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Electromagnetic Radiation due to Cellular, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth technologies: How safe are we?
India Created: 9 Mar 2020
Surprisingly, this article has been accepted for publication by the IEEE even though it concludes that use of wireless equipment is definitely hazardous.

ABSTRACT: The electromagnetic radiation (EMR) emitted out of wireless communication modules invarious electronic devices have been identified by researchers as biologically hazardous to humans as well as other living beings.

Different countries have different regulations to limit the radiation density levels caused by these devices.

The radiation absorbed by an individual depends on various factors such as the device they use, the proximity of use, the type of antenna, the relative orientation of the antenna on the device, and many more.

Several standards exist which have tried to quantify the radiation levels and come up with safe limits of EMR absorption to prevent human harm. In this work, we determine the radiation concern levels in several scenarios using a handheld radiation meter by correlating the findings with several international standards, which are determined based on thorough scientific evidence.

This study also analyzes the EMR from common devices used in day to day life such as smartphones, laptops, Wi-Fi routers, hot-spots, wireless earphones, smartwatches, Bluetooth speakers and other wireless accessories using a handheld radio frequency radiation measurement device.

The procedure followed in this paper isso presented that it can also be utilized by the general public as a tutorial to evaluate their own safety with respect to EMR exposure.

We present a summary of the most prominent health hazards which have been known to occur due to EMR exposure. We also discuss some individual and collective human-centric protective and preventive measures that can be undertaken to reduce the risk of EMR absorption. This paper analyses radiation safety in pre-5G networks and uses the insight gained to raises valuable concerns regarding EMR safety in the upcoming 5G networks.

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Source: IEEE, Naren et al., 26 Feb 2020

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