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5G is testing the limits of trust
Finland Created: 14 Apr 2021
In 2020, the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) published updated safety guidelines for exposures to radio-frequency radiation (RF-EMF) emitted by wireless communication devices and networks, such as mobile phones or mobile phone base stations. This publication replaced the ICNIRP 1998 RF-EMF guidelines.

These guidelines, recommended by the World Health Organization, have been adopted by a majority of countries around the world, becoming part of their wireless regulatory framework. US uses IEEE/ICES and FCC guidelines, but seeks to “harmonize” with the ICNIRP guidelines.

Safety according to ICNIRP

The basic principle underlying these safety guidelines is that, according to ICNIRP, the only proven health-related effects induced by this kind of radiation exposure are those that occur when the temperature of human tissue is increased by more than 1 degree Celsius — the so-called thermal effects.

When the temperature of human tissue does not increase by more than 1 degree Celsius, the radiation is considered by ICNIRP to be harmless to human health. In their opinion, the level of radiation emitted by wireless devices meeting ICNIRP safety guidelines is insufficient to cause a health-affecting increase in temperature in human tissue. Furthermore, according to ICNIRP’s review of science, there are no proven effects occurring without such a temperature increase.

Given that ICNIRP considers that only thermal effects of radiation exposure can cause health effects, ICNIRP has designed safety guidelines to protect users from any thermal effects that could affect health. In ICNIRP’s opinion, prevention of thermal effects by the currently used safety limits is sufficient to protect the health of all users.

However, there is a long list of experimentally-observed biological effects in animals or in cells grown in the laboratory, that have been induced by exposures to wireless radiation at levels well below the current exposure limits set by ICNIRP. Scientists are concerned that if such non-thermal effects were to occur in users, they might lead to health effects.

According to ICNIRP’s understanding of science, these non-thermal effects should not be happening. However, unless all scientists observing non-thermal effects are hallucinating, there is something wrong with ICNIRP’s evaluation of the scientific evidence.

ICNIRP’s guidelines, in addition to being set to prevent only thermal effects, are also based only on short-term, acute exposures (from minutes to hours). The guidelines do not provide information on whether they will be protective for continuous and long-term exposures, those lasting from months to decades. Thus, while there is available published research on the acute effects, those that occur during or shortly after exposure, there is very little research on long-term chronic exposures. This suggests that applying ICNIRP guidelines to long-term exposures is based on an assumption of safety and not on the scientific evidence.

The ICNIRP guidelines are also being promoted as protective for all users, no matter their age or health status. ICNIRP claims that whether it be the growing and developing body of a small child, the ailing body of an old person with chronic or potentially lethal diseases, or the robust body of a young and healthy adult — all are equally protected.

Since experimenting on humans is limited, for obvious ethical reasons, we must look to epidemiological studies to examine the long-term effects of exposures in people. These studies on long-term biological effects and health can take many years to complete, and often present real-world limitations, thus there are few such studies completed from which to draw. This means that there is not much scientific evidence assuring that the ICNIRP’s safety guidelines apply to all persons, no matter their age or health status, and no matter how long they have used wireless devices. It suggests, again, that the application of ICNIRP guidelines equally to young and old, healthy and sick, is based solely on the assumption of safety and not on the available scientific evidence.

The workings of ICNIRP

Looking at the membership of ICNIRP, it is easy to notice that all members have very similar opinions on the issue of RF-EMF and health. All ICNIRP members have expressed nearly the same opinion, that RF-EMF is absolutely and completely safe for use by everyone, as long as its levels are within the safety limits advised by ICNIRP.

It is interesting to note that science evaluations by ICNIRP experts are frequently contradicted by researchers not involved in ICNIRP activities. Even more interestingly, ICNIRP members, when placed on various national scientific committees in the company of other, non-ICNIRP, scientists, sometimes arrive at conclusions that contradict ICNIRP opinions.

Recently, these disagreeing opinions were published by:

BERENIS in Switzerland
The Health Council of the Netherlands
US FDA 2020 Report

For the majority of users of wireless technology, ICNIRP is merely an acronym. They hear that ICNIRP claims to be about science only, void of any influences, be it from the industry or from government radiation regulatory bodies. However, not many users are aware of how ICNIRP operates in practice. Consider:

1. ICNIRP is a group of about a dozen scientists who claim not to represent anyone else but themselves.

2. ICNIRP claims to be void of any lobbying influence from the industry and from the national radiation protection organizations.

3. Retiring members of ICNIRP are replaced by new members who are selected by current members.

4. ICNIRP’s selection criteria, and their justifications for selecting particular new members, are not publicly available. Only ICNIRP members know why a person has been selected to join their group.

5. ICNIRP is not responsible to any entity for the scientific decisions they make.

6. No one has controls over how ICNIRP arrives at their recommended safety guidelines.

7. There is no oversight of ICNIRP’s activities by anyone.

8. ICNIRP has no legal responsibility for their scientific opinions.

The legal responsibility

ICNIRP safety guidelines are what they say, just guidelines. No one is legally bound to use them. This means that even if the guidelines were proven to be in error, nobody could legally sue ICNIRP for this error.

The telecom industry and the national radiation protection organizations, however, in choosing to use ICNIRP safety guidelines, becomes legally responsible for any health hazard caused by the radiation-emitting devices they produce, even if they comply with the ICNIRP guidelines. Once the telecom and the national radiation protection organizations accept and use ICNIRP safety guidelines, it is they, and not ICNIRP, that has legal responsibility should the devices ever be shown to cause health harm.

In short, ICNIRP members are responsible only before ‘God and History’ for whatever right or wrong decisions ICNIRP may make.

To understand the significance of this complete lack of oversight or control of ICNIRP activities, it is necessary to remember that the safety guidelines developed by ICNIRP are the sole guidance used by the industry that manufactures and operates wireless communication hardware and infrastructure throughout most of the world.

In essence, ICNIRP safety guidelines justify the workings of the telecom industry, which, in 2019, had an annual worth, globally, of about 1.74 trillion US$ - ICNIRP, the organization that claims total independence from any outside interests, that acts without any external control or oversight, and that is not responsible to anyone for their scientific decisions.

ICNIRP and 5G safety

The currently ongoing deployment of the new 5th generation of wireless communication, 5G, has further stimulated debate on the validity of ICNIRP’s safety guidelines.

What will be new in 5G wireless communications is the use of millimeter-waves, with frequencies from over 20 GHz up to 300 GHz. While millimeter-waves can transfer large amounts of data, they have a problem with how far they can be transmitted, and with the limits of their penetration ability. This will cause a very dense deployment of base stations (cell antennas) throughout neighborhoods (roughly, one small base station on every second lamppost), and will require base stations inside buildings. This means that in a few years, when 5G is fully deployed, city environments will be virtually saturated with the millimeter-wave radiation.

ICNIRP, in its 2020 safety guidelines, assures us that the health of users will be completely protected. However, how does ICNIRP know that?

The research on millimeter-waves and health is extremely limited. Several recently published science reviews have searched various data-bases, and have found only a very limited number of studies dealing with the health effects of millimeter-waves. The vast majority of science published on 5G millimeter-waves deals with radiation measurements and dosimetry, not with the biological and health effects.

In 2019, Simkó and Mattsson published a review of just 97 experimental studies.
In 2020, Leszczynski published a review of just 99 experimental studies.
In 2021, Karipidis et al. published a review of just 107 experimental studies.

Most of this millimeter wave research consists of small, in vitro or animal studies that are of low practical value when developing public health protection guidelines. This lack of research studies causes confusion and problems within communities. When users ask for the scientific evidence of the effects of 5G millimeter-waves on health, they do not get answers because the research has not been done. It is not possible to prove that 5G is safe. However, it would be possible to perform a sufficient number of research studies on 5G and health to show whether the health effects are minimal or even negligible. At this point in time such scientific evidence does not exist.

However, interestingly and worryingly, ICNIRP Chairman Rodney Croft, Professor of Psychology at the University of Wollongong in Australia, has recently stated in an interview with “The Feed” on Australian TV on June 16, 2020:

“There is no harm associated with 5G”

“Look, it’s very true that the amount of studies that specifically look at 5G are very limited, but from a science perspective that just isn’t relevant”

In summary,

· ICNIRP is an organization that functions without any control or oversight, either scientific or legal.

· There is no control over whether or not telecom industry or national radiation protection organizations are actively lobbying ICNIRP.

· ICNIRP trivializes the lack of research on 5G millimeter-waves and health, as expressed by the ICNIRP Chairman.

· The opinions expressed and decisions made by ICNIRP members are considered not sufficiently science-based by national science groups in several countries, as well as a number of prominent scientists.

· While members of ICNIRP do not have any legal responsibility for their scientific opinions, the telecom industry that uses ICNIRP safety guidelines for their products does have legal responsibility should their devices cause health harm.

In this scientifically and legally complex situation, there is an urgent need to perform an independent validation of the results of ICNIRP’s review of science and of the validity of the ICNIRP safety guidelines.

**********

Acknowledgement: I am grateful to M.M. Glaser for English editing.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Medium / BlogBHRP, Dariusz Leszczynski, 13 Apr 2021

Manmade Electromagnetic Fields and Oxidative Stress - Biological Effects and Consequences for Health
Switzerland Created: 9 Apr 2021
Abstract: Concomitant with the ever-expanding use of electrical appliances and mobile communication systems, public and occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) in the extremely-low-frequency and radiofrequency range has become a widely debated environmental risk factor for health.

Radiofrequency (RF) EMF and extremely-low-frequency (ELF) MF have been classified as possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).

The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), potentially leading to cellular or systemic oxidative stress, was frequently found to be influenced by EMF exposure in animals and cells.

In this review, we summarize key experimental findings on oxidative stress related to EMF exposure from animal and cell studies of the last decade.

The observations are discussed in the context of molecular mechanisms and functionalities relevant to health such as neurological function, genome stability, immune response, and reproduction.

Most animal and many cell studies showed increased oxidative stress caused by RF-EMF and ELF-MF. In order to estimate the risk for human health by manmade exposure, experimental studies in humans and epidemiological studies need to be considered as well.

Open access article. See source link below.

Keywords: oxidative stress; ROS; electromagnetic field; extremely low frequency; radiofrequency; environment and public health; environmental exposure; animal study; cultured cells
Click here to view the source article.
Source: BERENIS, Mevissen et al., 06 Apr 2021

LG is getting out of the mobile phone business
USA Created: 5 Apr 2021
After years of trying to turn its fortunes around, Korea's LG said it would exit the mobile phone business globally.

Between the lines: The phone business is a hard one to make profitable for all but the largest players. LG was once one of those, but hasn't been for many years, and had no clear path to change that.

"LG’s strategic decision to exit the incredibly competitive mobile phone sector will enable the company to focus resources in growth areas such as electric vehicle components, connected devices, smart homes, robotics, artificial intelligence and business-to-business solutions, as well as platforms and services," the company said in a statement.

LG had said several months ago that it was reviewing its options, including a potential exit from the business.

Of note: LG said it will take until July to wind down its business and sell current inventory.

LG said it will continue to service and support phones for a period of time.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Axios, Ina Fried, 05 Apr 2021

Not April Fools: Wi-Fi devices to become mini-radar trackers by 2024 with planned upgrade
USA Created: 1 Apr 2021
As Wi-Fi becomes more and more present in public and private spaces, it becomes natural to leverage its ubiquitousness to implement groundbreaking wireless sensing applications such as human presence detection, activity recognition, and object tracking, just to name a few.

This paper reports ongoing efforts by the IEEE 802.11bf Task Group (TGbf), which is defining the appropriate modifications to existing Wi-Fi standards to enhance sensing capabilities through 802.11-compliant waveforms.

We summarize objectives and timeline of TGbf, and discuss some of the most interesting proposed technical features discussed so far.

We also introduce a roadmap of research challenges pertaining to Wi-Fi sensing and its integration with future Wi-Fi technologies and emerging spectrum bands, hoping to elicit further activities by both the research community and TGbf.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Arxiv, Francesco Restuccia, 27 Mar 2021

Dutch Court rules mobile basestations can harm human health
Holland Created: 29 Mar 2021
A Dutch court has found that low levels of radiation from a mobile phone base station could potentially harm health.

In a judgement delivered on 18 December 2020 in the district Court of Gelderland, the judge found in favour of a plaintiff who opposed the construction of a 40-metre transmitter approximately 500 metres from his home that had been approved by the local council.

The judgement stated, ‘In the opinion of the court, considering all arguments, with reference to scientific literature, it cannot be ruled out that there are increased health risks even at a field strength lower than 1 V / m, and thus also in the plaintiff's case. The court therefore classifies the plaintiff as an interested party. The appeal is well-founded.’

Case number AWB - 19 _ 2184;
https://uitspraken.rechtspraak.nl/inziendocument?id=ECLI:NL:RBGEL:2020:6699
(in Dutch)
Source: EMR Australia, email newsletter, 26 Mar 2021

New 5G protocol vulnerabilities allow location tracking
USA Created: 29 Mar 2021
Security researchers have identified new vulnerabilities in the 5G protocol that could be abused to crash network segments and extract user data, such as location information.

The new vulnerabilities have been discovered at the end of last year by AdaptiveMobile, a cybersecurity firm specializing in mobile network security.

Detailed in a 36-page report published this week, the vulnerabilities impact 5G’s network slicing mechanism, a feature that allows network operators to split their 5G infrastructure into smaller portions dedicated for particular use cases, such as automotive, healthcare, critical infrastructure, and entertainment services.

AdaptiveMobile says the vulnerabilities it found can be exploited in hybrid mobile network setups where 5G is mixed with older technologies — network setups that are to be expected in the real world in the coming years as 5G technology rolls out and slowly replaces previous tech.

According to AdaptiveMobile, the attacks are possible because of “a lack of mapping between the application and transport layers identities,” which allows attackers to impersonate legitimate network functions in hybrid 5G networks.

This opens the door to situations where if an attacker manages to compromise an operator’s edge network equipment, they could abuse 5G protocol functions to launch denial of service attacks against other network slices or extract information from adjacent 5G network slices, including customer data such as location tracking information.

Furthermore, there could also be scenarios where partners who were granted access to network slices could abuse this privilege to attack other sections.
Improvements coming to future 5G standard

The security firm said it notified both the GSM Association (GSMA), an industry group for mobile operators, and the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP), the organization in charge of developing the 5G standard, of the vulnerabilities it found.

“The full mitigation of the described attacks may require some larger feature development in 3GPP specifications and could potentially be part of Release 17,” AdaptiveMobile said.

Release 17, or Rel-17, is the version of the 5G standard that is currently in development and is expected to be released in mid-2022.

AdaptiveMobile’s research adds to previous work done on the security of the new 5G protocol. Despite being a newer and more modern telecommunications protocol, 5G is often exposed to attacks due to the need to support legacy features so 5G customers could interact with older-gen standards.

One such example is the GPRS Tunnelling Protocol (GTP). In June 2020, security researchers disclosed several GTP vulnerabilities that could be used to attack both 4G and 5G users.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: The Record, Catalin Cimpanu, 26 Mar 2021

“High Probability” that Cell Phone Radiation Causes Brain Tumors: former CDC top scientist testifies
USA Created: 19 Mar 2021
The expert that brought down Monsanto's "RoundUp" is now an expert for the plaintiff in the largest cellphone radiation and brain cancer law suit, 20 years underway.

Christopher Portier PhD, a longtime US government scientist now retired, submitted a comprehensive review of the scientific research in a major cell phone/brain cancer lawsuit where he concludes that “The evidence on an association between cellular phone use and the risk of glioma in adults is quite strong” and “In my opinion, RF exposure probably causes gliomas and neuromas and, given the human, animal and experimental evidence, I assert that, to a reasonable degree of scientific certainty, the probability that RF exposure causes gliomas and neuromas is high.”

The 176-page expert report with 443 references was prepared for the plaintiffs in a major product liability lawsuit, Murray et al. v Motorola, Inc. et al., filed in the Superior Court for the District of Columbia against the telecommunications industry. The plaintiffs in the case are sueing the telecommunications industry for damages because they developed brain cancer after years of using a cell phone up to their head. Most of the plaintiffs have passed away. Court dates are set for Murray et al. v. Motorola July 12-23, 2021.
Christopher Portier PhD Directed Programs at the US Centers for Disease Control

Chris Portier PhD was the Director of the United States National Center for Environmental Health at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta and the Director of the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Prior to CDC, Dr. Portier was with the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences for 32 years where he served as the NIEHS Associate Director, Director of the Environmental Toxicology Program, and Associate Director of the National Toxicology Program.

Dr. Portier holds a Ph.D. in Biostatistics (with a minor in Epidemiology). For over three decades, Dr. Portier has held prominent leadership positions in the U.S. government that combined the disciplines of toxicology, statistics and epidemiology.
Chris Portier PhD Represented the US Centers for Disease Control at the World Health Organization International Agency for Research on Cancer Review of Wireless Radiation in 2011.

In 2011, Dr. Portier was selected to represent the CDC on an expert working group convened by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) of the World Health Organization to review the carcinogenicity of wireless radiofrequency radiation. The working group met for two weeks and ultimately decided to determine that RF radiation was “possibly carcinogenic to humans” (Group 2B). In 2015 during the BIOEM Conference Portier officially called for invoking the precautionary principle. Since 2011, the published research in both humans and animals linking wireless radiation to cancer and tumors has substantially increased as Dr. Portier documents in his research review.

Numerous other WHO/IARC experts have more recently stated that the 2011 classification needs to be strengthened as recent research continues to show a link between wireless exposure and cancer. Read their statements here.
Selected quotes from Dr. Portier’s Expert Report to the Court

“In conclusion, an association has been established between the use of cellular telephones and the risk of gliomas and chance, bias and confounding are unlikely to have driven this finding.”
“The evidence on an association between cellular phone use and the risk of acoustic neuromas [ANs] in adults is strong.”
“The central question to ask of animal cancer studies is “Can RF increase the incidence of tumors in laboratory animals?” The answer, with high confidence, is yes.”
“There is sufficient evidence to suggest that both oxidative stress and genotoxicity are caused by exposure to RF and that these mechanisms could be the reason why RF can induce cancer in humans.”
“RF exposure probably causes gliomas and acoustic neuromas, and given the human, animal and experimental evidence, I assert that, to a reasonable degree of scientific certainty, the probability that RF exposure causes these cancers is high.”
In conclusion, there is sufficient evidence from these laboratory studies to conclude that RF can cause tumors in experimental animals with strong findings for gliomas, heart Schwannomas and adrenal pheochromocytomas in male rats and harderian gland tumors in male mice and uterine polyps in female mice. There is also some evidence supporting liver tumors and lung tumors in male and possibly female mice.”
“In my opinion, RF exposure probably causes gliomas and neuromas and, given the human, animal and experimental evidence, I assert that, to a reasonable degree of scientific certainty, the probability that RF exposure causes gliomas and neuromas is high.”

Download the Report HERE:
https://ehtrust.org/wp-content/uploads/Expert-report-Christopher-J-Portier-Murray-v-Motorola-3-1-2021-1.pdf

Dr. Christopher Portier has Provided Expert Testimony Regarding Glyphosate

Dr. Christopher Portier testified as an expert witness for the plaintiff in the case of Edwin Hardeman v. Monsanto Company (now Bayer). The Hardeman trial began on February 25, 2019 and ended with a unanimous verdict of $80M for Mr. Hardeman on March 27, 2019.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: EHTrust, 18 Mar 2021

Study: 4G signal promotes ageing in human cells and decreases proliferation due to oxidative-stress
South Korea Created: 8 Mar 2021
Continuous Exposure to 1,7 GHz LTE Electromagnetic Fields Increases Intracellular Reactive Oxygen Species to Decrease Human Cell Proliferation and Induce Senescence.

Abstract

Due to the rapid development of mobile phone technology, we are continuously exposed to 1.7 GHz LTE radio frequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMFs), but their biological effects have not been clarified.

Here, we investigated the non-thermal cellular effects of these RF-EMFs on human cells, including human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs), Huh7 and Hep3B liver cancer stem cells (CSCs), HeLa and SH-SY5Y cancer cells, and normal fibroblast IMR-90 cells.

When continuously exposed to 1.7 GHz LTE RF-EMF for 72 h at 1 and 2 SAR, cell proliferation was consistently decreased in all the human cells.

The anti-proliferative effect was higher at 2 SAR than 1 SAR and was less severe in ASCs. The exposure to RF-EMF for 72 h at 1 and 2 SAR did not induce DNA double strand breaks or apoptotic cell death, but did trigger a slight delay in the G1 to S cell cycle transition.

Cell senescence was also clearly observed in ASC and Huh7 cells exposed to RF-EMF at 2 SAR for 72 h. Intracellular ROS increased in these cells and the treatment with an ROS scavenger recapitulated the anti-proliferative effect of RF-EMF.

These observations strongly suggest that 1.7 GHz LTE RF-EMF decrease proliferation and increase senescence by increasing intracellular ROS in human cells.

Subject terms: Cell biology, Risk factors
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Scientific reports, Choi et al, 8 Jun 2020

Doctors for the Environment: Press Release on 5G and the New Regulations for Adaptive Antennas
Switzerland Created: 8 Mar 2021
5G - New regulations for adaptive antennas - An increase of the limit values by a roundabout way as a mere detail of execution.

Press Release, Médecins en faveur de l’Environnement (MfE), 24 February 2021 -

Unofficial translation *

For years, MfE has been fighting, with the help of its expertise, against a relaxation of the limit values for cell phone radiation, for lower limit values and stricter protection of emissions. The MfE, as a representative of the interests of protection, is a member of the Non-ionizing Radiation Implementation Support Group that prepared the new regulations. The MfE rejects the new existing regulations for adaptive antennas because preservation of the level of protection is not guaranteed. There are currently excellent alternatives from a technical point of view.

For the operating mode of adaptive antennas that can be used for the 5G network as well as for the existing 4G (LTE) network, it is no longer the maximum transmission power that is valid. Temporarily, antennas in adaptive mode may exceed, depending on their type, more than ten times the permitted transmission power and even more. What's new is that the limit value must be determined in 6 minutes. This includes an increase of the limit values by one diverted channel. The limit values remain intact - as stated by DETEC in its press release of 23/02/2021 [in French, German, Italian]- and "the current level of protection is maintained". We do not share this opinion.

The rationale for the increase in peak values of adaptive antennas is based on simulation studies, unique test measurements and calculation bases that do not in any way satisfy the evolution of the cell phone sector. There is no evidence that the level of protection of the local residents is maintained. Exposure of local residents due to adaptive antennas is, over time, highly dynamic with powerful spikes, is user-dependent and can barely be monitored. This dynamic is, as far as its repercussions on man and the environment, unexplored until now and has been passed over in silence.

More radiation

The current regulations not only allow adaptive antennas to be more flexible in terms of the level of protection for people living near antennas. Cell phone users are unnecessarily exposed to radiation inside buildings when they use the coverage via antennas located outside. Now the cell phone is radiating much more as it connects via the external antenna in question. As a doctor, such an increase in radiation exposure is a health risk and is unacceptable, given the current state of knowledge.

Consistent prevention in mobile telephony - as little radiation as possible

More and more studies are proving that radiation exposure is harmful to health. Due to new and disturbing studies, the Advisory Committee of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) pleaded, in April 2019, for them to evaluate again, as a high priority, the cancer risk of mobile telephony radiation. In addition to the open questions related to the cancer risk, the impact on well-being, electrosensitivity, cognition and reproduction is the subject of debate. In its position paper on the limit values in force in 2020, the group of NIR advisory experts of the Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN) finds uncertainties and continues to recommend the systematic application of the precautionary principle. The epidemiological studies on the long-term effects of radiation exposure due to conventional cell phone installations above 1 V/m are insufficient. In studies carried out on animals and cells, mobile phone radiation shows a relatively consistent increase in oxidative stress. The special edition of the BERENIS newsletter of January 2021 now contains a brief summary of an expert report commissioned by the FOEN and soon to be published, a current assessment on a possible relationship between oxidative stress and exposure to magnetic and electromagnetic fields and its effects on health. The majority of animal studies and more than half of the studies performed on cells show signs of increased oxidative stress, also in the range of the limit values for mobile telephony. This is worrisome from a medical point of view and especially for the more vulnerable among us: fetuses, children, pregnant women, the sick and elderly people. We reject any increase in limit values and demand systematic health care prevention as a general condition for the further development of mobile telephony.

Alternatives

70 percent of the mobile data volume is used for indoor coverage - especially for streaming; and the trend is upward. The capacity gained through the new regulations will soon be exhausted. It is high time to plan a network adapted to the requirements of the future. ECOSCOPE 2/19 described in detail a blueprint for low radiation mobile telephony [in German], which we, the MfE, have presented as a possible concept in the context of future developments in the Mobile Telephony and Outreach Report. We expect Parliament to defend, without reservation, the interests of public protection, challenge the new regulations and commit to measures that we can use to improve the quality of life of our citizens that will lead to mobile telephony radiation exposure that is respectful of health.

Background information: [in French]

- Mobile Phone Radiation: Prevention - Why wait? (Ecoscope 2/20)
- MfE Charter 'Mobile telephony and radiation': Prevention for mobile telephony - minimum radiation

Contact: Dr. Martin Forter, directeur des MfE 061 691 55 83

Médecins en facteur de l’environnement (MfE)
Case postale 620 4019 Bâle
061 322 49 49 CP 40-19771-2
info@aefu.ch

www.aefu.ch www.facebook.com/aefu.ch
www.twitter.com/aefu_ch

Bernhard Aufdereggen, docteur en médecine, président des MfE 079 639 00 40

* translated by the Editor of "Towards Better Health"
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Towards Better Health blog, 26 Feb 2021

Why Are Carriers Telling Us to Turn Off 5G?
USA Created: 6 Mar 2021
When carriers are telling people to turn off 5G to save battery, there's a problem, and it's not just power drain.

Both Verizon and T-Mobile were caught this week telling their users to turn off 5G to save battery, a sort of egg-on-face, foot-in-mouth situation that maybe we shouldn't read too much into. But I will! I will read more into it, because when a carrier's tech support people and its marketing people are saying opposite things, something's clearly up.

Verizon started the ball rolling with an unfortunate, now-deleted tweet telling people to "turn on [4G] LTE" on their iPhones to conserve battery. On a recent iPhone, that means turning off 5G. T-Mobile's sin appeared on a slew of device support pages, which suggest going down from 5G to 2G to preserve battery, which is really amusing. That will make your phone basically not work. T-Mobile has reduced its 2G network to an absolute minimum, mostly to support machine-to-machine devices like point-of-sale systems.

The relationship between 5G and battery drain is…tricky. The first-generation 5G phones based on the Qualcomm X50 modem frequently overheated and consumed battery very quickly, but those problems appeared to be solved with the current X55 and X60 modems. That doesn't mean 5G mode is as battery-efficient as 4G mode is, even on new phones. The current problems are more in network design.

All the carriers are guilty of often asking phones to connect to more distant 5G signals rather than nearer 4G-only signals, so they can show 5G coverage. That burns battery. T-Mobile has a long-range, low-band 5G network that uses a shorter-range, mid-band 4G network as its control channel, and your phone sometimes has to strain to hear the control channel. That burns battery. The DSS system Verizon and AT&T both use as part of their "nationwide 5G" systems was shown in a recent paper to reduce data rates and increase interference. You know what increased interference burns? Battery.

New technologies are coming to reduce 5G power consumption. As T-Mobile switches to standalone 5G, that drops the mid-band control channel and results in less battery drain. When Verizon and AT&T turn on C-band next year, they won't rely on DSS as much, which will also help battery life. Over time, more sites will have 5G and your phone won't have to stretch as much, and that means—you guessed it—less battery drain. Qualcomm is also doing some wild things with RF tuning in its new X65 chipset for next year's phones; it too will help with battery.

But ultimately the big gap here is that people are seeing their batteries dip and don't feel like they're getting anything for it. If the existing 5G has similar performance to 4G, and no exclusive applications…why not turn it off?
Click here to view the source article.
Source: PCMag, Sascha Segan, March 5, 2021

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