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Autoimmune Process after Long-Term Low-Level Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields,
Russia Created: 28 Mar 2011
Autoimmune Process after Long-Term Low-Level Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields,
Y.G. Grigoriev, O.A. Grigoriev, A.A.Ivanov, A.M. Lyaginskaya, A.V. Merkulov, V.S. Stepanov, N.B. Shagina

Mobile Communications and Changes in Electromagnetic Conditions for the Population.
Abstract—Mobile communications provides a new source of electromagnetic exposure for almost the whole population of Russia. For the first time in the history of civilization, the brain of mobile phone users is exposed to localized radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields (EMF). Base stations are a factor in the exposure of the population. Existing standards for limiting exposure do not account for the role of base stations as a source of EMF and cannot guarantee the absence of adverse health effects. It has become necessary to obtain reliable information to expand databases for the development of new standards. As recommended by the World Health Organization, an additional experiment is performed under the supervision of foreign experts, which shows changes in autoimmune status in rats after long-term low-level RF EMF exposure with an incident power of 500 µW/cm2.

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Source: Alex Ienfa/Agnes Ingvarsdottir

Russia Created: 22 Mar 2009

The opinion of Russian National Committee on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (RNCNIRP)

March 4, 2009, Moscow, Russia During use of a mobile telephone a child’s head is exposed to EMF.
The exposure concentrates in the brain and nervous receptors of acoustical and vestibular devices, which are located in internal ear direct under the RF EMF source. Also the retina and lens of an eye are exposed to EMF.
Up till now the world scientific community has no scientific database that can be used to estimate the risk for children, connected with long exposure of daily RF EMF on a developing brain. The appropriate studies of children using mobile telephones and experimental research are absent. The size of an irradiated field in a brain of the child, and the common absorbed energy of EMF by a brain is more for a child, than for an adult user. For the first time in the period of civilization, children and teenagers were included as a group of risk. It is necessary to note that the foreign recommended standards are much higher than the Russian standards. RNCNIRP repeatedly paid attention that health of the present generation of children and future generations is under the danger (11.09.2001, 23.06.2004, 20.03.2008). The Russian SanPiN - 2003 (2.1.8/, the item 6.9) recommends restriction of the opportunity to use mobile telephones by the persons who have not reached 18 years.

The WHO gives highest priority to the protection of the health of children against probable adverse effect of an electromagnetic field of cellular telephones. Important for an estimation of the seriousness of the problem is the following WHO opinion: "CHILDREN ARE DIFFERENT FROM ADULTS. Children have a unique vulnerability. As they grow and develop, there are "windows of susceptibility": periods when their organs and systems maybe particularly sensitive to the effect of certain environmental threats". WHO, Backgrounder N 3, 2003. Therefore it is necessary to start an active information and explanation trajectory among parents, teenagers and children, to forbid aggressive advertising designed for this marketing group of the population, and to introduce a precautionary principle more widely. We call the scientific community of the world not be limited by the numerous discussions about importance of a problem "Mobile telephone and children", and to begin a real study on the risks for children as users of mobile telephones, and also to begin experimental research on the effects of chronic low intensity RF EMF exposure on a developing brain.

Chairman of RNCNIRP, professor Yu. Grigoryev.
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Source: RCNIRP, Prof. Yuri Grigoryev, 04 Mar 2009

Cell phone use linked to brain tumors - Russian scientist
Russia Created: 5 Feb 2009
MOSCOW, February 5 (RIA Novosti) - A leading Russian scientist said on Thursday, citing a Swedish study, that the use of cell phones from an early age could lead to brain tumors.

"We have a very cautious attitude as regards children, our future generation. There is data suggesting that brain tumors could develop," Yury Grigoryev, a leading scientist at the Burnazyan medical biophysical center, told a RIA Novosti press conference.

Grigoryev cited Swedish research data, which he said showed that if a child uses a cell phone from 8 to 12, then the risk of developing a brain tumor by the age of 21 increases fivefold.

He also said that every person in Russia is subject to electromagnetic radiation from cellular base stations. He said people use mobile phones too often, which means the dose of radiation they get is comparable to that received by workers whose profession involves dealing with radiolocation equipment and transmitters.

Grigoryev said there is as yet no reliable Russian research proving cell phones are harmful to health. However, he said that according to the World Health Organization, Alzheimer's disease, depression and a greater risk of epileptic reactions could be the possible consequences of mobile phone usage.

The head of the medical center's radiobiology and non-ionizing radiation hygiene lab, Oleg Grigoryev, said in turn that in line with Russian sanitary norms, the use of cell phones is not recommended for minors.

"The brand or price of a cell phone doesn't matter. The dose of radiation is defined by the network operation mode and phone use intensity," he said.

Oleg Grigoryev also said that a wire or wireless headset would make the distance from a person's head to the phone over 0.5 meters, a distance believed to be safe. He also advised cutting down on calls.
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Source: RIAN, 05 Feb 2009

Llamada oficia en Rusia:
Russia Created: 29 Oct 2008
Mensaje a todos los ciudadanos europeos que colaboran con
Muy señores nuestros: Toda la prensa europea del Oeste ignora la llamada de la Comisión rusa para la protección contra las radiaciones RNCNIRP.
Niños y teléfonos móviles: La sanidad de la generación siguiente esta en peligro. La RNCNIRP es una comisión de la academia de las
ciencias médicas muy qualificada en Rusia.

Por favor, ayúdenos a distribuir por e-mail este documento para la protección de nuestros niños. Esta llamada se basa en los resultados de investigadores, que se pueden encontrar a la pagina personal
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Source: Susana Aguado Soriano

Handsets pose danger for children
Russia Created: 19 Apr 2008
Handsets pose danger for children and teen-agers, state experts of the Russian National Committee on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection having carried out experiments with animals of different age. The oncoming generation is recommended to reduce communication through handsets, as their nerves might be badly injured.

The Russian National Committee on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (RNCNIRP) has expressed its opinion regarding the possible influence of handset electromagnetic field on children and teen-ages. The experiments, consultations and discussions held led to the resolution ‘Children and handsets: future generations’ health is under threat’. The given resolution comprises opinions of leading Russian scientists in hygiene and radiobiology of Non-Ionizing Radiation. The given resolution is based on modern scientific knowledge and fundamental submission generated in many years of research into the influence of electromagnetic fields on human health.

Oleg Grigoriev, director of the Center for Electromagnetic Safety and RNCNIRP deputy chairman, told CNews the mentioned above resolution was, in particular, based on the analysis of experiments held on animals of different age, principally rats and their embryos. The experiments proved the influence of electromagnetic radiation on developing organisms was strong. An electromagnetic field is an important biotropic factor that influences not only health but higher nervous activity including human behavior and mentality. When using a handset its electromagnetic field is influencing the user’s brain.

Although Sanitary rules and regulations recommend limiting handset usage by those under 18 (Sanitary norms and regulations 2.1.8/, item 6.9), children and teen-agers have become the targeted marketing group for the mobile communication market, RNCNIRP experts say. The existing safety standards for handsets have been developed for adolescents regardless infant organism peculiarities.

Possible threat to human health is very high. One should not forget the electromagnetic field influences formation of higher nervous activity, while electromagnetic absorption in the head of a child is much higher as compared to adolescents (children’s cerebral tissue is of higher conductivity, the head size is smaller, cranial bones are thinner, etc.). The children’s organism is more sensitive to electromagnetic fields than that of adolescents; the children’s brain has the peculiar propensity to accumulation of adverse reactions in case of re-irradiation.

Specialists assert modern children are using handsets since early age and continue using them having grown, so the period of contact with electromagnetic radiation is longer as compared to adolescents. According to RNCNIRP specialists, children using handsets are prone to the following disorders: weakening memory, decline of attention, reduction of mental and cognitive capacity, irritation, sleep violation, increasing epileptic possibility. The other possible far-standing consequences are brain, auditory and vestibular nerve tumor (at the age of 25-30), Alzheimer's disease, ‘acquired dementia’, depressive syndrome and other forms of neuronal degeneration of brain structures (at the age of 50-60). According to Oleg Grigoriev, the given forecasts are based on the data analysis received and long scientific debates.

‘Children using handsets are not able to understand that their brain and health are exposed to the electromagnetic field and risk, respectively, - the committee report reads. – The given risk is not inferior to the influence of tobacco and alcohol. Our duty is not to damage children’s health – our future – doing nothing’.

RNCNIRP has already sent its resolution to Gennady Onishenko, chief sanitary doctor of Russia, requesting him to introduce a warning system about the electromagnetic threat to the children’s health when using handsets. ‘The simplest solution is to put brochures telling about the mentioned above problems into boxes with handsets, - believes Oleg Grigoriev. – Such practices are wide spread in Great Britain, for example. Parents should be informed about the influence of the electromagnetic field on their children’s health. One can also tell his child about the dangers related to handsets’.

Oleg Grigoriev reports till the end of May 2008 RNCNIRP intends to work out certain recommendations for handset usage by children and teen-ages under 18. ‘The first recommendation is to limit children’s communication through handsets but for cases of emergency’, - says Mr. Grigoriev. He recollects the main recommendations for adolescents: not to talk more than 15 minutes on the handset, the ratio of the length of talk to resting before the next talk should be 1:5, which means having talked for one minute, one has to abstain from further calls for five minutes; when sleeping the handset should be 1 meter away from your head, or switched off, Bluetooth should be used.
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Source: C-News, 18 Apr 2008

Russian Agency Demands Registration for all Wi-Fi Devices
Russia Created: 16 Apr 2008
Wireless internet in Russia is spreading at lightning speed, with nearly every new notebook computer, mobile telephone and PDA coming equipped with the necessary technology. Wi-Fi hotspots are popping up in major cities, and some 40 million Russians have regular internet access. Yet as online newspaper reports on April 14th, officials of Russia’s media and communications agency believe that every wireless user must obtain permission and register their Wi-Fi devices before they can go online. The agency, Rossvyazokhrankultura (short for the Russian Mass Media, Communications and Cultural Protection Service), believes that it can lawfully confiscate wireless devices from anyone violating this directive.

Vladimir Karpov, the deputy director of the agency’s communications monitoring division, told the newspaper that wireless internet users must obtain permission to use the radio frequency involved in Wi-Fi transmitting, and must register any electronics that use Wi-Fi technology. Wifi hotspots, personal home networks, and even laptop computers, smart-phones and Wi-Fi enabled PDAs would be affected.

Most countries currently allow free and open access to Wi-Fi networking, without any mandatory licenses or limits. Local authorities generally put limits on the maximum signal strength of the transmitters, thereby setting a maximum broadcast range. Loose agreement on spectrum licensing has allowed wireless technology to become one of the most standardized services in the world (Unlike, for instance, mobile telephones, which use different types of networks in different countries).

Up until now, the technology has had tacit acceptance in Russia, with the government taking steps to legalize a slice of the radio band specifically for free Wi-Fi. In 2004, the State panel for Radio Frequencies gave indoor wireless networks open rights to a narrow band of spectrum. And in July 2007, the Government of Russia excluded mobile wireless devices from the list of electronics requiring registration.

Yet Rossvyazokhrankultura seems to have its own opinion on the matter, and the question of jurisdiction may make the situation all the more confusing.

The agency was formed from a 2007 merger of two distinct regulatory bodies (Rosokhrankultura, which oversaw media and Rossvyaznadvor, which oversaw telecommunications). It now appears interested in strictly licensing each and every wireless transmitter and device.

According to Karpov’s statement, registering a PDA or telephone would take 10 days. Then, only the owner of the device would be licensed to use it. Registering a Wi-Fi hotspot, on the other hand, would be more difficult. Anyone wishing to set up as much as a personal home-network would need to file a complete set of documents, as well as technological certifications. Networks in Moscow or St. Petersburg would also need approval from the Federal Security Guard Service (FSO) and the Federal Security Service (FSB).

An industry specialist, who wished to remain anonymous, was not surprised at the agency’s statement: “Similar conclusions speak to the complete professional deterioration of a unified regulatory agency. It is now engaged in all manner of fields – protecting cultural riches, registering mass-media outlets, control of legal compliance on personal data, monitoring communications, allocation of radio frequencies and so on. The organization is led by a metallurgic engineer by background. It is unlikely that he can simultaneously manage communications personnel, fine art experts, journalists and attorneys.”

Wi-Fi technology (short for Wireless Fidelity), comes built-in in nearly every new laptop computer, PDA, and mobile telephone, and allows for the easy set up of a local internet network without the need to install a mass of cables. The access point, or hot-spot, can be set up anywhere, and every computer store sells special Wi-Fi transmitters called routers. The typical router has an indoor range of around 150 feet, but can reach up to 300 feet if located outdoors. Hotspots, both free and paid are located around the world, in places like hotels, airports, cafes, and parks. There is even an international organization called the Wi-Fi Alliance, which oversees the standard implementation of global wireless technology.
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Source: The Other, 15 Apr 2008

Russia Created: 4 Jan 2008
Report of Russian National Committee on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection.

The most important researches were carried out to a scientific substantiation of EMF safety standards, bioeffects of electromagnetic field of mobile communication and ELF magnetic field.

The experimental part of the Russian-French immunology project (Confirmation studies of the Russian data on immunological effects of microwaves) is full completed. Researches were carried out in the Institute of Biophysics and the Center for Electromagnetic Safety, Moscow; Professor Yuri Grigoriev is scientific leader of Russian part of this project. Now there is process of analysis of results, which will be finish to the end of the summer 2007. Additional small research on EMF dosimetry for exposure rats is carry out; this research is support of EOARD.

The individual dose of EMF exposure for different groups of mobile phones users was investigated; results of the first part of research are published (Dr Oleg Grigoriev). Some users from general public group have EMF exposure dose same as occupational exposure.

The new research project “EMF of mobile phone and health of children” has been started by Professor Yuri Grigoriev. Center for Electromagnetic Safety carry on accumulation of database of EMF for base stations of mobile communication.

The methods for testing of mobile phones will be upgrade at this year, but main principles of the general safety standard for mobile phone (SanPiN2.1.8/ “Hygienic requirements for terrestrial mobile radiocommunication facilities allocation and operation”) is unchanging.

The Institute of Occupational Health of Russian Academy of Medical Science, Moscow, (Dr Nina Rubtsova) carried out researches of electromagnetic safety for mobile standards Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. In 2006 this Institute also has researches of conditions of EMF occupational exposure on metallurgy plants. Hygienic researches have been executed at use of the electromagnetic physiotherapeutic equipment. Dr. Rubtsova and her colleagues have developed and patented new methods of decrease a magnetic field in some systems of electric power transmission; the Patent for a cable line with the lowered level of a magnetic field also is received.

Safety standard (SanPiN) for power frequency (50 Hz) magnetic field for general population exposure was discussed RNCNIRP in last year and in this year it will be approval by the Federal Ministry of Health (Federal Service for Monitoring Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare). Basic MPL for general population is 5 μT in this standard.

Professor Valentina Nikitina (from Research Lab “Alfa-Pol”, St.Peterburg) has executed researches on hygienic conditions in the EMF shielded rooms. It is established, that the important factor of influence on health is the combination of the increased level of a magnetic field of industrial frequency, much decreased of a natural electromagnetic field of the Earth, change in ionic structure of air in a rooms. Also the laboratory of Professor Nikitina investigated new methods of shielding of an electromagnetic field which are combined with construction elements of buildings.

Professor Alexandr Somov (from the State University in Saratov) studied frequency dependent biological effect of electromagnetic radiation of extremely high frequencies. This work was devoted to the study of frequency-dependent biological effect brought out by low-intensive radiation of different diapasons (50-80, 120-170, 270-380 GHz) and combined effect of resonant frequencies and biologically active compounds (nicotine and antimicrobial drug metronidazole).

Doctor Igor Belyaev (Institute of General Physics, Russian Academy of Science) studied effects of microwave exposure on DNA repair foci in human stem cells. In his opinion, recent data indicate that microwaves (MW) from mobile phones inhibit DNA repair foci in human primary cells of different types: lymphocytes, fibroblasts and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) derived from adult human adipose tissue while the strongest effects were observed in MSC cells. Importantly, the same GSM carrier frequency (915 MHz) and UMTS frequency band (1947.4 MHz, middle channel) was effective for all cell types, while another GSM signal (905 MHz) did not affect cells. Recent data suggest that different cancer types including leukemia have a fundamentally common basis that is grounded on epigenetic changes in stem cells. Therefore, our experimental findings regarding effects of microwaves on stem cells may be important for cancer risk assessment. Interestingly enough, exposure to extremely low frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields results in similar biological effects as exposures to microwaves. In our studies, both ELF and MW exposures inhibited formation of DNA repair foci in human lymphocytes. ELF exposure has been reported in many epidemiological studies to be associated with the increased children leukemia. On the other hand, no association of ELF exposure with leukemia in adults was found. This discrepancy has not yet been clarified at the mechanistic basis while ELF was classified as a possible carcinogen based on these studies. It is known, that stem cells are more active in children as compared to adults. This activity may clarify the differences between results obtained in ELF-leukemia studies with children and adults. Respectively, elevated cancer risk may be expected in children from microwave exposure.

Has not any change of EMF safety standards in 2006 in Russia. An according of report of the Federal Service for Monitoring Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare, about 30% of working place have exposure level more then MPL of occupational EMF safety standards (Memorandum N16 at 29.03.2007,

Main public interest of EMF safety is topic of hazard for health of general population of exposure of systems mobile communication. Scandalous articles on danger of mobile communication appear in newspapers, groups of people have a protest against base stations near his residence, schools, hospitals and agricultural farms. The amount of base stations of mobile communication has considerably increased in Russia, but there are no information’s programs of operators of mobile communication about own EMF safety policy.
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Source: EMFacts, Don Maisch, 04 Jan 2008

Russians more precautionary on Microwave Exposure
Russia Created: 9 Jan 2007
It is interesting to note that a country that has put as much time and effort into researching the possible health effects of microwave radiation exposure have far more precautionary guidelines on the subject than we do in the UK.

We have included a summary below on their mobile phone advice:

The RNCNIRP (Russian National Committee on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection) offers the following advice on the safe use of mobile phones. These recommendations are based on the precautionary principle of the World Health Organization, published scientific and medical studies, reviews and recommendations by scientific groups and the expert opinions of RNCNIRP members.

1. Children under the age of 16 should not use mobile phones.

2. Pregnant women should not use mobile phones.

3. Those suffering from following diseases and disorders should not use mobile phones: neurologic diseases such as neurasthenia, psychopathy, psychosteny, and all neurosis with asthenic, obsessional hysterical disorders and reducing of mental, physical activity, memory loss, sleep disorders, epilepsy and epileptic syndrome, epileptic predisposing

4. The duration of calls should be limited to a maximum of three minutes, and after making a call the user should wait a minimum of 15 minutes before making another call. The use of headsets and hands-free systems is strongly encouraged.

Manufacturers and retailers of mobile phones should include the following information together with the engineering specifications:

* all of the above recommendations regarding use;
* all relevant health and epidemiological data on mobile phones, together with the radiation exposure levels associated with the phone and the name of the measurement lab.

Do the Russians know something we don't, or are they just making a pro-active attempt to pre-emptively protect their population from possible effects?

Conference background to RNCNIRP guidelines:
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Source: PowerWatch UK, 09 Jan 2007

Russia Created: 28 Apr 2006
50000 mobiltelefoner av modellen C-115 från Motorola har beslagtagits av ryska myndigheter och förstörts vid en destruktionsanläggning i Moskva. Orsaken är för höga strålningsnivåer.
Enligt nyhetsbyrån Prime Tass ska de 50000 mobilerna ha ingått i en större sändning med totalt 167500 Motorolatelefoner, som kom till Ryssland via Pakistan i mars.

Telefonerna har tillverkats i Kina, Brasilien och Singapore och var avsedda att vidareförsäljas hos Rysslands största telefonåterförsäljare, Euroset.

Ryska mobilexperter anser att mobilerna av modell C-115 strålar 2,5 gånger mer än vad ryska gränsvärden tillåter.

Motorola kommenterar att företaget visst uppfyller kraven från de ryska strålskyddsmyndigheterna.
Ansvariga för återförsäljaren Euroset vill inte ta på sig ansvaret utan hänvisar till tillverkaren Motorola.
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Source: Kalle Hallberg: Text: Håkan Abrahamson

Hide Cellular Phones From Children
Russia Created: 22 Nov 2005
Hide Cellular Phones From Children

Scientists are concerned with commodization of mobile communications. Although the damage of cellular phones’ electromagnetic radiation has never been proved, their safety can not be warranted either. Chairman of the Russian National Committee for defense from nonionizing radiation, Doctor of Science (Medicine), Professor, Yuri Grigirievich Grigoriev advises that children and teenagers are particularly sensitive to electromagnetic radiation.
Judging by some data, long child’s conversations on the cellular phone may painfully affect in mature age.

To evaluate safety of cellular phones, consequences of long-term electromagnetic fields’ influence should be investigated.
The overwhelming majority of medical investigation of mobile communications was performed abroad and was devoted to short-term effects.
Domestic researchers have accumulated a lot of data about state of health of the people who worked for years with the sources of electromagnetic
Summing up all these data, Yu. G. Grigoriev affirms that cellular phones are unsafe.
Even a short telephone conversation often affects the brain activity: participants of experiment spend more time on fulfilment of test assignments,
which is particularly important for students and schoolchildren, some people complain of headache and some distraction.

This annoyance is over soon but lengthy intense use of cellular communications result in more serious consequences.
Some users suffer regularly from headaches, after a five-minute telephone conversation the ache being intensified.
People complain of fatiguability, irritability, discomfort feeling, giddiness, difficulty in concentrating attention.
The specialists who spent years working with sources of high-frequency electromagnetic radiation acquire vegetative disorders and neurasthenic
symptoms. Experiments with young rats deserve particular attention.

As children and teenagers are particularly sensitive to negative impact of electromagnetic fields, therefore cellular communication is strongly
contra-indicated to them. This opinion is shared by the majority of European scientists. In 2001, the European Parliament Research Group recommended
to all EU member countries to prohibit children under 16 to use cellular phones. Physicians of Great Britain accepted similar recommendations in 1999,
World Health Organization – in 2000, Russian physicians – in 2001. Unfortunately, physicians’ recommendations in Russia have no validity.
The number of underage subscribers of mobile communications is steadily growing in Russia, and cellular phones manufactures develop special child’s models.
In the meantime, adverse effect of electromagnetic radiation is superimposed on the influence of other unfavorable environmental and social factors.
Within the last 12 years, Russian teenagers morbidity has increased several times.
Although it is impossible to ensure healthy way of life for all teenagers, at least cellular phones should be immediately taken away from them.
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Source: Informnauka (Informscience) Agency

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