News for France
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|Dissent at Heart of Telecom Industry Undermines France’s 5G Push|
|France||Created: 2 Oct 2020|
A quarrel has emerged inside France’s biggest phone company over whether to build a new generation of wireless networks, days before the industry is due to commit billions of euros to their deployment in the country.
A group of employees of Orange SA called repeatedly for management to scrap the rollout of 5G services in memos circulated to colleagues on the Plazza social media platform.
The memos, issued in October 2019 and in May of this year, said the technology will be unprofitable and will damage the environment, according to three people familiar with their content.
Company managers investigated the employees after the memos were leaked to the French telecom industry federation, the people said.
The source of the leak was not found and no employees were sanctioned, one of the people added..The internal discord could fuel a growing anti-5G movement that began on social media and was adopted by the opposition Green party, which won control of several cities in local elections in June.
It’s become the most consequential of several grass-roots campaigns against the technology in Europe, some driven by conspiracy theories linking it to Covid-19.
Unlike neighbouring countries, France has not begun to deploy commercial 5G, which advocates say will enable applications from digital factories to driverless cars and supercharged smartphones.
It can consume up to three times more energy than 4G but handles many times more data at much higher speeds. The government has warned 4G towers will reach the limit of their capacity within the next couple of years.
A spokesman for Orange confirmed the company had conducted an investigation into the possible leak of an internal document, but it was not its intention to censor employees.
Orange “reaffirms the importance of 5G technology for the country’s competitiveness and its major usefulness in accelerating the environmental transition,” the spokesman added.
The government has resisted calls to delay the auction of 5G frequencies set for Sept. 29 that will begin the national rollout.
This week it published a report dismissing health concerns linked to 5G. In a speech on Sept. 14, President Emmanuel Macron portrayed 5G’s critics as hostile to progress.
The Orange memos were written by “I’m So Green,” a group of employees that says it has around 1,000 members. Bloomberg obtained a copy of the second, 24-page memo titled “Without 5G: Orange in The Future World.”
It said the main beneficiaries of 5G will be smartphone makers, tech platforms, such as Whatsapp or YouTube, and the government.
“Orange will bear all the heavy investments (licenses, equipment, rollout) that will benefit other companies at the bottom of the food chain and possibly the state,” the authors wrote.
Senior people in the industry have also voiced reservations over 5G, wary of a headlong rush to deploy it given the uncertain outlook for investment returns. France was emerging from a brutal wireless price war when coronavirus lockdowns took another chunk out of the profits needed to pay for 5G. Orange shares on Sept. 8 reached their lowest closing level since March 2014.
The chairman of Bouygues Telecom’s parent company, Martin Bouygues, questioned the wisdom of pressing ahead with 5G this year, arguing in an op-ed piece in May that the technology was not a priority in a pandemic. Still, all four of France’s big phone carriers say they’ll bid at the auction, in a process that will commit them to installing 5G equipment at 10,500 sites by 2025.
|Click here to view the source article.|
|Source: Bloomberg, Helene Fouquet & Ania Nussbaum, 18 Sep 2020|
|Bordeaux: new mayor Pierre Hurmic wants a debate on "the dangers of 5G"|
|France||Created: 12 Jul 2020|
(auto-translated:) The new mayor of Bordeaux wants to consult the population on 5G. Other Green candidates expressed their opposition to the technology during the campaign. But they do not have the powers to oppose the government's timetable.
Will the ecological wave that swept through France in the municipal elections put a stop to the deployment of 5G in the territory? Invited to RTL's morning show on Monday (June 29th), the new ecologist mayor of Bordeaux, Pierre Hurmic, said that he wanted to "open the debate on 5G" while the Bordeaux metropolis is one of the French territories selected by Arcep (telecommunications regulatory authority) to test a 5G experimentation platform in the coming months.
"I find it totally unacceptable that we can impose 5G without explaining, without discussing, without seeing what the aspirations of the inhabitants are. You know, I'm a civil lawyer, I've been fighting Linky (SmartMeter) in the last few years. I don't like the techniques imposed. 5G deserves a real debate, we have to tell our citizens what the dangers of 5G are, there are dangers of 5G, and I think we need to put this discussion on the table so that Bordeaux and Bordeaux do not learn overnight that their territory is covered by 5G," he explained.
This position echoes one of the proposals on the "Bordeaux Breathe" list that he led to victory in the municipal elections in Bordeaux. Candidate Pierre Hurmic promised to obtain a moratorium on the city's experimentation with the 5G network and to launch a major public debate around the deployment of this technology.
As in Bordeaux, several newly elected Green mayors expressed their opposition to 5G during the campaign. In Nantes, Grenoble or Besançon, they questioned the impact of 5G on health and the environment and denounced the increasingly important weight taken by technology in society. But, they should not have the means to prevent operators from deploying their antennas and the future network.
Mayors can't oppose 5G
On Twitter, telecoms network lawyer Alexandre Archambault recalled that in a 2011 decision,the Council of State ruled that "only the state authorities designated by law (minister, ARCEP, ANFR) have the authority to regulate the implementation of mobile phone relay antennas in general. "A mayor cannot therefore regulate by decree the establishment of relay antennas on the territory of his municipality, on the basis of his general police power," the public institution said.
Contacted by RTL, the lawyer explained that "given the obligations of deployment, respect for emission powers and environmental integration, the flexibility of the communities will be almost nil once the licences have been granted by the end of the year". "Regarding Bordeaux, it is all the more limited because the metropolis has committed itself to the ARCEP to facilitate experimentation," he stresses.
The current climate of distrust of 5G should not prevent the government from keeping its timetable. Despite the appeal filed before the Council of State by associations, the moratorium requested by the Citizens' Convention and the dozens of relay antennas that have been targeted across the country in recent weeks, the executive has maintained the auction for the allocation of frequencies at the end of September with a view toa commercial launch before the end of the year. The results of the Anses evaluations on the health effects of 5G are expected in the first quarter of 2021.
|Click here to view the source article.|
|Source: RTL, Benjamin Hue, 29 Jun 2020|
|Electrohypersensitivity: How to Diagnose, Treat, and Prevent It|
|France||Created: 29 Apr 2020|
Since 2009, we built up a database which presently includes more than 2000 electrohypersensitivity (EHS) and/or multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) self-reported cases.
This database shows that EHS is associated in 30% of the cases with MCS, and that MCS precedes the occurrence of EHS in 37% of these EHS/MCS-associated cases.
EHS and MCS can be characterized clinically by a similar symptomatic picture, and biologically by low-grade inflammation and an autoimmune response involving autoantibodies against O-myelin.
Moreover, 80% of the patients with EHS present with one, two, or three detectable oxidative stress biomarkers in their peripheral blood, meaning that overall these patients present with a true objective somatic disorder.
Moreover, by using ultrasonic cerebral tomosphygmography and transcranial Doppler ultrasonography, we showed that cases have a defect in the middle cerebral artery hemodynamics, and we localized a tissue pulsometric index deficiency in the capsulo-thalamic area of the temporal lobes, suggesting the involvement of the limbic system and the thalamus.
Altogether, these data strongly suggest that EHS is a neurologic pathological disorder which can be diagnosed, treated, and prevented.
Because EHS is becoming a new insidious worldwide plague involving millions of people, we ask the World Health Organization (WHO) to include EHS as a neurologic disorder in the international classification of diseases.
|Click here to view the source article.|
|Source: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, Belpomme, D.; Irigaray, P, 11 Mar 2020|
|French court rules against Smartmeters for health reasons|
|France||Created: 4 Aug 2019|
A French court has ordered the removal of the controversial Linky electricity smart meters from 13 homes, for medical reasons.
The tribunal de grande instance (TGI or the civil court) of Tours considered the case of 121 “anti-Linky” complainants, and threw out 108 of the claims. The remaining 13 were accepted, with the court conceding a possible link between their medical complaints and their Linky smart meters.
One included a seven-year-old child living in Tours, who was - the court said - in “a state of chronic fatigue” and having “difficulty sleeping”, as proven in a medical note, “which could be linked to the Linky meter”.
The court demanded that in the case of these 13 individuals, the Linky meter be removed, and the households be delivered electricity without the device.
Lawyer for the complainants, Arnaud Durand, said that he would push for compensation for “the people who will not be able to live at home”.
In June 2017, medical safety agency L'Agence Nationale de Sécurité Sanitaire (Anses) concluded that the meters could be linked to some “health doubts” - including the possible consequences of exposure to electromagnetic fields.
These have not yet been resolved, according to Me Durand.
He is now hoping to bring more cases against the installation of the Linky meter throughout France.
The country has already seen 22 cases brought to court, including in Rennes, Toulouse, and Bordeaux. Most claims were thrown out, except for a few complainants who cited “electro-sensitivity” to the meters.
The Linky was first rolled out by electricity distribution network company Enedis in 2015. The meters enable electricity use to be measured remotely, so users are charged without a need for a manual reading by the homeowner or an engineer.
Homeowners are also expected to save up to €50 per year on their bills.
But the meters have been controversial since the beginning, with critics stating concerns over the alleged health risks, fire risks, and the transmission of individuals’ data to a private company. Some have also said that the design and manufacturing process breaks competition and monopoly laws.
More than 700 communes have come out against the Linky so far.
In February this year, a court ruled that a village had the right to say no to them, and residents of the town of Blagnac (Occitanie) were given legal permission to refuse for Enedis to collect any information from their Linky, or for an engineer to enter their property.
Yet, there are set to be 34 million Linky meters across France by 2021. They are legally required to have replaced 80% of the previous mechanical meter stock by 2020 - in line with a European Commission directive stating that all member states must change to at least 80% smart meters by this date.
|Click here to view the source article.|
|Source: Connexion France, 31 Jul 2019|
|French court recognizes Microwave Sickness as cause of work accident|
|France||Created: 1 Nov 2018|
In France, on 27 September 2018, the Yvelines Social Security Court ruled that an employee had an work accident as a result of his intolerance to electromagnetic fields (EMF). The man, a technical assistant in a customer service department, became unwell at work on 6 November 2013. He becomes unwell due to an accelerated heartbeat (tachycardia) and dizziness and falls to the ground. Earlier - in 2011 - the man had been diagnosed as electro-sensitive and the company doctor had twice - in 2011 and in 2012 - requested to be transferred to another position, but this had not been followed.
The sickness insurance company refuses to regard it as a work accident because the causal relationship between the accident and the injury was not established. He lodges an appeal. The court orders a medical examination to establish whether there is a direct causal link between the claimed injury and the work accident of that day or whether this is the result of an exclusive external cause.
Dr. Mireau, neurosurgeon and forensic scientist, states that there is no causal relationship and that the injury has a psychiatric cause related to an anxiety disorder and not to the work environment. The doctor states that the awareness that one is in an electromagnetic field, to the exclusion of any observable physical phenomenon, can cause the anxiety attack.
The Court found this investigation unclear and insufficiently motivated and states that the external cause of the accident had not been described and demonstrated and asked Dr. Pons - senior lecturer in cervicomaxillo-facial surgery at the university - for a new medical expertise.
Dr Pons, on the other hand, states that the accident was not caused by a traumatic event and that a causal link between the injury and the work is not excluded. Even if it is not scientifically demonstrable, the injury may be due to his hypersensitivity. This is because his hypersensitivity was already recognised in 2011 and he was asked to be transferred twice, which had not happened. The injury can therefore coincide with the complaints resulting from exposure to EMR.
Judgment of the Court
The Court of Appeal concludes from this report that a psychiatric cause is excluded. Furthermore, the injury concerns a precise and sudden event in which the existence of an exclusive external cause is not reported by the health insurance and is not objectified in the report of Dr. Pons. In addition, the company doctor's advice that he was suitable for a job in a low EMF environment and that he was asked to be transferred was not followed. The Court of Appeal therefore ruled that there are clear and consistent indicators that the injury can be regarded as a work accident and that the lack of evidence of an external cause leads to its recognition as an occupational accident.
The Court of Appeal rules in this judgment that the presumption of imputability must be assumed by these mentioned clear and consistent indicators. (First, a psychiatric cause is excluded. In addition, Dr. Pons did not rule out a possible causal link between the injury and the work and did not attribute it to a non-work related cause. Furthermore, the fact that it concerned a precise and sudden event that occurred at work and an external cause was not objectively identified. In addition, the man continued to work in an unsuitable environment because the requests for transfer were not followed up.)
|Source: WeAreTheEvidence / OmegaNews, via email, 01 Nov 2018|
|Series of recalls of dangerous mobile phones|
|France||Created: 10 Jun 2018|
On June 8, 2018, the site « Le Lanceur” published a new article on the industrial and health scandal of Phonegate. It is the seventh article in 18 months that it has devoted to this public health issue. In December 2016, it was the first media to relay the alert launched by Dr. Marc Arazi.
A big thank you to the editorial team and the journalist Antoine Sillières for their investigative work. It is also the only media for the moment to have made the link to our action following the withdrawal and updates of four new mobile phones.
It must also be noted that public broadcasting has been totally absent for months with regard to this affair. Why? In any case, certainly not for not having received our press releases regularly and trying to contact them so that the newsrooms (France2, France3, FranceInfo, France5, RadioFrance, …) inform the tens of millions of users of mobile phones of the danger to their health.
In this new article, our attention was particularly drawn to a quotation attributed to Olivier Merckel, Head of the Unit for assessment of risks related to physical agents at ANSES (French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety): “When the SARs of the tested phones show values lower than the limits, the health effects considered as proven by ICNIRP [International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection] are dismissed. For the general public, the safety factor applied by ICNIRP is 50. Thus the first effects considered by ICNIRP should not be observed at 2 W/kg but rather at 100 W/kg for an « average » that is representative of the general population. Beyond these well-known effects, the question is whether other effects could be observed at lower exposure levels”.
We strongly contest this figure of 100 W kg, which is purely and simply an invention that, to our knowledge, has never been included in any ICNIRP document or in any scientific document.
So we will write, in the next few days, to ANSES, to ask for clarification of this statement by Mr. Merckel. This is all the more worrying when we know that in October 2017, the Directorate General of Health (DGS) and the Directorate General for Risk Prevention (DPR) entrusted a mission to ANSES to assess the health risks to users of mobile phones whose SAR levels exceed the regulatory thresholds of 2 W/kg and may be greater than 7 W/kg.
In this regard, despite several requests, both the Minister for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition, Mr. Nicolas Hulot, and the Minister for Solidarity and Health, Mrs. Agnès Buzyn, have not yet transmitted to us the letter entrusting the mission to ANSES. In this matter, we can make the sad observation of a blatant lack of transparency.
We will come back to this in more detail in an article devoted to this key issue.
|Click here to view the source article.|
|Source: PhoneGate Alert, 10 Jun 2018|
|French school students to be banned from using mobile phones|
|France||Created: 8 Jun 2018|
French school students will be banned from using mobile phones anywhere on school grounds from September, after the lower house of parliament passed what it called a “detox” law for a younger generation increasingly addicted to screens.
The centrist president Emmanuel Macron had promised during his election campaign that he would outlaw children’s phones in nursery, primary and middle-schools, until around the age of 15.
The new law bans phone-use by children in school playgrounds, at breaktimes and anywhere on school premises. Legislation passed in 2010 already states children should not use phones in class.
During a parliamentary debate, lawmakers from Macron’s La République En Marche party said banning phones in schools meant all children now had a legal “right to disconnect” from digital pressures during their school day.
Some in Macron’s party had initially sought to go even further, arguing that adults should set an example and the the ban should be extended to all staff in schools, making teachers surrender their phones on arrival each morning.
But Macron’s education minister, Jean-Michel Blanquer, brushed this aside, saying it wasn’t necessary to extend the ban to teachers and staff.
The minister said that the school phone ban for children would “make us all reflect on our phone use in society, including adults”.
But the leftwing MP Hervé Saulignac pointed out that, during the debate about children being dangerously addicted to phones and unable to concentrate on their studies, scores of lawmakers were sitting through the session absent-mindedly tapping away on their own phones.
Opposition parties warned that major questions remained about how to enforce the ban, which will affect millions of children. The details of how schools could put the law in place have been left deliberately open.
Politicians estimate that more than 90% of French children aged between 12 and 17 have a phone. Blanquer had previously suggested that children could place their phones in lockers when they arrive at school in the same way that government ministers “place their phone in a box before cabinet meetings”.
But some schools have complained that setting up individual lockers in huge schools would be costly, impractical and difficult to police. Rights groups warned that schools would not have the legal right to confiscate phones.
|Click here to view the source article.|
|Source: The Guardian, Angelique Chrisafis, 07 Jun 2018|
|Letter by Prof. Dominique Belpomme Addressed to Electrohypersensitive Persons|
|France||Created: 18 Apr 2018|
Why I filed a complaint! This sixth letter is addressed more specifically to all those who suffer from electrohypersensitivity (EHS) and to all the associations that, fortunately, have taken up their cause. From a scientific point of view, there is no doubt that electrohypersensitivity is an acquired condition of environmental origin and that, in one way or another, artificial electromagnetic fields (which are polarized and pulsed, unlike natural electromagnetic fields) are most likely involved. There are thousands of scientific articles and even several journals entirely devoted to this subject. No doubt, even if it is still hesitant about the truth of this cause and the individualization of EHS as a new pathological condition, we should recall that following the 2004 Prague Congress, the WHO formally recognized the existence of EHS as a deleterious health "condition". Since then, numerous scientific studies have come to confirm the harmfulness of electromagnetic fields on health and, as we have shown, the possibility that chemicals may also be involved in the genesis and/or manifestations of EHS, since multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is a condition often associated with it, whether it be the cause or consequence.
Then why such opposition and controversy against those who suffer and doctors and researchers who try to understand the reason for this suffering and work to alleviate it?
Everyone knows the real reasons, which are not scientific, and it is not necessary here to dwell on them.
In the latest ARTAC newsletter, you will find the current state of our research on the subject, which shows that people with electrohypersensitivity present in 70-80% of cases, at the molecular level, oxidative stress. This confirms the results obtained recently by an Italian team.
However, the existence of such oxidative stress is incompatible with the assumption of ANSES [Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety] according to which EHS is caused by a nocebo effect, even if we can admit that, secondary to the genesis of EHS, such an effect may appear in the form of a sort of conditioned reflex.
Our work is therefore radically opposed to the conclusions of ANSES, which unfortunately are not scientifically founded, since ANSES has in fact decided not to recognize the effects of electromagnetic fields on health. Moreover, it is not for ANSES to present in an official report research hypotheses that have not been validated by the medical and scientific community.
Another important result of our research is to have proven that the administration of fermented papaya (Immun'Age) can improve the clinical symptomatology of patients and normalize the pulsometry measured by ultrasound tomosphygmography at the temporal lobes thanks in particular to an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect.
There remains the problem of smart meters. As many know, ENEDIS has arranged for the National Medical Council to lodge a complaint against me. However, in defiance of the secrecy of the investigation, the content of this complaint was disclosed in the press. This allowed some unscrupulous media to write with disregard for any serious investigation of polemical and slanderous articles attacking my honor and the quality of my research.
I was thus obliged to lodge a complaint against some of these media on the one hand and against X on the other hand for violation of professional secrecy and concealment of violation of professional secrecy. However, outside the Council of the Order, only ENEDIS knew the content of the complaint against me.
The sick are there and their existence and suffering cannot be denied. It is in the name of the Hippocratic Oath that I have acted and will continue to act, in full ethical awareness, because beyond the barriers that are now erected to refuse to recognize EHS, there is the intangibility of scientific facts and the hope for a better world.
Prof. Dominique Belpomme
1. Hansson Mild K, Repacholi M, van Deventer E, Ravazzani P, eds. 2006. Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity: Proceedings, International Workshop on EMF Hypersensitivity, Prague, Czech Republic, October 25-27, 2004. Geneva (Switzerland): WHO Press. p. 16.
2. Belpomme D, Campagnac C, Irigaray P. 2015. Reliable disease biomarkers characterizing and identifying electrohypersensitivity and multiple chemical sensitivity as two etiopathogenic aspects of a unique pathological disorder. Rev. Environ. Health. 30: 251-271.
3. Irigaray P, Garrel C, Faure P, Belpomme D. Oxidative stress in electrohypersensitivity self-reporting patients: results of a prospective in vivo molecular analysis. Int J Mol Med. 2018.
(not yet on-line)
4. De Luca C, Thai JC, Raskovic D, Cesareo E, Caccamo D, Trukhanov A, et al. 2014, Metabolic and genetic screening of electromagnetic hypersensitive subjects as a feasible tool for diagnostics and intervention. Mediators Inflamm. 2014: 924184.
5. Dieudonné M. 2016. Does electromagnetic hypersensitivity originate from nocebo responses? Indications from a qualitative study. Bioelectromagnetics 37: 14-24.
6. ANSES. Pré-rapport d’expertise : Hypersensibilité électromagnétique ou intolérance environnementale idiopathique attribuée aux champs électromagnétiques. Juin 2016.
2018 : https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/AP2011SA0150Ra.pdf
(available for now only in French)
7. Irigaray P, Garrel C, Houssay C, Mantello P, Belpomme D. 2018. Beneficial effects of a fermented papaya preparation for the treatment of electrohypersensitivity self-reporting patients: results of a phase I-II clinical trial with special reference to cerebral pulsation measurement and oxidative stress analysis. Funct Foods Health Dis 8(2): 122-144.
Original articlce in French:
|Click here to view the source article.|
|Source: Towards Better Health blog, Dominique Belpomme, 14 Apr 2018|
|Historic cellphone recall due to excessive radiation|
|France||Created: 14 Apr 2018|
In the wake of the ‘Phonegate’ hearings in France, for the first time in history a cellphone has been recalled due to emitting potentially unsafe levels of radiation. ‘Phonegate’ was similar to ‘Dieselgate,’ except in this case, it was cellphones—not diesel cars—that were proven to have higher emissions than claimed by their manufacturers. European manufacturer Orange recalled its Hapi 30 cellphone following hearings in Paris in which Dr. Marc Arazi led a team of international experts examining data released by French agency National Frequencies Agency (ANFR). Dr. Arazi had petitioned ANFR for several years to get the data released, finally resorting to court action. Among international experts at the hearings was American epidemiologist Dr. Devra Davis.
The Hapi 30 is “a rather basic flip phone model that the operator Orange sells under its own brand name and is manufactured by the French company Mobiwire,” according to an Alerte Phonegate media release. “In mid-March, Orange began to warn the affected users, that is, 0.3% of its customers, according to the operator, which would represent around 90,000 persons. By letter, they are being offered a free exchange of their cell phone against another model.” Tests conducted by ANFR revealed a specific absorption rate (SAR) that exceeds the authorized limit. The SAR is the measurement used to quantify the energy of radiofrequency radiation absorbed by the user of a cell phone. It is limited to 2 W/kg at the level of the head (“SAR head”) and at the level of body (“SAR trunk”). The Orange mobile phone Hapi 30 exceeds the limit at the level of the trunk (2.1 W/kg). Orange issued a statement that, “This mobile phone presents no health risk,” insisting that it meets emission standards “in situations of ordinary use, when the flap is open.”
However, the Orange mobile phone may only be the first such unit recalled. “We have recorded some other phones that exceed limits,” says Gilles Brégant, Director-General of ANFR. The agency is in the process of enforcing compliance with other manufacturers. Brégant promises to publish the name of the models at the conclusion of the procedure, which would take several months.
The European Union has legislation known as the RED directive (directive 2014/53/EU) that can impose fines on cellphone manufacturers that fail to meet mandated emissions standards. Sadly, in North America, neither Health Canada nor US regulatory agency the FDA has shown any such interest in protecting consumer health.
Dr. Arazi, a physician and former French politician, has been campaigning tirelessly to get both French and European regulatory agencies to enforce and improve standards. Largely due to his efforts, stricter standards are being enacted. Dr. Arazi—like many international scientists—has pointed out that the current SAR-based testing regime is ineffective and a poor standard to base public health regulations upon. “A change in the method of measurement, which applies to smartphones and other cell phones placed on the market since April 2016, has led to the emission measurements of the trunk at a maximum distance of 0.5 cm from the body,” notes the Alerte Phonegate coalition. “Previously, manufacturers could make measurements at a distance of 2.5 cm. These few centimeters change everything: they were allowing manufacturers to display much lower values, and therefore to comply more easily with the standards.”
Further making history have been the discoveries of the $25 million 2017 US National Toxicology Program (NTP) study revealing increased heart tumours and brain damage in rats exposed to radiofrequency radiation emitted by cellphones. Although an attempt was made to soft pedal the results in the mainstream media, “the experts recommended that tumors in tissues surrounding nerves in the hearts of male rats, called malignant schwannomas, be reclassified from some evidence to clear evidence of carcinogenic activity… NTP researchers also looked for noncancerous health effects in rats and mice. The panel agreed that there were increases in damage to brain tissue in exposed male and female rats, which further supported the classifications of cancerous effects in the brain.” NTP Senior Scientist John Bucher “stressed that the goal of the study was to establish the potential health hazard of exposure to cell phone RFR. He said that to detect a potential effect, the rodents’ whole bodies were exposed to levels equal to and higher than the highest level permitted for local tissue exposure in cell phone emissions today.”
For a summary of the NTP study, visit the US National Institutes of Health website here: https://factor.niehs.nih.gov/2018/4/feature/feature-2-cell-phone/index.htm
|Click here to view the source article.|
|Source: ChameleonFire1 blog, Sean Arthur Joyce, 06 Apr 2018|
|Catastrophic decline in birds blamed on pesticides, despite no evidence|
|France||Created: 21 Mar 2018|
Dozens of species have seen their numbers decline, in some cases by two-thirds, because insects they feed on have disappeared.
Bird populations across the French countryside have fallen by a third over the last decade and a half, researchers have said.
Dozens of species have seen their numbers decline, in some cases by two-thirds, the scientists said in a pair of studies – one national in scope and the other covering a large agricultural region in central France.
Nov 2017, Australia: Botanist report links disappearance of birds, bats & insects to electromagnetic radiation
Aug 2017, USA: Where have all the insects gone?
Jan 2008, South Africa: Modern technology may be bugging insects
Jul 2007, United Kingdom: 2002: Naturalists notice dramatic decline in insect populations
“The situation is catastrophic,” said Benoit Fontaine, a conservation biologist at France’s National Museum of Natural History and co-author of one of the studies.
“Our countryside is in the process of becoming a veritable desert,” he said in a communique released by the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), which also contributed to the findings.
The common white throat, the ortolan bunting, the Eurasian skylark and other once-ubiquitous species have all fallen off by at least a third, according a detailed, annual census initiated at the start of the century.
A migratory song bird, the meadow pipit, has declined by nearly 70%.
The museum described the pace and extent of the wipe-out as “a level approaching an ecological catastrophe”.
The primary culprit, researchers speculate, is the intensive use of pesticides on vast tracts of monoculture crops, especially wheat and corn.
The problem is not that birds are being poisoned, but that the insects on which they depend for food have disappeared.
“There are hardly any insects left, that’s the number one problem,” said Vincent Bretagnolle, a CNRS ecologist at the Centre for Biological Studies in Chize.
Recent research, he noted, has uncovered similar trends across Europe, estimating that flying insects have declined by 80%, and bird populations has dropped by more than 400m in 30 years.
Despite a government plan to cut pesticide use in half by 2020, sales in France have climbed steadily, reaching more than 75,000 tonnes of active ingredient in 2014, according to European Union figures.
“What is really alarming, is that all the birds in an agricultural setting are declining at the same speed, even ’generalist’ birds,” which also thrive in other settings such as wooded areas, said Bretagnolle.
“That shows that the overall quality of the agricultural eco-system is deteriorating.”
Figures from the national survey – which relies on a network of hundreds of volunteer ornithologists – indicate the die-off gathered pace in 2016 and 2017.
Drivers of the drop in bird populations extend beyond the depletion of their main food source, the scientists said.
Shrinking woodlands, the absence of the once common practice of letting fields lie fallow and especially rapidly expanding expanses of mono-crops have each played a role.
“If the situation is not yet irreversible, all the actors in the agriculture sector must work together to change their practices,” Fontaine said.
|Click here to view the source article.|
|Source: Guardian, Agence France-Presse, 21 Mar 2018|
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