lines and appliances to the higher frequency radiofrequency (RF) waves used by cellular telephones and Wi-Fi.

By getting his update from Professor Carpenter, Chang is getting a highly skewed view of the relevant evidence that has accumulated over the past decades. Carpenter is associated with the Bioinitiative Working Group, a fringe group whose members are convinced that both types of waves (ELF-EMF and RF) are dangerous.

*SNIP* ...read the entire article via the source link below
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Forbes, Geoffrey Kabat, 08 Jul 2014

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