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New 5G flaws can track phone locations and spoof emergency alerts
USA Created: 13 Nov 2019
Security researchers at Purdue University and the University of Iowa have found close to a dozen vulnerabilities, which they say can be used to track a victim’s real-time location, spoof emergency alerts that can trigger panic or silently disconnect a 5G-connected phone from the network altogether.

5G is said to be more secure than its 4G predecessor, able to withstand exploits used to target users of older cellular network protocols like 2G and 3G like the use of cell site simulators — known as “stingrays.” But the researchers’ findings confirm that weaknesses undermine the newer security and privacy protections in 5G.

Worse, the researchers said some of the new attacks also could be exploited on existing 4G networks.

The researchers expanded on their previous findings to build a new tool, dubbed 5GReasoner, which was used to find 11 new 5G vulnerabilities. By creating a malicious radio base station, an attacker can carry out several attacks against a target’s connected phone used for both surveillance and disruption.

In one attack, the researchers said they were able to obtain both old and new temporary network identifiers of a victim’s phone, allowing them to discover the paging occasion, which can be used to track the phone’s location — or even hijack the paging channel to broadcast fake emergency alerts. This could lead to “artificial chaos,” the researcher said, similar to when a mistakenly sent emergency alert claimed Hawaii was about to be hit by a ballistic missile amid heightened nuclear tensions between the U.S. and North Korea. (A similar vulnerability was found in the 4G protocol by University of Colorado Boulder researchers in June.)

Another attack could be used to create a “prolonged” denial-of-service condition against a target’s phone from the cellular network.

In some cases, the flaws could be used to downgrade a cellular connection to a less-secure standard, which makes it possible for law enforcement — and capable hackers — to launch surveillance attacks against their targets using specialist “stingray” equipment.

All of the new attacks can be exploited by anyone with practical knowledge of 4G and 5G networks and a low-cost software-defined radio, said Syed Rafiul Hussain, one of the co-authors of the new paper.

Given the nature of the vulnerabilities, the researchers said they have no plans to release their proof-of-concept exploitation code publicly. However, the researchers did notify the GSM Association (GSMA), a trade body that represents cell networks worldwide, of their findings.

Although the researchers were recognized by GSMA’s mobile security “hall of fame,” spokesperson Claire Cranton said the vulnerabilities were “judged as nil or low-impact in practice.” The GSMA did not say if the vulnerabilities would be fixed — or give a timeline for any fixes. But the spokesperson said the researchers’ findings “may lead to clarifications” to the standard where it’s written ambiguously.

Hussain told TechCrunch that while some of the fixes can be easily fixed in the existing design, the remaining vulnerabilities call for “a reasonable amount of change in the protocol.”

It’s the second round of research from the academics released in as many weeks. Last week, the researchers found several security flaws in the baseband protocol of popular Android models — including Huawei’s Nexus 6P and Samsung’s Galaxy S8+ — making them vulnerable to snooping attacks on their owners.
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Source: TechCrunch, Zack Whittaker, 12 Nov 2019

Will WHO Kick Its ICNIRP Habit?
USA Created: 4 Nov 2019
Recognition of Non-Thermal Effects Hangs in the Balance.

After eight years of work, the World Health Organization (WHO) is reopening its review of the health effects of RF radiation for a summary report intended to serve as a benchmark for its more than 150 member countries.

The move might suggest that the WHO EMF/RF program is poised to reassess its long-held policy of rejecting non-thermal effects, and to loosen its deep ties to ICNIRP, the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation with its heat-only dogma.

The reputation of both organizations has never recovered from the rampant industry cronyism of Mike Repacholi, who created them in the 1990s. A close look at the WHO radiation program and its approach to this new review show that not much has changed in Geneva.

In other words: Don't count ICNIRP out just yet.

Read our latest story here: https://microwavenews.com/news-center/can-who-kick-icnirp-habit

Louis Slesin, PhD
Editor, Microwave News
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Source: Microwave News, Louis Slesin, 04 Nov 2019

Council urged to study health effects of 5G network
USA Created: 3 Nov 2019
A handful of citizens urged Aspen City Council to do all it can to prevent a barrage of 5G towers coming into town.

The concerns were voiced during public comment, led by Tom Lankering, a chiropractor from Basalt, and focused on the health effects of pervasive 5G signals.

Lankering held up a blank piece of paper, telling the council it was a list on the safety studies on 5G.

“That is the biggest issue we are talking about now, is that there are no safety studies,” Lankering said.

As Aspen has faced the incoming advent of 5G wireless devices and networks, city staff have been preparing to keep as much of a handle on new cell towers as they can. However, in public memos they have cited legislation passed in 1997 that bans local governments from regulating small cell wireless facilities based on health reasons.

“I’m sure this has been relayed to you by all of us that we feel our hands are tied by the FCC and other regulations,” Councilman Ward Hauenstein said in response to the public comment.

“That is only part of the misinformation that has been put out,” Lankering said.

He said other communities are finding ways to ban or delay the implementation of 5G. He also told the council that there is a movement in the statehouse now to repeal HB 17-1193, which he said was passed due to pressure from wireless companies at the expense of public health.

“Part of this is about being able to reclaim our right to protect our own health,” Lankering said.

Lankering asked that a safety study be done before 5G is allowed in town. He offered his own free time, as well as that of a group of citizens who have been gathering to fight the implementation of 5G.

“Electromagnetic radiation is devastating, it’s destructive and destroys brains,” Lankering said, invoking fears of dementia, alzheimers and cancers, as well as social health effects and depression.

5G waves are smaller and thus do not travel as far. This means more towers are needed in any given area than with current cell towers. It is estimated that Aspen would need more than 100 new towers in order to create a reliable 5G network in town. The county as a whole is years away from implementing 5G networks, even though some cell carriers advertise their networks as 5G currently.

Business owner Andrew Sandler told council that he can feel the effects of 4G towers when he travels to areas in Denver that have heavy 4G network. He also voiced concern about the health effects, even from the wi-fi signals created through the network of cell phones present in the council chambers.

“Picture walking through a haze of smoke and pretend that is the wifi frequency that is coming at you,” Sandler said. “Everyone in the room is sitting in a haze of junk and it’s killing us.”

Public comment on the health risks of 5G continued for about 20 minutes, with clapping from the room as each citizen voiced their concerns.

City Attorney Jim True said the city’s legal team is working on crafting Aspen’s own regulations to stay compliant with state and federal codes while also caring for the health and aesthetic preferences of local citizens. He encouraged those who spoke during public comment to send along examples of ways other communities are addressing the health concerns.

“This is just the biggest experiment on humankind that will even happen,” Lankering told the council, “but people are rising up.”
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Aspen Daily News, Alycin Bektesh, 23 Oct 2019

Could Bristol councillors end the roll-out of 5G in Bristol?
United Kingdom Created: 3 Nov 2019
Campaigners are calling for Bristol City Council to switch off the network over radiation fears.

A debate urging council chiefs to stop the roll-out of 5G in Bristol is set to take place at City Hall next week.

The service, which allows faster phone data speeds, has been operational in the city since July 3 on the Vodafone network.

But campaigners are calling for Bristol City Council to switch off the network over radiation fears.

Montpelier nutritional therapist Sally Beare launched a petition earlier this year urging the authority to follow Geneva and Florence in adopting “the precautionary principle”, halting 5G until there is more information to show it is safe.

Nearly 4,000 people have added their names to the petition which is enough to trigger a special debate in the council chamber which is set for Tuesday (September 10).

Ms Beare said she first became passionate about the issue when she happened across a statement made by Washington State University’s Dr Martin Pall.

Dr Pall describes the introduction of 5G as “the stupidest idea anyone has had in the history of the world”.

He says it risks cancer because “an extraordinary number of antennae are required, high outputs are needed for penetration, pulsation levels will be very high, and it will have an impact on the human body’s cellular electrical field”.

Public Health England (PHE) says it does not expect 5G to impact on people’s health.

But Ms Breare is not convinced and says it is “not scaremongering to say that 5G will cause illness and death”.

She added: “It is clear from the independent science that parents will lose children and children will lose parents.

“It is an outdated myth that non-ionising radiation is safe; it is not.

“Microwave radiation from existing mobile networks has been found in thousands of peer-reviewed studies to cause harm to health, including neurological effects, nervous system issues and cancer.

“Several recent large-scale studies have shown that mobile radiation causes fatal brain and heart cancer; a proper look at the data also shows that brain gliomas in England - the type associated with mobile radiation - have doubled in the last twenty years.

“Some of the most powerful and progressive cities in the world, such as Brussels and parts of Geneva, have banned 5G for health reasons.

“Bristol should be looking to them and to the experts in human radiation effects, and not to our fractured, insecure government, for guidance.”

A separate petition against 5G, signed by 235 scientists and doctors across the world, warns the network will "massively increase" people's exposure to mobile phone radiation they say could cause cancer.

But Head of radiation dosimetry at Public Health England (PHE), Simon Mann, said: “It is possible that there may be a small increase in overall exposure to radio waves when 5G is added to an existing telecommunications network or in a new area.

“However, the overall exposure is expected to remain low relative to guidelines and as such there should be no consequences for public health.”

A PHE spokesman added the body is committed to making sure 5G radio waves comply with International Committee on Non-Ionising Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) guidelines.

He said PHE will update its advice “should new evidence dictate that is necessary”.

A Vodafone spokesperson said: “The radio frequencies used for 5G in the UK are similar to the ones currently used for 4G services. Where 4G uses frequencies between 800 MHz and 2.6GHz, 5G uses frequencies between 3.4GHz and 3.6GHz.”

Click here to view the source article.
Source: Bristol Live, Kate Wilson, 05 Sep 2019

Mobile phones to be banned in all public schools
Australia Created: 30 Oct 2019
A STATE-wide policy to ban students in all public schools from using mobile phones during school hours was announced this morning.

Premier Mark McGowan and Education Minister Sue Ellery were at Ocean Reef Senior High School to introduce the ‘off and away all day’ policy that will ban the use of phones and other devices such as smart watches, earbuds, tablets and headphones for students from next year.

Ocean Reef has had its own mobile phone and digital device policy in place since the start of 2018.

Following consultation with schools that already have successful guidelines in place, the ban will start from the time students arrive at school until the end of the school day and include all break times.

Students from kindergarten to Year 6 will not be permitted to have mobile phones in their possession during the school day, while students from Years 7 to 12 must have their phones turned off and kept out of sight.

Smart watches must be set to airplane mode.

Exemptions to the policy will be made for students with special circumstances such as medical conditions or when directed by a teacher.

Parents will be contacted with information on the policy, including how to contact their school’s administration if they need to get in touch with their child during school hours.

Mr McGowan said the policy would allow students to focus on their school work, without the distraction of a mobile phone.

“The policy will improve the health and wellbeing of students by encouraging children to connect socially in class and in the school yard,” he said.

“Some schools have already adopted this policy and the results have been very positive.”

Mr McGowan said the policy also responded to concerns from parents and teachers about the “pressures and demands that carrying a mobile phone brings to young people”.

“Additionally, while it is recognised that cyberbullying mainly occurs outside school time, banning the use of mobile phones will reduce external issues being brought into a school via technology,” he said.

Ms Ellery said she had consulted with school leaders, students and parents about the decision.

“Schools I have visited where phones are banned have reported that a tough stance has been a game-changer for students and staff,” she said.

“Students are talking to each other face-to-face rather than texting and they’re not distracted from their work during class. Overall those schools are much happier and connected places.

“I am absolutely supportive of using technology as a tool for learning and this policy doesn’t limit those opportunities.”
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Joondalup Times, Tyler Brown, 30 Oct 2019

Got Anxiety? Brain Fog? Try Reducing Your Exposure to EMF
USA Created: 27 Oct 2019
In early September I attended the first conference of its kind for health care practitioners in the United States about Electromagnetic Frequencies (EMF). Humans cannot see, touch, taste, or smell EMF, which understandably contributes to our capacity to deny the risks of exposure. Its effects accrue over time, and are proportional to the duration and intensity of exposure.

“Scientists, doctors and researchers have long accepted that ionizing radiation, such as the ultraviolet rays that accompany sunlight, or the X-rays that you are exposed to in your doctor’s or dentist’s office-can harm and destroy DNA. It has been assumed, however, that non-ionizing radiation from power-lines, television broadcasting and cell phones did not harm DNA," writes Dr. Martin Blank in "Overpowered."This is not the case. Non-ionizing radiation can react with and harm DNA which can cause mutations and even cell death and lead directly to serious medical illness.

There is incontrovertible scientific evidence supporting the seriousness and enormity of the deleterious impact of electromagnetic frequencies (EMF) upon both human health and the biosphere. The BioIntiative Report updated from 2014-2019 included 6000 studies concluded that bioeffects are clearly established to occur with very low exposure levels (non-thermal levels) to electromagnetic fields and radio frequency radiation exposures. Electromagnetic frequencies cause damage to our intricate and delicate DNA and is related to the development of cancers, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, neurodegenerative diseases, infertility, depression and anxiety.

Just as the tobacco industry suppressed the scientific evidence regarding the hazards of cigarette smoking, a similar strategy has been undertaken by lobbyists for the telecommunications industry to manufacture doubt about the negative health effects of wireless technology. There has been a repeated assertion that there is no “proven link”, that the data is inconclusive. “It appears that the response of governments and industry groups to this lack of specific cause and effect relationships between non-thermal exposure to EMF and negative heath effects has been to formulate regulations and safety standards that ignore them completely. While there is plenty of science indicating the presence of significant health risks at non-thermal levels, as far as safety standards and regulatory frameworks are concerned, EMF is harmful to humans only at levels powerful enough to result in increased temperature (the so-called thermal effect). No recognition at all is given to any potential health effects at lower, non-thermal levels of non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation even though non thermal biological effects have been scientifically demonstrated for over a century.” (Overpowered p 161)

Given our ever growing dependence on technology, exposure to EMF’s is a reality that increasingly effects all of us, but pregnant women and children are particularly vulnerable. Children absorb more microwave radiation than adults because their brain tissues are more absorbent, their skulls are thinner and their relative size is smaller. Of particular concern is children’s exposure to EMF in the classroom. Unless we learn to choose safe technology practices, today’s wireless technology continually pulses toxic microwave radiation "electrosmog" at us. This includes our wi-fi routers, cell towers, cell phones, tablets, wearables, Bluetooth, baby monitors, gaming devices, microwaves, smart meters and more.

Early symptoms of EMF exposure may include headaches, nausea, Inability to concentrate (also known as brain fog), chronic fatigue and muscle fatigue without exercise, nose and/or ear bleeds, agitation, m and more.

Symptoms resulting from EMF exposure can be indistinguishable from Mast Cell Activation Disorder, Mold Toxicity, Chronic Lyme Disease and Multiple Chemical Sensitivity. This is because the physiology underlying all of these conditions is the same: cellular inflammation. In addition it appears that these same conditions make a person more vulnerable to electro hypersensitivity. There seems to be a particular synergistic effect between exposures to chemical toxins and electro hypersensitivity.

Building biologists certified through the Building Biology Institute in Santa Fe can be consulted who will assess your home and make recommendations about how to improve its EMF health and safety. One of the most important areas of the home is the bedroom. EMF suppress melatonin production and lower sleep quality. Deep restorative sleep is essential to healing and supporting the health of the immune system.

There were individuals at the conference who were electro hypersensitive and would become very ill from exposure. Thus in the conference auditorium there was no wifi allowed and also none in the sleeping areas. Since attending the conference, and being more mindful to practice EMF safety, I have noticed that I feel cognitively sharper and am having less trouble with my memory and word finding. In addition my mood is improved and I feel less anxious. This was noticeable only after one week of reduced exposure.

I encourage all of my patients to make use technology in a safer way to mitigate against EMF exposure.

Below is a partial list of some of the steps that you can take to reduce your exposure. All of these suggestions are followed by fully elaborated explanations in Dr. Martin Blank's book. These recommendations can feel like an unwelcome hassle. But it’s important. Making even small changes can make a difference cumulatively to protect your health and the health of your loved ones.

There are two key principles:

Minimize your use of of EMF generating technology.

Maximize the distance between you and those EMF sources when they are in use.

Do not live near high voltage power lines.

Stay away from transformers.

Live as far from cell phone antennas as possible.

Don’t use electric blankets or waterbeds.

Run extension cords away from furniture and keep cords organized.

Switch from electric to battery alarm clocks.

Energy efficient appliances generate less pollution than older less efficient models

Don’t use fluorescent lights.

Don’t use dimmers of three-way switches.

Don’t use microwaves, but if you do, get out of the kitchen when the microwave is on.

Put your cell phone on airplane mode when not in use.

Don’t put your cell phone in your pocket.

Laptops are not for laps.

Minimize use of hairdryers and electric razors.

Consider using an ethernet cable rather than wifi in your home.

Turn the wifi router off at night.

Switch to plastic eyeglass frames and foam mattresses that do not function as antennas.

Two important resources are Wireless Education, a non-profit which educates about safer use of technology and the Americans for Responsible Technology. an advocacy group for the safe, reliable and responsible use of technology.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Psychology Today, Judy Tsafrir MD, 23 Oct 2019

We Have No Reason to Believe 5G Is Safe (blog)
USA Created: 27 Oct 2019
The technology is coming, but contrary to what some people say, there could be health risks.

The telecommunications industry and their experts have accused many scientists who have researched the effects of cell phone radiation of "fear mongering" over the advent of wireless technology's 5G. Since much of our research is publicly-funded, we believe it is our ethical responsibility to inform the public about what the peer-reviewed scientific literature tells us about the health risks from wireless radiation.

The chairman of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) recently announced through a press release that the commission will soon reaffirm the radio frequency radiation (RFR) exposure limits that the FCC adopted in the late 1990s. These limits are based upon a behavioral change in rats exposed to microwave radiation and were designed to protect us from short-term heating risks due to RFR exposure.

Yet, since the FCC adopted these limits based largely on research from the 1980s, the preponderance of peer-reviewed research, more than 500 studies, have found harmful biologic or health effects from exposure to RFR at intensities too low to cause significant heating.

Citing this large body of research, more than 240 scientists who have published peer-reviewed research on the biologic and health effects of nonionizing electromagnetic fields (EMF) signed the International EMF Scientist Appeal, which calls for stronger exposure limits. The appeal makes the following assertions:

“Numerous recent scientific publications have shown that EMF affects living organisms at levels well below most international and national guidelines. Effects include increased cancer risk, cellular stress, increase in harmful free radicals, genetic damages, structural and functional changes of the reproductive system, learning and memory deficits, neurological disorders, and negative impacts on general well-being in humans. Damage goes well beyond the human race, as there is growing evidence of harmful effects to both plant and animal life.”

The scientists who signed this appeal arguably constitute the majority of experts on the effects of nonionizing radiation. They have published more than 2,000 papers and letters on EMF in professional journals.

The FCC’s RFR exposure limits regulate the intensity of exposure, taking into account the frequency of the carrier waves, but ignore the signaling properties of the RFR. Along with the patterning and duration of exposures, certain characteristics of the signal (e.g., pulsing, polarization) increase the biologic and health impacts of the exposure. New exposure limits are needed which account for these differential effects. Moreover, these limits should be based on a biological effect, not a change in a laboratory rat’s behavior.

The World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified RFR as "possibly carcinogenic to humans" in 2011. Last year, a $30 million study conducted by the U.S. National Toxicology Program (NTP) found “clear evidence” that two years of exposure to cell phone RFR increased cancer in male rats and damaged DNA in rats and mice of both sexes. The Ramazzini Institute in Italy replicated the key finding of the NTP using a different carrier frequency and much weaker exposure to cell phone radiation over the life of the rats.

Based upon the research published since 2011, including human and animal studies and mechanistic data, the IARC has recently prioritized RFR to be reviewed again in the next five years. Since many EMF scientists believe we now have sufficient evidence to consider RFR as either a probable or known human carcinogen, the IARC will likely upgrade the carcinogenic potential of RFR in the near future.

Nonetheless, without conducting a formal risk assessment or a systematic review of the research on RFR health effects, the FDA recently reaffirmed the FCC’s 1996 exposure limits in a letter to the FCC, stating that the agency had “concluded that no changes to the current standards are warranted at this time,” and that “NTP’s experimental findings should not be applied to human cell phone usage.” The letter stated that “the available scientific evidence to date does not support adverse health effects in humans due to exposures at or under the current limits.”

The latest cellular technology, 5G, will employ millimeter waves for the first time in addition to microwaves that have been in use for older cellular technologies, 2G through 4G. Given limited reach, 5G will require cell antennas every 100 to 200 meters, exposing many people to millimeter wave radiation. 5G also employs new technologies (e.g., active antennas capable of beam-forming; phased arrays; massive multiple inputs and outputs, known as massive MIMO) which pose unique challenges for measuring exposures.

Millimeter waves are mostly absorbed within a few millimeters of human skin and in the surface layers of the cornea. Short-term exposure can have adverse physiological effects in the peripheral nervous system, the immune system and the cardiovascular system. The research suggests that long-term exposure may pose health risks to the skin (e.g., melanoma), the eyes (e.g., ocular melanoma) and the testes (e.g., sterility).

Since 5G is a new technology, there is no research on health effects, so we are “flying blind” to quote a U.S. senator. However, we have considerable evidence about the harmful effects of 2G and 3G. Little is known the effects of exposure to 4G, a 10-year-old technology, because governments have been remiss in funding this research. Meanwhile, we are seeing increases in certain types of head and neck tumors in tumor registries, which may be at least partially attributable to the proliferation of cell phone radiation. These increases are consistent with results from case-control studies of tumor risk in heavy cell phone users.

5G will not replace 4G; it will accompany 4G for the near future and possibly over the long term. If there are synergistic effects from simultaneous exposures to multiple types of RFR, our overall risk of harm from RFR may increase substantially. Cancer is not the only risk as there is considerable evidence that RFR causes neurological disorders and reproductive harm, likely due to oxidative stress.

As a society, should we invest hundreds of billions of dollars deploying 5G, a cellular technology that requires the installation of 800,000 or more new cell antenna sites in the U.S. close to where we live, work and play?

Instead, we should support the recommendations of the 250 scientists and medical doctors who signed the 5G Appeal that calls for an immediate moratorium on the deployment of 5G and demand that our government fund the research needed to adopt biologically based exposure limits that protect our health and safety.

Joel M. Moskowitz, PhD, is director of the Center for Family and Community Health in the School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley. He has been translating and disseminating the research on wireless radiation health effects since 2009 after he and his colleagues published a review paper that found long-term cell phone users were at greater risk of brain tumors. His Electromagnetic Radiation Safety website has had more than two million page views since 2013. He is an unpaid advisor to the International EMF Scientist Appeal and Physicians for Safe Technology.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Scientific American, Joel M. Moskowitz, 17 Oct 2019

Burnham-On-Sea town councillors raise concerns over 5G phone masts plans
United Kingdom Created: 27 Oct 2019
Burnham-On-Sea and Highbridge town councillors have objected against plans to make it easier for phone companies to install 5G phone masts.

The National Association of Local Councils (NALC) has voiced strong opposition to plans by the UK government proposing to simplify the planning rules – called Permitted Development Rights – for new mobile infrastructure such as 4G and 5G masts in order to improve rural network coverage across England.

Members of the Town Council’s Planning Applications Committee have considered the proposed removal of planning restrictions on the 5G mobile network at their latest meeting – and agreed with the NALC position.

Burnham and Highbridge Town Council says: “The view of the committee was that new mast installations and/or changes to existing mast installations should be subject to the usual planning process to enable public scrutiny and to ensure installations are sympathetic to the surrounding environment as far as possible.”

“The purpose of the planning process is not to prevent developments but to ensure they are carried out to an acceptable standard.”

“It was agreed to support NALC’s comments in regard to new-build houses and business to be provided with in-built infrastructure to enable connection to fibre-optic broadband and support the Rural Coalition’s call for infrastructure which reaches rural areas, so the rural economy can grow and create quality jobs.”
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Burnham-on-sea.com, 23 Oct 2019

American Kids Aren't Getting Enough Sleep and It's Affecting Their Success at School, Scientists Warn
USA Created: 27 Oct 2019
Around 30 percent of children in the US don't get enough sleep, according to scientists warning of a "public health crisis".

U.S. research found only 63.6 percent of six- to 12-year-olds and 68.1 percent of those aged between 13 and 17 were getting enough sleep on a weeknight. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends six- to 12-year-olds get at least nine hours on an average weeknight, while 13- to 17-year-olds should aim for at least eight.

The team looked at answers from 49,050 parents of young people aged between six and 17 years old, who took part in the 2016-2017 National Survey of Children's Health. The parents detailed how much their child slept.

The survey also measured what are known as flourishing markers, such as whether the child was curious about new things; if they did all their homework; cared about doing well at school; were committed to finishing tasks; and stayed calm and in control while faced with a challenge.

The under-12s who didn't have enough sleep were less likely to be curious about learning, care about school, do their homework and finish tasks. Those in the older category had similar problems, but were also less likely to stay calm when encountering a challenge.

The authors wrote: "Chronic sleep loss amongst youth is a major public health crisis globally and is associated with a multitude of physical and mental health issues."

They went on to state: "This study demonstrates that insufficient sleep is associated with decreased childhood flourishing, which could have a critical role on the physical and mental health, school performance and well-being of children."

The study is due to be presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics 2019 National Conference and Exhibition, and has therefore not been peer-reviewed.

Dr. Hoi See Tsao, a paediatrician at Massachusetts General Hospital who co-authored the study, told Newsweek: "This research reinforces the importance of increasing efforts to maximize sleep sufficiency for children including addressing digital media usage, bedtime routines and school duration and start times.

"In addition, it can guide future recommendations to school districts and families regarding the importance of sleep, give directions for future targeted public health interventions to increase sleep sufficiency, and thereby enhance the broader effort to optimize childhood flourishing and development."

She suggested parents can help children get sufficient sleep by establishing regular bedtime routines, having all screens off at least 30 minutes before bedtime, and avoiding having any screens such as computers or televisions in children's bedrooms.

Lisa Henderson, a senior lecturer in the department of psychology at the U.K's University of York, who wasn't involved in the study, told Newsweek there is a lot of existing data showing a link between sleep and a child's academic outcomes, as well as supporting neural mechanisms of learning and memory retention.

"However, this data adds a new twist, namely that sleep deprivation may also impact on attitude to learning. An alarming number of children (even pre-adolescents) are not getting enough sleep," she said.

Henderson, an expert on how sleep can affect memory consolidation in children, argued the study was limited because the age ranges of each group assessed were "very broad" and it relied on parents being accurate.

"There are dramatic changes in sleep architecture and also school behaviors that take place from 6 to 12 years, and from 13 to 17 years. So, collapsing across these ranges may be masking important developmental changes in the nature of the relationship under investigation," she said.

The take-home message for parents, she suggested, is to "take note of how much sleep your child is getting and take active steps to maximize their sleep duration."

"Sleep is crucial for pretty much everything. It should be considered as vital as exercise and diet. Schools and parents should be looking to support and encourage healthy sleep habits in children," Henderson said.

Chen Song, of the Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre, also not involved in the study, told Newsweek: "Adolescence is a sensitive period of brain remodeling and cognitive development but it is unknown whether chronic disruptive of sleep at this age will have long-term impacts on brain and behavior."

"This study tested a large sample of participants, and reported a striking impact of chronic sleep restriction during adolescence on flourishing," Song said.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Newsweek, Kashmira Gander, 10 Oct 2019

Public health must be prioritised over phone companies
Cyprus Created: 20 Oct 2019
Public health must be the priority of the state, president of the Green Party George Perdikis said on Sunday as he took part in a demonstration in Dheryneia against the installation of 5G phone masts.

“It must stop the nonsense of mobile phone companies,” he said, “the interest of the telecommunications company must be put in second place, after public health”.He said four law proposals against mobile phone masts have been tabled at the House by the Green party but other parties refuse to vote on them.

The Green Party is calling for the reduction of the exposure limits of the public to mobile phone masts, TV and radio stations and radar.

According to documents submitted to the House by the party, there are 1,300 mobile phone masrs in Cyprus, half of which are not licenced.

The party charged telephone companies with filling towns and villages with masts without any concern for the people that live near them.

The dangers to public health of these masts were outlined at a meeting in Emba, Paphos of the Association of People Affected by Telephone Mast rays (Aspida), which says the closer the mast is to a house, the greater threat it poses to public health.

The mayors of Emba and nearby Mesogi said with the new 5G network, there is the fear that exposure levels will increase

At the same time, the mayor of Yeri, in Nicosia, Neophytos Papalazarou has sent a letter of complaint to the town planning department for the illegal erection of a mobile phone mast in a densely populated part of the municipality and warned of an upcoming demonstration.
Click here to view the source article.
Source: Cyprus Mail, Katy Turner, 20 Oct 2019

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