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Li-Fi Gets Ready to Compete With Wi-Fi
USA Created: 21 Nov 2014
As LEDs become a more common source for room lighting, they’re opening a new pathway for linking mobile devices to the Internet, with the potential for wider bandwidth and quicker response time than Wi-Fi. At least that’s what researchers such as Harald Haas, chair of mobile communications at the University of Edinburgh, are hoping.

“All the components, all the mechanisms exist already,” Haas says. “You just have to put them together and make them work.”

Haas’s group, along with researchers from the Universities of ­Cambridge, Oxford, St. Andrews, and Strathclyde, are halfway through a four-year, £5.8 million project funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, in the United Kingdom. They are pursuing ultra­parallel visible light communication, which would use multiple colors of light to provide high-bandwidth linkages over distances of a few meters. Such a Li-Fi system, as it’s been dubbed, could supplement or in some instances replace traditional radio-based Wi-Fi, they say. But taking on such a broadly used radio technology is an uphill battle.

At the IEEE Photonics Conference in October, members of the consortium showed off the progress they’re making. For instance, the team has used commercially available red, green, and blue LEDs as both emitters and as photodiodes to detect light. By doing that, they created a system that could both send and receive data at aggregate rates of 110 megabits per second. When transmitting in one direction only, they reached a rate of 155 Mb/s.

But Haas says that this version is limited by existing LEDs, and by the use of LEDs as transmitters and detectors at the same time. Members of the consortium, however, have created a better LED, which provides a data rate close to 4 gigabits per second operating on just 5 milliwatts of optical output power and using high-­bandwidth photodiodes at the receiver. With a simple lens to enhance the distance, they can send data 10 meters at up to 1.1 Gb/s, and soon they will increase that to 15 Gb/s, Haas says. The 802.11ad Wi-Fi standard for the 60-gigahertz radio band reaches just under 7 Gb/s, so Li-Fi would more than double that rate.

They’re also using avalanche photodiodes to make better receivers. In an avalanche photodiode, a single photon striking the receiver produces a cascade of electrons, amplifying the signal. Haas’s team at the Li-Fi R&D Centre has created the first receiver chip for Li-Fi with integrated avalanche photodiodes on CMOS. The 7.8-square-­milli­meter IC houses 49 photodiodes.

Separately, the Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems, in Dresden, Germany, had announced plans to demonstrate a Li-Fi hot spot in November (after press time) at the Electronica 2014 trade show in Munich. Frank Deicke, who leads the team developing Li-Fi at Fraunhofer, says that the system would most likely use infrared light and is aimed at industrial users rather than consumers. The hot spot was set to be a point-to-point link with a data rate of up to 1 Gb/s.

“You can have more or less the same data rate as over a USB cable,” Deicke says. “That’s very challenging for most wireless technologies, like Wi-Fi and Bluetooth.” Another advantage, says Deicke, is that the latency of Wi-Fi—the time between when a signal is sent and when it’s received—is measured in milli­seconds, whereas Li-Fi’s latency is on the order of microseconds. In industrial applications, where data has to flow between sensors, actuators, and a control unit, low latency and high data rates would make Li-Fi useful in places where Wi-Fi is not. “We don’t want to replace Wi-Fi,” he says. “That’s not our goal.”

But Deicke says Li-Fi could complement existing communications technologies, including Wi-Fi and gigabit Ethernet. For now, his group is not focusing on combining it with general lighting, as Haas proposes.

A group of European academic researchers and networking companies is aiming for the consumer market, though. The group is working on a project called Advanced Convergent and Easily Manageable Innovative Network Design (ACEMIND) to develop ways to manage local networks in homes and small businesses. ­ACEMIND includes a number of demonstrator projects to test different technologies, including Li-Fi. Dmitris Katsianis at the University of Athens, who is a participant in ACEMIND, thinks Li-Fi might be in practical use within the next five years. “Li-Fi has the advantage of being useful in electromagnetically sensitive areas such as in hospitals, aircraft cabins, and power plants,” he says.

Haas is counting on a much bigger market. He expects LEDs to evolve past just being light sources, much the same way the cellphone evolved from a communications device to a mobile computer. “In 25 years, every lightbulb in your house will have the processing power of your cellphone today,” he says. “It will in the future serve illumination as just one of many purposes.”
Click here to view the source article.
Source: IEEE Spectrum, Neil Savage, 20 Nov 2014

Flere søger behandling for hovedpine
Denmark Created: 21 Nov 2014
Hovedpineambulatoriet har de seneste år modtaget et stigende antal patienter fra hele landet.

De fleste kender den bankende smerte i tindingen eller prikkende smerter lige bag øjnene. Hovedpine er en udbredt lidelse og de seneste år har et stigende antal borgere søgt behandling for smerterne.

Det oplever man på Hovedpineambulatoriet i Esbjerg, hvor blandt andre ledende overlæge Marry-Jette Rasmussen tager imod patienterne:

- Der kommer rigtig rigtig mange, og de kommer jo fra hele landet, så vi har nok at lave, siger hun.
Effektiviseringer skyld i hovedpine

Hovedpineambulatoriet i Esbjerg åbnede i 2011, og en del af forklaringen på det stigende antal patienter, skyldes ifølge Marry-Jette Rasmussen, at folk lige skulle opdage stedet:

- Men det skyldes også, at der bliver flere og flere patienter med hovedpine i det hele taget. Jeg tror, at det skyldes den effektivisering, der sker på mange arbejdspladser, og det giver stress og hovedpine, siger hun.
Neurologbesøg giver kortere ventetid

Hovedpineambulatoriet i Esbjerg har haft ventelister på op mod 700 patienter. Så man har valgt at lukke for tilgangen af patienter, som bliver henvist fra egen læge.

Nu kræver det et besøg hos en neurolog, før man kan blive henvist til et forløb på ambulatoriet. Det gør, at ventetiden i Esbjerg nu er nede på 2-3 måneder.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: DR.dk, Stine Mie Kristiansen og Anton Gundersen Lihn, 21 Nov 2014

New book: Electro Hyper Sensitivity - EHS - Daily Life
France Created: 21 Nov 2014
From: ROBIN DES TOITS
33 rue d'Amsterdam 75008 Paris, France
Tél. : 33 1 47 00 96 33
E-mail : contact@robindestoits.org
http://www.robindestoits.org

We are pleased to inform you of the publishing in English of the book:

Electro Hyper Sensitivity - EHS - Daily Life

It has been translated from the French by a team of volunteers.
You can reserve it today.

It will be sent to you on around December 1st, 2014

The book in French is still available.
The price: EURO. 14.- Postage is free.

http://order-book-ehs-english.blogspot.co.uk/p/commander-le-livre.html
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Ahmes Ingvarsdottir

Fears over pesticide firms´ role in Bee study, But No such fears over Wireless Industy Interference in EMR studies!!
United Kingdom Created: 20 Nov 2014
Why pesticides are so harmful to bees (Please read cooments by editor below)
New concerns have been raised on tests of pesticides that are harmful for bees, we explain how important an issue this is
Neonicotinoid (NNI) pesticides are used to protect crop seeds from damage cause by pests. They are most commonly used on oil seed rape.
Chemicals are absorbed into the plant making all parts of it – including pollen and nectar – poisonous to insects.
Read the whole articlel at link: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/agriculture/farming/11239764/Why-pesticides-are-so-harmful-to-bees.html

Comments by editor:
Repeted History: This was once the same with the Asbestos Industry, the Tobacco Industry, the Pharmacautical Industry, and in the Very end that got stopped, but actually Only when So Many People Had Been Hurt and/or Died that it had had Serious effects on the Public Treasury, because of the cost of careing for the seriously Ill and Dying.

But, and a VERY BIG BUT!
The same Fears Do NOT Seem To Apply to "The New Dirty Kid On The Block" the Wireless Industry, which "Technology" is by now health affecting ca. 9% of Any Given National Population!
So are we to Believe that as long as our Authorities can Milk some profits from these Industries, they (Industry) will be able to ride roughshod over Us citizens and our wellbeeing??
And that Only when a Industry is No Longer Profitable (cost more in health care than in Treasury profit) will they suddenly remember that a large percentage of the population is health affected in such a degree that they now have to live inside Improvised "Farraday Cages" they call HOME! as they Cannot Possibly Go Anywhere Else??
Perfectly fit people otherwise, But totally dependant on Others to deal with the world Outside the Farraday!

The spokesmann for the Bees is Zac Goldsmith!
Well, Where are you now Zac Goldsmith? Doing your Twitter?
You once opposed a Mobile Mast installation near to YOUR Home, but seem to have No Objections to them beeing installed NEXT TO OURS!!
It might be wise to show some action here, Election Next Year and All!
Best regards.
Agnes
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Agnes Ingvarsdottir

Family takes refuge from Wi-Fi
Canada Created: 19 Nov 2014
Samantha Boutet did not plan on becoming something of an expert on electromagnetic radiation.

In fact, when her daughter became ill in 2009, electromagnetic radiation (EMR) was the last thing she considered.

Her daughter, Amelia, nine at the time, began getting headaches and migraines every day. The family, which was living in the Lower Mainland at the time, had everything they could think of checked out – her eyes, her neck – but the doctor couldn’t figure out what was wrong.

They realized the only time the headache vanished was for three or four days when the family went camping.

“She continued to get worse and worse and worse at school,” says Boutet, explaining that along with the headaches, her daughter began experiencing heart palpitations, dizziness and an inability to concentrate.

Boutet, a naturopath, began getting calls from the school, and teachers suggested perhaps it was anxiety. She was skeptical because her daughter hadn’t been showing any signs of anxiety at home.

They eventually went to BC Children’s Hospital in Vancouver, but a pediatrician there couldn’t explain the migraines.

Then, by chance, Boutet was at a Halloween party where some parents were talking about a documentary on Wi-Fi in schools and how the electromagnetic radiation was making some children sick.

Boutet watched the program and saw how children in Ontario and on Vancouver Island were being affected – and their symptoms matched her daughter’s.

Boutet went to the classroom where her daughter had spent the previous year and saw there was a Wi-Fi router on the wall, about 20 feet away from where she had been sitting.

Routers were also on the walls of the hallways, where her daughter’s dizziness was worse. Boutet said the signal in the school had to be stronger than usual because there was so much cement to navigate.

A trip to the school board generated no result, so Boutet eventually decided to take both her daughters out of school.

“After two weeks, there was quite a good improvement… All symptoms decreased dramatically once we took her out of school.”

She noted that the process for the school board was to register the complaint with their health and safety officer, who checks with Health Canada. Health Canada says Wi-Fi is safe, so the safety officer reports that to the school board.

Boutet notes that the International Agency for Research on Cancer has classified radio frequency electromagnetic fields as Group 2B, ‘possibly carcinogenic to humans.’

She likens the issue to that of tobacco in earlier days.

There were no precautionary warnings on cigarette smoking until court cases forced the issue, she says. Meanwhile, regulatory bodies had been relying on research on cigarettes funded by the tobacco industry.

Similarly, she says, the World Health Organization’s research comes from Motorola.

Boutet has faced her share of skeptics, and she urges them to do independent research.

“I ask them to think critically about the industry itself, think about tobacco, and I also ask them to think about their compassion.”

Boutet notes people have strong emotional reaction to the suggestion that the proliferation of electromagnetic radiation might not be good for them. She suspects that’s because the addiction to technology is so widespread and people don’t like the idea of having to change their lifestyles. She says change would be healthier overall, particularly when there’s a connection between EMR and colony collapse in bees.

“The right to have a clean environment is being taken away from us and we can’t really realize it.”

Boutet took her convictions to a recent all-candidates meeting on microwave radiation, where she was asked to speak of her experiences.

Her family moved away from the Lower Mainland to escape all the pollution from cell phone towers and Wi-Fi that spills nearly everywhere because of the density there. Her husband had to stay, though, in order to make a living.

After several moves, Boutet’s family is living in the Shuswap. She was pleasantly surprised to find people here who take the issue seriously and whose homes are accessible and welcoming.

“This is a better place for us as we have people who understand.”
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Salmon Arm Observer, Martha Wickett, 19 Nov 2014

Cell phone free and loving it
Malaysia Created: 17 Nov 2014
And a side effect of that radio silence is that Green Bank, population 143, has become a mecca for people who are sick -- literally -- of electromagnetic waves.

In this rural speck of hyper-connected America, it’s easier to hear a cow moo than a cell phone ring.

That’s because Green Bank is home to the world’s most sensitive radio telescope, a device that catches the birth and death of stars and signals so faint they are mere whispers from space.

And, since the electronics of mobile phones and WiFi grids would mess with that delicate task, here technology that’s taken for granted in much of the world is severely restricted or banned outright.

And a side effect of that radio silence is that Green Bank, population 143, has become a mecca for people who are sick — literally — of electromagnetic waves.

They claim the migraines and other ailments they blamed on cell phones go away.

Charles Meckna, 53, is one such refugee. He moved here in July from Nebraska in the Mid-West, fleeing electromagnetic waves he said were making him seriously ill.

For him, the radio telescope is a savior.

“If we happen to lose the radiotelescope, it’s done,” Mecka said, as he built a shed outside his small home in this town 350 kilometers (220 miles) east of Washington, DC.

Green Bank and the area around it in Pocahontas County are in the heart of a so-called “Quiet Zone” declared in 1958 to shield scientists’ super-keen eye on the universe.

Standing 150 meters (500 feet) tall, with a white dish 100 meters (330 feet) in diameter, the telescope operates day and night capturing signals from space.

“We can look at the birth of stars, the death of stars,” said Michael Holstine, business manager at what is formally known as the National Radio Astronomy Laboratory.

“This is the most sensitive radio telescope on the planet,” he said.

It can detect a signal that has the equivalent energy to the impact of one snowflake hitting the ground. But to achieve that, the radio environment has to be hush-hush quiet.

A one-of-a-kind “National Radio Quiet Zone” is observed around the telescope over an area of 33,000 square kilometers (13,000 square miles).

Radio transmissions have to be at a frequency as low as possible.

In a radius of 16 kilometers (10 miles) around the telescope, anything that gives off a radio wave — WiFi, cell phones, TV remote controls or micro-wave ovens — is banned or restricted.

When you are trying to monitor a quasar, for example — super-distant, massive celestial objects that give off tremendous amounts of energy — a cell phone signal is like a loud, bothersome noise, Holstine said.

“A quasar typically gives a signal which is a billionth of a billionth of a billionth of a watt. A cell phone is about two watts,” he said.

“It will completely drown out what the astronomers are trying to receive,” he added.

Electromagnetic hypersensitivity

The bottom line for non-astronomer earthlings is that dozens of people have come here seeking relief from an ailment called electromagnetic hypersensitivity.

A former construction foreman, Meckna now lives with his wife a few miles from the telescope.

He had been sick since the 1990s but took a long time to conclude the culprit was his cell phone.

“I didn’t even make the correlation,” he said, adding that the beginning of his woes his doctor gave him anti-depressants.

He suffered nausea, migraines and irregular heartbeat every time he got near a Wifi source. After two weeks in Green Bank, the headaches went away.

“I feel much better. I can have a life again,” said Meckna.

Still, it is not all gravy. Rather, he feels a bit trapped. “I am a prisoner and I hate it,” he said.

Diane Schou, who also suffered after an antenna was set up near her farm in Iowa, said she was essentially forced to come to Green Bank, her home since 2007.

“There is really no choice — to live here or to live elsewhere and have headaches,” said Schou, who is in her 50s.

Her pain was so awful she spent a time living inside a room built by her husband as a sort of “Faraday cage” — an enclosure built of conductive material, in her case aluminum, that blocks electric fields.

“At least here, I feel I have a future. I can dream what I am going to do. I can invite people over,” said Schou.

But she takes care to use any gadgets in her home with the utmost care.

She has a computer, which is hooked up to her landline phone and “very slow.” She turns it on a few minutes every day to see emails from her husband, who comes to live with her a few months of the year.

Electromagnetic hypersensitivity, a growing source of concern in a world more connected each day, is not formally classified as a disease by the World Health Organization, although it does acknowledge its existence.

Some studies blame electromagnetic waves but others call it a psychosomatic problem.

The WHO says it plans to carry out a formal assessment in 2016 of the risk posed by the world’s billions of cell phones.

Back in Green Bank, at Trent’s, a grocery store and gas station, the absence of cell phones is not a worry.

“We’ve never had cell phones here so I have never missed them,” cashier Betty Mullenax said with a chuckle.

- AFP
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Free Malaysia Today, 17 Nov 2014

Consultation on WHO’s EHC on RF is a sham – decision of 'no health effects' was made already
Australia Created: 17 Nov 2014
On November 11, 2014, in Wollongong, Australia, took place workshop organized by ICNIRP, ACEBR and ARPANSA. The workshop briefly presented and reviewed opinions of ICNIRP about the health hazard of RF exposures. Following the ICNIRP/ACEBR/ARPANSA workshop was the Science & Wireless (S&W) 2014 event dedicated to the EHS.

I will write more about the individual presentations later, when I return from my lecture tour of Australia.

For now, I can say that the general outcome of the workshop and the S&W2014 event can be summarized in a simple Australian Crocodile Dundee’s saying: “no worries mate”.

This worries me a lot… and here is why…

*SNIP* read the entire article via the source link below...
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Blog BRHP, Dariusz Leszczynski, 16 Nov 2014

Recordings from the EESC hearing on EHS
Belgium Created: 16 Nov 2014
Dear all, here are the recordings from the European Economic and Social Committee open hearing on electrohypersensitivity in Brussels 04 November 2014.

Mast-Victims.org brought a audio-recorder to the hearing.

Go here for a complete playlist of the 11 recordings in sequence:
https://soundcloud.com/mastvictims/sets/eesc-hearing-on-electrohypersensitivity

To play a track: hover the mouse over the track-thumbnail and click the orange "play" arrow.

To download a track as MP3 file: hover the mouse over the track-title and click the download icon (last one on right).

Notes:
Some speakers did not speak English and on those recordings the English interpretation is overlaid.
On track #3 the interpreter comes in at approx. 3½ minutes (apologies for the delay, due to technical difficulties).
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Mast-Victims.org, H.Eiriksson, 16 Nov 2014

Europe starts to take EHS / ES seriously
Belgium Created: 15 Nov 2014
The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) has held a public hearing on electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS/ES) on 4th November 2014, attended by about 50 people, followed by a working group meeting in the afternoon to decide on how best to move forward on the EHS issue. The idea of the hearing was apparently their own, submitted by Bernardo Hernández Bataller. The group think the European Commission should pay more attention to this issue.

Who are the EESC?
It is an EU advisory body acting as a bridge between Europe and organized civil society. "The European Parliament, the Council and the Commission shall be assisted by an Economic and Social Committee and a Committee of the Regions acting in an advisory capacity." (Treaty on European Union, Article 13.4). It is an assembly of 353 members representing civil society from the 28 Member States of the EU. Members are appointed for a renewable five-year term by the Council of Ministers on the basis of lists drawn up by the national governments. It sends its opinions to the EU Parliament, the EC and Consilium.

What they are saying so far:
Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) is causing distress and loss of quality of life to a growing number of Europeans. The most common sources of Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) pollution are mobile phone masts, cordless phones and Wi-Fi routers installed in the homes. All these emit microwaves permanently (24/7) in the places where they are installed.

Each day the number of EHS sufferers increases, and they often have to deal with the scepticism of doctors and misdiagnoses. According to new estimates, between 3% and 5% of the population are electro-sensitive, meaning that some 13 million Europeans may suffer from this syndrome, which has various names (electro-sensitivity, Wi-Fi syndrome, microwave syndrome, electromagnetic hypersensitivity, etc.).

Ever since the adoption of its opinion on the EU GSM Directive (TEN/308) in 2008, the EESC has been concerned with the ongoing protection of the public against electromagnetic radiation from electronic communications, such as internet usage, and other household equipment that forms part of the information society.

As part of the opinion work, local authorities, transport services, as well as cultural, sports and leisure centres will be consulted on their practices to install wireless internet connections. In recent technological developments, WiMAX environments (similar to Wi-Fi but longer-range), have started to emit constant electromagnetic pollution. The opinion might also advocate enhanced efforts at EU, Member State, regional and local level to identify, minimise and prevent exposure both at home and in the workplace, allowing citizens to live in places free from electromagnetic pollution, so-called white areas. The EESC can act as trusted adviser towards these stakeholders.

What is the time-scale?
4-Nov-2014: Working Document
5-Dec-2014: Preliminary Draft Opinion
7-Jan-2015: Draft Opinion
21-22-Jan-2015: Plenary Opinion

Powerwatch Comments: We are pleased at this initiative to take EHS issues seriously across the EU. Powerwatch and other EMF and EHS organisations were taken by surprise, hearing about this meeting only 9 days before it happened. That led to a large number of emails, Skype and telephone calls to find out who had the time (etc) to attend and present information to the hearing. Somehow the organisation had failed to invite any of the many EHS/ES groups across Europe. We believe this was a genuine administration error rather than an effort to keep us away!

Short presentations, by the following people, were made on why the EU should deal with EHS, and the best approach to use.

Susana Galera Rodrigo, Professor of Administrative Law, King Juan Carlos University Madrid
Isaac Jamieson, Member of the group of stakeholders on electromagnetic fields for DG SANCO
Olle Johansson, Professor of Neuroscience, The Experimental Dermatology Unit, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm
Marc Cendrier, Robin des Toits (Association Nationale pour la Securité Sanitaire dans les Technologies sans fil), France
Inés Ayala Sender, Member of the European Parliament

The presentations were followed by a debate with the audience and the rapporteur's notes taken to the afternoon meeting of the EESC study group on electromagnetic hypersensitivity.

Isaac Jamieson gave a very informative presentation which showed that that whilst many studies indicate impacts as a result of exposure, there were others that showed no impact or were neutral/inconclusive. This included the results of the review of 919 studies by Rahmani et al (2011) documenting the percentages of EMF studies that revealed either impact, no impact or were neutral/inconclusive. He also mentioned Cucurachi et al (2013) obtaining similar results in their review of 113 studies, with the majority revealing impacts as a result of exposure. He discussed the potential costs that may arise if individuals are detrimentally affected by EMFs and best practice measures that could be applied to reduce risk.

Olle Johansson concentrated on the difference between treating EHS as a functional impairment, as in Sweden, as opposed to as a disease, and he was really quite eloquent and made some good points, not really about EMFs as such but about societal attitudes to disability and equality - which is the angle the EESC is going for - i.e. to prevent social exclusion due to the almost universal electrosmog now present around us.

Marc Cendrier gave a good presentation and he also presented a formal statement on behalf of the EHS of Europe [2]. Electrosensibles Derecho Salud and UneTerrePourLesEHS had rushed to prepare this joint statement for submission to the EESC TEN study group on EHS by presentation at the meeting.

Many people there were asserting the "there is plenty enough evidence to conclude that EMFs cause EHS" position, but the debate felt less heated than is often the case. However, at the end two people from the mobile industry's MMF accused one pro-precaution speaker of misrepresentation but also ridiculously claimed that there is no point in reducing exposure because existing exposure levels are already 100% safe. One said that you can't apply the precautionary principle because there is already no risk, and you can't label equipment with emission values because they are all already "safe" and you can't have "safer than safe" (a direct quote). That, predictably and understandably, provoked some reaction from other people, but the meeting was running out of time by then so the argument didn't really develop.

So, for most of the time, the main issues in play were exploring appropriate measures to take, and doing so in a fairly constructive way, barring a few extremes. There was some arcane but probably quite important discussion about what the various articles of the various treaties allow the EU to do; broadly, the Commission or Commission-aligned voices were arguing that the responsibility lies with member states, but other people were saying there is more that the EU can do, for example using single-market rules to require common provisions for equipment, or requiring public consultation, and which it has done in other areas.

There seems some hope that the Committee might well come up with something reasonably balanced, in that they seem to be aware both of the amount of public concern and the seriousness of the issue for sufferers, and also of the need for proportionality and for a sense of the realistic; but one person's "proportionality" is another person's "disgraceful failure to take sufficient action" and another person's "throwing the science away on a tide of hysterical emotion", so we'll have to see what they actually say in their published Opinion which is due in January.

However, the European Commission will take quite a lot of persuading to take any new action unless their own processes (primarily SCENIHR) give them a justification or a push, which is unlikely. However, the current signs at the EESC are suggesting that their opinion will support a more precautionary stance to help EHS people from being excluded from being able to take part in modern public life.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Powerwatch, Alasdair Philips, 04 Nov 2014

Kilder: USA bruger falske telefonmaster på fly til at indsamle mobildata
Denmark Created: 14 Nov 2014
Myndighederne i USA indsamler store mængder data fra mobiltelefoner ved hjælp af en slags falske telefonmaster placeret på fly.

Det skriver avisen Wall Street Journal, der har talt med en række anonyme kilder med kendskab til metoden.

Ifølge avisen er mobilmasterne placeret på mindre fly, der regelmæssigt flyver fra mindst fem større amerikanske lufthavne og afdækker størstedelen af USA.

Ved hjælp af de falske mobilmaster kan amerikanske myndigheder samle data fra både kriminelle og uskyldige amerikanere uden at bede de store mobiloperatører om tilladelse.

Kan indsamle data fra masser af telefoner

Udstyret bruges i Boeing-producerede Cessna-fly og manipulerer folks mobiltelefoner til at tro, at de kommunikerer med normale mobilmaster. Dermed får myndighederne adgang til store mængder private data.

I løbet af en enkelt flyvning kan flyene angiveligt indsamle data fra titusindvis af mobiltelefoner.

Målet med de falske master er ifølge Wall Street Journal officielt at lokalisere mistænkte kriminelle. Systemet er så præcist, at det kan finde frem til en person med blot tre meters usikkerhed.

Programmet er angiveligt drevet af U.S. Marshals Service, der ligger under det amerikanske justitsministerium. Systemet har været anvendt siden 2007.

Lever op til krav

Ifølge Wall Street Journal har programmet meget til fælles med et andet program, som bliver benyttet af efterretningstjenesten NSA, der indhenter samtaledata fra millioner af mobiltelefoner hver dag både i USA og resten af verden.

En topembedsmand fra USA's justitsministerium ønsker hverken at be- eller afkræfte eksistensen af de falske master. Embedsmanden understreger, at justitsministeriet lever op til de gældende lovkrav på området.

//ritzau
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Politiken, ritzau, 14 Nov 2014

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