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LG is getting out of the mobile phone business
USA Created: 5 Apr 2021
After years of trying to turn its fortunes around, Korea's LG said it would exit the mobile phone business globally.

Between the lines: The phone business is a hard one to make profitable for all but the largest players. LG was once one of those, but hasn't been for many years, and had no clear path to change that.

"LG’s strategic decision to exit the incredibly competitive mobile phone sector will enable the company to focus resources in growth areas such as electric vehicle components, connected devices, smart homes, robotics, artificial intelligence and business-to-business solutions, as well as platforms and services," the company said in a statement.

LG had said several months ago that it was reviewing its options, including a potential exit from the business.

Of note: LG said it will take until July to wind down its business and sell current inventory.

LG said it will continue to service and support phones for a period of time.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Axios, Ina Fried, 05 Apr 2021

Not April Fools: Wi-Fi devices to become mini-radar trackers by 2024 with planned upgrade
USA Created: 1 Apr 2021
As Wi-Fi becomes more and more present in public and private spaces, it becomes natural to leverage its ubiquitousness to implement groundbreaking wireless sensing applications such as human presence detection, activity recognition, and object tracking, just to name a few.

This paper reports ongoing efforts by the IEEE 802.11bf Task Group (TGbf), which is defining the appropriate modifications to existing Wi-Fi standards to enhance sensing capabilities through 802.11-compliant waveforms.

We summarize objectives and timeline of TGbf, and discuss some of the most interesting proposed technical features discussed so far.

We also introduce a roadmap of research challenges pertaining to Wi-Fi sensing and its integration with future Wi-Fi technologies and emerging spectrum bands, hoping to elicit further activities by both the research community and TGbf.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Arxiv, Francesco Restuccia, 27 Mar 2021

Dutch Court rules mobile basestations can harm human health
Holland Created: 29 Mar 2021
A Dutch court has found that low levels of radiation from a mobile phone base station could potentially harm health.

In a judgement delivered on 18 December 2020 in the district Court of Gelderland, the judge found in favour of a plaintiff who opposed the construction of a 40-metre transmitter approximately 500 metres from his home that had been approved by the local council.

The judgement stated, ‘In the opinion of the court, considering all arguments, with reference to scientific literature, it cannot be ruled out that there are increased health risks even at a field strength lower than 1 V / m, and thus also in the plaintiff's case. The court therefore classifies the plaintiff as an interested party. The appeal is well-founded.’

Case number AWB - 19 _ 2184;
https://uitspraken.rechtspraak.nl/inziendocument?id=ECLI:NL:RBGEL:2020:6699
(in Dutch)
Source: EMR Australia, email newsletter, 26 Mar 2021

New 5G protocol vulnerabilities allow location tracking
USA Created: 29 Mar 2021
Security researchers have identified new vulnerabilities in the 5G protocol that could be abused to crash network segments and extract user data, such as location information.

The new vulnerabilities have been discovered at the end of last year by AdaptiveMobile, a cybersecurity firm specializing in mobile network security.

Detailed in a 36-page report published this week, the vulnerabilities impact 5G’s network slicing mechanism, a feature that allows network operators to split their 5G infrastructure into smaller portions dedicated for particular use cases, such as automotive, healthcare, critical infrastructure, and entertainment services.

AdaptiveMobile says the vulnerabilities it found can be exploited in hybrid mobile network setups where 5G is mixed with older technologies — network setups that are to be expected in the real world in the coming years as 5G technology rolls out and slowly replaces previous tech.

According to AdaptiveMobile, the attacks are possible because of “a lack of mapping between the application and transport layers identities,” which allows attackers to impersonate legitimate network functions in hybrid 5G networks.

This opens the door to situations where if an attacker manages to compromise an operator’s edge network equipment, they could abuse 5G protocol functions to launch denial of service attacks against other network slices or extract information from adjacent 5G network slices, including customer data such as location tracking information.

Furthermore, there could also be scenarios where partners who were granted access to network slices could abuse this privilege to attack other sections.
Improvements coming to future 5G standard

The security firm said it notified both the GSM Association (GSMA), an industry group for mobile operators, and the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP), the organization in charge of developing the 5G standard, of the vulnerabilities it found.

“The full mitigation of the described attacks may require some larger feature development in 3GPP specifications and could potentially be part of Release 17,” AdaptiveMobile said.

Release 17, or Rel-17, is the version of the 5G standard that is currently in development and is expected to be released in mid-2022.

AdaptiveMobile’s research adds to previous work done on the security of the new 5G protocol. Despite being a newer and more modern telecommunications protocol, 5G is often exposed to attacks due to the need to support legacy features so 5G customers could interact with older-gen standards.

One such example is the GPRS Tunnelling Protocol (GTP). In June 2020, security researchers disclosed several GTP vulnerabilities that could be used to attack both 4G and 5G users.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: The Record, Catalin Cimpanu, 26 Mar 2021

“High Probability” that Cell Phone Radiation Causes Brain Tumors: former CDC top scientist testifies
USA Created: 19 Mar 2021
The expert that brought down Monsanto's "RoundUp" is now an expert for the plaintiff in the largest cellphone radiation and brain cancer law suit, 20 years underway.

Christopher Portier PhD, a longtime US government scientist now retired, submitted a comprehensive review of the scientific research in a major cell phone/brain cancer lawsuit where he concludes that “The evidence on an association between cellular phone use and the risk of glioma in adults is quite strong” and “In my opinion, RF exposure probably causes gliomas and neuromas and, given the human, animal and experimental evidence, I assert that, to a reasonable degree of scientific certainty, the probability that RF exposure causes gliomas and neuromas is high.”

The 176-page expert report with 443 references was prepared for the plaintiffs in a major product liability lawsuit, Murray et al. v Motorola, Inc. et al., filed in the Superior Court for the District of Columbia against the telecommunications industry. The plaintiffs in the case are sueing the telecommunications industry for damages because they developed brain cancer after years of using a cell phone up to their head. Most of the plaintiffs have passed away. Court dates are set for Murray et al. v. Motorola July 12-23, 2021.
Christopher Portier PhD Directed Programs at the US Centers for Disease Control

Chris Portier PhD was the Director of the United States National Center for Environmental Health at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta and the Director of the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Prior to CDC, Dr. Portier was with the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences for 32 years where he served as the NIEHS Associate Director, Director of the Environmental Toxicology Program, and Associate Director of the National Toxicology Program.

Dr. Portier holds a Ph.D. in Biostatistics (with a minor in Epidemiology). For over three decades, Dr. Portier has held prominent leadership positions in the U.S. government that combined the disciplines of toxicology, statistics and epidemiology.
Chris Portier PhD Represented the US Centers for Disease Control at the World Health Organization International Agency for Research on Cancer Review of Wireless Radiation in 2011.

In 2011, Dr. Portier was selected to represent the CDC on an expert working group convened by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) of the World Health Organization to review the carcinogenicity of wireless radiofrequency radiation. The working group met for two weeks and ultimately decided to determine that RF radiation was “possibly carcinogenic to humans” (Group 2B). In 2015 during the BIOEM Conference Portier officially called for invoking the precautionary principle. Since 2011, the published research in both humans and animals linking wireless radiation to cancer and tumors has substantially increased as Dr. Portier documents in his research review.

Numerous other WHO/IARC experts have more recently stated that the 2011 classification needs to be strengthened as recent research continues to show a link between wireless exposure and cancer. Read their statements here.
Selected quotes from Dr. Portier’s Expert Report to the Court

“In conclusion, an association has been established between the use of cellular telephones and the risk of gliomas and chance, bias and confounding are unlikely to have driven this finding.”
“The evidence on an association between cellular phone use and the risk of acoustic neuromas [ANs] in adults is strong.”
“The central question to ask of animal cancer studies is “Can RF increase the incidence of tumors in laboratory animals?” The answer, with high confidence, is yes.”
“There is sufficient evidence to suggest that both oxidative stress and genotoxicity are caused by exposure to RF and that these mechanisms could be the reason why RF can induce cancer in humans.”
“RF exposure probably causes gliomas and acoustic neuromas, and given the human, animal and experimental evidence, I assert that, to a reasonable degree of scientific certainty, the probability that RF exposure causes these cancers is high.”
In conclusion, there is sufficient evidence from these laboratory studies to conclude that RF can cause tumors in experimental animals with strong findings for gliomas, heart Schwannomas and adrenal pheochromocytomas in male rats and harderian gland tumors in male mice and uterine polyps in female mice. There is also some evidence supporting liver tumors and lung tumors in male and possibly female mice.”
“In my opinion, RF exposure probably causes gliomas and neuromas and, given the human, animal and experimental evidence, I assert that, to a reasonable degree of scientific certainty, the probability that RF exposure causes gliomas and neuromas is high.”

Download the Report HERE:
https://ehtrust.org/wp-content/uploads/Expert-report-Christopher-J-Portier-Murray-v-Motorola-3-1-2021-1.pdf

Dr. Christopher Portier has Provided Expert Testimony Regarding Glyphosate

Dr. Christopher Portier testified as an expert witness for the plaintiff in the case of Edwin Hardeman v. Monsanto Company (now Bayer). The Hardeman trial began on February 25, 2019 and ended with a unanimous verdict of $80M for Mr. Hardeman on March 27, 2019.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: EHTrust, 18 Mar 2021

Study: 4G signal promotes ageing in human cells and decreases proliferation due to oxidative-stress
South Korea Created: 8 Mar 2021
Continuous Exposure to 1,7 GHz LTE Electromagnetic Fields Increases Intracellular Reactive Oxygen Species to Decrease Human Cell Proliferation and Induce Senescence.

Abstract

Due to the rapid development of mobile phone technology, we are continuously exposed to 1.7 GHz LTE radio frequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMFs), but their biological effects have not been clarified.

Here, we investigated the non-thermal cellular effects of these RF-EMFs on human cells, including human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs), Huh7 and Hep3B liver cancer stem cells (CSCs), HeLa and SH-SY5Y cancer cells, and normal fibroblast IMR-90 cells.

When continuously exposed to 1.7 GHz LTE RF-EMF for 72 h at 1 and 2 SAR, cell proliferation was consistently decreased in all the human cells.

The anti-proliferative effect was higher at 2 SAR than 1 SAR and was less severe in ASCs. The exposure to RF-EMF for 72 h at 1 and 2 SAR did not induce DNA double strand breaks or apoptotic cell death, but did trigger a slight delay in the G1 to S cell cycle transition.

Cell senescence was also clearly observed in ASC and Huh7 cells exposed to RF-EMF at 2 SAR for 72 h. Intracellular ROS increased in these cells and the treatment with an ROS scavenger recapitulated the anti-proliferative effect of RF-EMF.

These observations strongly suggest that 1.7 GHz LTE RF-EMF decrease proliferation and increase senescence by increasing intracellular ROS in human cells.

Subject terms: Cell biology, Risk factors
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Scientific reports, Choi et al, 8 Jun 2020

Doctors for the Environment: Press Release on 5G and the New Regulations for Adaptive Antennas
Switzerland Created: 8 Mar 2021
5G - New regulations for adaptive antennas - An increase of the limit values by a roundabout way as a mere detail of execution.

Press Release, Médecins en faveur de l’Environnement (MfE), 24 February 2021 -

Unofficial translation *

For years, MfE has been fighting, with the help of its expertise, against a relaxation of the limit values for cell phone radiation, for lower limit values and stricter protection of emissions. The MfE, as a representative of the interests of protection, is a member of the Non-ionizing Radiation Implementation Support Group that prepared the new regulations. The MfE rejects the new existing regulations for adaptive antennas because preservation of the level of protection is not guaranteed. There are currently excellent alternatives from a technical point of view.

For the operating mode of adaptive antennas that can be used for the 5G network as well as for the existing 4G (LTE) network, it is no longer the maximum transmission power that is valid. Temporarily, antennas in adaptive mode may exceed, depending on their type, more than ten times the permitted transmission power and even more. What's new is that the limit value must be determined in 6 minutes. This includes an increase of the limit values by one diverted channel. The limit values remain intact - as stated by DETEC in its press release of 23/02/2021 [in French, German, Italian]- and "the current level of protection is maintained". We do not share this opinion.

The rationale for the increase in peak values of adaptive antennas is based on simulation studies, unique test measurements and calculation bases that do not in any way satisfy the evolution of the cell phone sector. There is no evidence that the level of protection of the local residents is maintained. Exposure of local residents due to adaptive antennas is, over time, highly dynamic with powerful spikes, is user-dependent and can barely be monitored. This dynamic is, as far as its repercussions on man and the environment, unexplored until now and has been passed over in silence.

More radiation

The current regulations not only allow adaptive antennas to be more flexible in terms of the level of protection for people living near antennas. Cell phone users are unnecessarily exposed to radiation inside buildings when they use the coverage via antennas located outside. Now the cell phone is radiating much more as it connects via the external antenna in question. As a doctor, such an increase in radiation exposure is a health risk and is unacceptable, given the current state of knowledge.

Consistent prevention in mobile telephony - as little radiation as possible

More and more studies are proving that radiation exposure is harmful to health. Due to new and disturbing studies, the Advisory Committee of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) pleaded, in April 2019, for them to evaluate again, as a high priority, the cancer risk of mobile telephony radiation. In addition to the open questions related to the cancer risk, the impact on well-being, electrosensitivity, cognition and reproduction is the subject of debate. In its position paper on the limit values in force in 2020, the group of NIR advisory experts of the Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN) finds uncertainties and continues to recommend the systematic application of the precautionary principle. The epidemiological studies on the long-term effects of radiation exposure due to conventional cell phone installations above 1 V/m are insufficient. In studies carried out on animals and cells, mobile phone radiation shows a relatively consistent increase in oxidative stress. The special edition of the BERENIS newsletter of January 2021 now contains a brief summary of an expert report commissioned by the FOEN and soon to be published, a current assessment on a possible relationship between oxidative stress and exposure to magnetic and electromagnetic fields and its effects on health. The majority of animal studies and more than half of the studies performed on cells show signs of increased oxidative stress, also in the range of the limit values for mobile telephony. This is worrisome from a medical point of view and especially for the more vulnerable among us: fetuses, children, pregnant women, the sick and elderly people. We reject any increase in limit values and demand systematic health care prevention as a general condition for the further development of mobile telephony.

Alternatives

70 percent of the mobile data volume is used for indoor coverage - especially for streaming; and the trend is upward. The capacity gained through the new regulations will soon be exhausted. It is high time to plan a network adapted to the requirements of the future. ECOSCOPE 2/19 described in detail a blueprint for low radiation mobile telephony [in German], which we, the MfE, have presented as a possible concept in the context of future developments in the Mobile Telephony and Outreach Report. We expect Parliament to defend, without reservation, the interests of public protection, challenge the new regulations and commit to measures that we can use to improve the quality of life of our citizens that will lead to mobile telephony radiation exposure that is respectful of health.

Background information: [in French]

- Mobile Phone Radiation: Prevention - Why wait? (Ecoscope 2/20)
- MfE Charter 'Mobile telephony and radiation': Prevention for mobile telephony - minimum radiation

Contact: Dr. Martin Forter, directeur des MfE 061 691 55 83

Médecins en facteur de l’environnement (MfE)
Case postale 620 4019 Bâle
061 322 49 49 CP 40-19771-2
info@aefu.ch

www.aefu.ch www.facebook.com/aefu.ch
www.twitter.com/aefu_ch

Bernhard Aufdereggen, docteur en médecine, président des MfE 079 639 00 40

* translated by the Editor of "Towards Better Health"
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Towards Better Health blog, 26 Feb 2021

Why Are Carriers Telling Us to Turn Off 5G?
USA Created: 6 Mar 2021
When carriers are telling people to turn off 5G to save battery, there's a problem, and it's not just power drain.

Both Verizon and T-Mobile were caught this week telling their users to turn off 5G to save battery, a sort of egg-on-face, foot-in-mouth situation that maybe we shouldn't read too much into. But I will! I will read more into it, because when a carrier's tech support people and its marketing people are saying opposite things, something's clearly up.

Verizon started the ball rolling with an unfortunate, now-deleted tweet telling people to "turn on [4G] LTE" on their iPhones to conserve battery. On a recent iPhone, that means turning off 5G. T-Mobile's sin appeared on a slew of device support pages, which suggest going down from 5G to 2G to preserve battery, which is really amusing. That will make your phone basically not work. T-Mobile has reduced its 2G network to an absolute minimum, mostly to support machine-to-machine devices like point-of-sale systems.

The relationship between 5G and battery drain is…tricky. The first-generation 5G phones based on the Qualcomm X50 modem frequently overheated and consumed battery very quickly, but those problems appeared to be solved with the current X55 and X60 modems. That doesn't mean 5G mode is as battery-efficient as 4G mode is, even on new phones. The current problems are more in network design.

All the carriers are guilty of often asking phones to connect to more distant 5G signals rather than nearer 4G-only signals, so they can show 5G coverage. That burns battery. T-Mobile has a long-range, low-band 5G network that uses a shorter-range, mid-band 4G network as its control channel, and your phone sometimes has to strain to hear the control channel. That burns battery. The DSS system Verizon and AT&T both use as part of their "nationwide 5G" systems was shown in a recent paper to reduce data rates and increase interference. You know what increased interference burns? Battery.

New technologies are coming to reduce 5G power consumption. As T-Mobile switches to standalone 5G, that drops the mid-band control channel and results in less battery drain. When Verizon and AT&T turn on C-band next year, they won't rely on DSS as much, which will also help battery life. Over time, more sites will have 5G and your phone won't have to stretch as much, and that means—you guessed it—less battery drain. Qualcomm is also doing some wild things with RF tuning in its new X65 chipset for next year's phones; it too will help with battery.

But ultimately the big gap here is that people are seeing their batteries dip and don't feel like they're getting anything for it. If the existing 5G has similar performance to 4G, and no exclusive applications…why not turn it off?
Click here to view the source article.
Source: PCMag, Sascha Segan, March 5, 2021

The day Don Quixote found his mark
Israel Created: 2 Mar 2021
Challenging powerful regulatory agencies is often like Don Quixote tilting at windmills. A futile attack on an immovable monolith. But sometimes, not often I’ll grant you, the lance finds its mark and the monolith teeters a little. Something like this happened recently in Washington D.C. and it is likely to have ramifications around the world.

On the 25th of January, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) stood up (figuratively) in the D.C. Circuit of Appeals and blithely claimed that the safety standards governing the exposure of the public to electromagnetic radiation originating from cellphones and wireless were good. The court did not buy it.

The petition, lead by the Environmental Health Trust, an NGO devoted to the collation and dissemination of scientific evidence on our impact on the environment and health with a particular emphasis on Electromagnetic radiation, challenged the right of the FCC to set into regulation the current radiation exposure limits for frequencies of 5G and above. The petition also demanded that the current limits also be reassessed.

The current very generous limits were first set in 1996 (In another post I will lay out the surprising history of exposure standards) and have been constantly challenged in the scientific literature. They now apply to devices that did not even exist back then. Worse still, there is now a solid bank of scientific evidence that cellphone radiation at the levels allowed, does indeed have a negative impact on our health. However, rather than challenge the industry and make them work at biologically acceptable levels, the FCC dismisses the evidence and coddles up to the industry. And they have now been called out on that.

I must be honest here and state that I am on the scientific advisory board of the Environmental Health Trust, a position I take most seriously.

Although the court has not handed down its decision yet, it is clear where the wind is blowing. An excellent Co-ed piece by Dr. Devra Davis in the Washington Post sums it up perfectly :

“In reviewing our case, Environmental Health Trust et al v. FCC, the court asked the agency to show what expert advice it had relied on to dismiss the NTP study and thousands of pages of peer-reviewed science. The FCC had invoked the Interagency Radiofrequency Radiation Work Group, but could provide no evidence that this loosely affiliated, unfunded informal federal Work Group has either met or offered the FCC any advice in the past two years.”

The study she is referring to is by the National Toxicology Program (NTP), an independent body of the American National Institute of Health, charged specifically with the identification and investigation of toxigenic materials and elements. It is probably the most eminent authority in the world for this kind of research. Succinctly put, the FCC commissioned the FDA who commissioned the NTP. The study was extensive and expensive. They took two populations of rats and mice, isolated them from all radio signals and let them live their lives, eat, breed and sleep. One of the populations was exposed for 10 minutes a day to cell phone transmissions like GSM and LTE at levels similar to those allowed by those same FCC rules. Now the unpleasant bit. At the end of 2 years, the populations were culled. In the animals exposed to the radiation, they found clear evidence of DNA damage and cancer. Anything that causes cancer in rats and mice causes cancer in us. That’s why we use them in animal studies. Now I have read those reports with the eye of a scientist and they convinced me. The experiments were excellent and professionally done. So much so that 2 sets of reviews by independent experts could find no faults. Yet the FCC and the FDA rejected them out of hand.

It goes on:

“The court then asked specifically whether the FDA had sought advice from its own Technical Electronic Product Radiation Safety Standards Committee, The FCC was forced to concede that that technical advisory committee has not met since 2016, is next scheduled to meet in fiscal 2021, and has never considered cellphone safety. In fact, that committee chiefly focuses on ensuring that electronic products do not interfere with each other. So you can be pretty sure that your phone will not block your tablet from working, but you have no idea whether either of them might interfere with your heart or cause damage to your DNA.”

In other words, not only did the FCC ignore the scientific evidence to the contrary, including its own, but failed totally to use any advice at all. Yet that didn’t stop it from making a regulation that is so important. It is important. Because without the regulation by the FCC to maintain current dangerous exposure standards for high frequencies, the 5G rollout in the States is virtually illegal. Big money involved here, in the range of trillions of dollars and that is now in danger if the court follows its earlier direction and punishes the FCC for its failure. As the court then pointedly noted,

“The judge noted that agencies get a lot of discretion: “You get a long leash. But, at some point that leash goes too far and becomes unreasonable without a little bit of followup by the FCC — to make… to verify… just to pin down that the information is responsive.”

It doesn’t look good for the FCC.

You can read the full transcript here: https://ehtrust.org/eht-takes-the-fcc-to-court/

What happens in the States has a direct impact on what happens in Europe and here. Already there are a number of European states who have effectively stopped the rollout of 5G pending a comprehensive health assessment. For instance, in Switzerland. The special advisory expert group BERENIS to the Swiss Environmental agency has just issued a report that states that Electromagnetic radiation from cellphones leads to reactive oxidation species in the blood leading to oxidative stress. And this has been linked to illness and to cancers. The ruling of this court case will only accelerate this.

And, who knows? Maybe the monolith will fall and Don Quixote will be triumphant……
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Times of Israel / blogs, Paul Ben Ishai, 26 Feb 2021

Verizon support says you should turn off 5G to save your phone’s battery
USA Created: 1 Mar 2021
This, despite the carrier’s relentless promotion of its 5G network.

Despite its relentless promotion of 5G phones and the fact that it spent more than $45 billion bidding on a new faster spectrum, Verizon support now is advising people on Twitter to turn off their phones’ 5G access to preserve battery life.

In a Sunday morning tweet, Verizon support helpfully suggested that “one way to help conserve battery life is to turn on LTE” if users found their batteries were “draining faster than normal.” That step would, of course, turn off 5G in a phone that has it available. It’s also worth pointing out that you don’t actually “turn on LTE” when doing this step — LTE is always enabled as a fallback for the 5G network. But Verizon is obviously being cautious so as not to actually tell its customers to “turn off 5G”.

Twitter users naturally pointed out that switching to LTE-only would mean turning off 5G (which is available in some newer phones), but the helpful support person said it was important to troubleshoot “steps to find the root cause of any issues with speed,” adding that Verizon is “quickly launching more 5G areas, and making updates constantly to improve speeds.” Verizon’s nationwide 5G network uses a technology called DSS, which in many instances is actually slower than the LTE network it’s trying to replace.

Verizon announced its big 5G plans for 2021 last month, after formally launching its next-gen network in October 2020. One of its top priorities is expanding coverage of its ultra-fast mmWave coverage, which is currently restricted to parts of some cities in the US. It’s also heavily dependent on how close you are to a Verizon 5G site.

Both Verizon and AT&T spent big bucks in the FCC’s Auction 107, bidding on the C-band spectrum. Verizon spent $45.4 billion— twice as much as AT&T’s $23.4 billion. AT&T’s current nationwide 5G network also relies on DSS with speeds close to or lower than 4G LTE.

The new frequencies won’t become available until the end of the 2021 at the earliest, and will be available in limited locations first.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: The Verge, Kim Lyons, 28 Feb 2021

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